CNA Skills Checklist

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gvalliant1
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166834
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CNA Skills Checklist
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2012-08-22 11:24:37
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CNA Skills Checklist
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CNA Skills Checklist
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  1. Handwashing:

    When taking the test, candidates are not given instructions about when to wash their hands. Hands should be washed before and after any physical contact witha resident.
    • 1 Begin handwashing by wetting hands and applying soap to hands?
    • 2 Use friction to distribute soap and create lather cleansing front and back of hands, between fingers, around cuticles, under nails, and wrists?
    • 3 Provide cleansing friction for a minimum of 20 seconds with hands lathered with soap?
    • 4 Rinse hands and wrists removing soap?
    • 5 Use clean paper towel(s) to dry hands and wrists,and dispose of used paper towel in trash?
    • 6 End handwashing skill with clean hands avoiding recontamination of hands before procedure completed (e.g., having direct contact with faucet handles or sink surfaces once hands washed
  2. Indirect Care:

    Indirect Care is a skill that is evaluated while you perform each skill. This skill evaluates behaviors that are common to any resident care such as: infection control, safety,communication, and resident preferences, needs, comfortand rights. You are not given instructions to perform the Indirect Care skill. The evaluator watches for these behaviors while you perform each skill.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 4 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 5 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care orbefore care completed? (IC)
    • 6 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 7 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  3. Ambulate the resident using a transfer/gait belt:

    The candidate is asked to walk a resident who needs some assistance to stand. A transfer/gait belt is used while walking the resident. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name and introduce self?(IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Apply transfer/gait belt before standing resident, placing around the resident’s waist and over clothing, secure so that only flat fingers/hand fit under belt, and the belt does not catch skin or skinfolds (e.g. breast tissue)?
    • 4 Provide signal or cue to resident before assisting to stand?
    • 5 Assist resident to stand while holding onto the transfer/gait belt without holding belt only at the front or only at nearest side (if assisting to standfrom the side)?
    • 6 Ask about how resident feels upon standing?
    • 7 Walk resident while standing to the side and slightly behind resident?
    • 8 Provide support while walking resident with an arm around resident’s back holding transfer/gait belt?
    • 9 Ask about how resident feels during ambulation?
    • 10 Walk resident at least 10 steps?
    • 11 Assist resident to turn and have back of legs positioned against the seat of chair before resident sits?
    • 12 Provide support to sit resident back into chair?
    • 13 Remove transfer/gait belt from resident’s waist without harming resident (e.g., pulling transfer/gait belt) when seated in chair after ambulation?
    • 14 Maintain own body mechanics when assisting resident to stand and sit?
    • 15 Leave resident positioned in chair in proper body alignment and hips against back of seat?
    • 16 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 17 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 18 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 19 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 20 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  4. Assist resident needing to use a bedpan:

    The candidate is asked to help a resident who has asked for a bedpan. The role of the resident is played by a person who will be wearing a hospital-style gown over clothing.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name and introduce self?(IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Place protective pad on bed over bottom sheet,under buttocks/upper thigh area, before placing bed pan, and remove the pad after bed pan is removed?
    • 4 Place and remove bedpan by either having resident positioned on side to turn on/off back, onto/off bedpan, or having resident raise hips off bed?
    • 5 Position bedpan under resident according to form/shape of the selected bedpan?
    • 6 Position bedpan to allow for collection?
    • 7 Raise the head of the bed after positioning the resident on the bedpan, and lower the head of the bed before removing bedpan?
    • 8 Ask resident to call when finished or if needs help, leaving call light within the resident’s reach before leaving resident to use bedpan?
    • 9 Leave toilet paper within resident's reach before leaving resident to use bedpan?
    • 10 Wear gloves when removing bedpan and while emptying and cleaning bedpan?
    • 11 Empty contents of bedpan into toilet, rinse bedpan pouring contents into toilet, and dry bedpan?
    • 12 Offer resident damp washcloth or paper towel, or hand wipe, to cleanse hands after bedpan used, before end of care?
    • 13 Complete skill storing bedpan and toilet paper, placing soiled linens in hamper, and disposing of trash?
    • 14 Keep resident positioned a safe distance from the edge of the bed at all times?
    • 15 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 16 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 17 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 18 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 19 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  5. Change bed linen while the resident remains in bed:

    The candidate is asked to change the top and bottom sheets and pillow case on the bed while the resident stays in the bed. The role of the resident is played by a person
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name and introduce self?(IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Keep resident positioned a safe distance from the edge of the bed at all times?
    • 4 Remove and replace bottom sheet on one side of the bed, before turning resident to remove and replace sheet on the other side of the bed?
    • 5 Keep resident positioned on a bottom sheet throughout procedure?
    • 6 Secure bottom sheet to mattress (e.g., for fittedsheet secure over all four corners of the mattress; for flat sheet, tuck at head of bed and on sides and extend toward bottom of mattress so that resident’s heels are not against any exposed mattress)?
    • 7 Leave bottom sheet free of creases or folds?
    • 8 Turn or position resident to remove or replacesheet(s) without pulling sheets in a manner that creates friction and risks skin shearing?
    • 9 Replace the top sheet over resident with a clean sheet?
    • 10 Tuck top sheet under foot of mattress leaving sheet placed loosely, avoiding pressure against toes and allowing for foot movement?
    • 11 Leave top sheet placed on top of resident to coverbody up to shoulder level, without tucking in along sides?
    • 12 Keep pillow positioned under resident’s head throughout and at the end of the procedure, except when removed briefly to replace pillowcase?
    • 13 Complete procedure with resident positioned between the top and bottom sheet?
    • 14 Complete skill placing soiled linens in hamper and disposing of trash?
    • 15 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 16 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 17 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
  6. Change resident’s position to a supported side-lying position.

    The candidate is asked to change the position of a resident who is lying on his/her back, to a side-lying position. The resident requires support to remain positioned on the side. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Assist resident with turning onto side before placing positioning devices?
    • 4 Keep resident positioned a safe distance from the edge of the bed at all times?
    • 5 Use positioning device/padding or pillow under or against resident’s back that maintains side-lying position?
    • 6 Leave resident positioned on side with upper knee bent in front of the lower leg?
    • 7 Support resident’s top leg by placing device(s)/padding or pillow(s) between legs?
    • 8 Position device(s)/padding or pillow(s) placed between legs so that bony prominences of the knees and ankles are separated?
    • 9 Leave the resident positioned on side without lying on the shoulder, arm, and hand?
    • 10 Leave pillow placed under head positioned to also support the resident’s neck and chin?
    • 11 Place device/padding or pillow positioned to support the resident’s upper arm, supporting both the shoulder and arm?
    • 12 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 13 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 14 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 15 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 16 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  7. Dress a resident who has a weak arm

    The candidate is asked to put a long-sleeved button-front shirt, pants, and socks on a resident who is lying in bed. The resident is not able to help with the dressing and has a weak arm. A mannequin is used for the role of the resident.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Include resident in decision-making about clothing to wear?
    • 4 Collect all garments before removing hospital gown?
    • 5 Support affected arm while undressing and dressing?
    • 6 Remove hospital gown?
    • 7 Dress affected arm first?
    • 8 Gather up sleeve to ease pulling over affected arm?
    • 9 Dress resident by putting on pants, shirt with sleeves, and socks?
    • 10 Move resident’s extremities gently without overextension or force when undressing and dressing?
    • 11 Apply clothing correctly (e.g. front of shirt in front),adjust clothing for comfort, neatness, alignment,and close fasteners?
    • 12 Place dirty gown in hamper?
    • 13 Keep resident positioned a safe distance from the edge of the bed at all times?
    • 14 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 15 Use Standard Precautions and infection controlmeasures when providing care? (IC)
    • 16 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 17 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 18 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  8. Empty contents of resident’s urinary drainage bag, and measure and record urine output on an Intake and Output (I&O) form

    The candidate is asked to empty the resident’s urinary drainage bag into a graduate container and to measure the amount of urine. An Intake and Output (I&O) Form(see sample on website) is provided to record the measurement. The output should be recorded as urine and the correct time recorded for the measurement. The role of the resident is played by either a person or mannequin.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduceself? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about carebefore beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Wear gloves while handling the urinary drainage bag, graduate, and bedpan (if used), and remove gloves before documenting I&O?
    • 4 Set graduate or bed pan on barrier placed on floor and empty full contents of drainage bag into the graduate or bed pan?
    • 5 Empty contents of urinary drainage bag without contaminating drainage tube (e.g., touchingcontainer) and close and protect drain (e.g.,clamp and tuck drain into pocket) after emptying drainage bag?
    • 6 Set graduate on flat surface protected with barrier to read, obtaining measurement by reading graduate at eye level, and if urine poured into graduate from a bed pan, complete task over toilet pouring the full amount of urine into the graduate?
    • 7 Empty urine in graduate into toilet after measuring, rinse and dry container, pouring rinse water into toilet?
    • 8 Record output with clean hands?
    • 9 Record output within +/- 50cc's of nurse’s measurement?
    • 10 Record output as urine and indicate the correct time on the I&O form?
    • 11 Leave bag hanging from bed frame (not siderail), and drainage bag and tubing off (not touching) the floor?
    • 12 Keep urinary drainage bag positioned lower than bladder throughout care?
    • 13 Complete skill having stored equipment, placing soiled linens in hamper, and disposing of trash?
    • 14 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)15 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 16 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 17 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 18 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  9. Feed a resident who is sitting in a chair

    The candidate is asked to feed a snack to a resident who is not able to feed him/herself. The resident is sitting in a chair in a slouched position. A Food and Fluid IntakeForm (sample provided on the website) is provided to record the resident’s estimated food and fluid intake. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Assist or cue resident to sit upright in chair before feeding?
    • 4 Offer and assist resident to wash hands before feeding using a damp washcloth, paper towel, or hand wipe?
    • 5 Sit at eye level while feeding the resident?
    • 6 Offer to protect resident’s clothing with a clothing protector before feeding, and if used, remove at the end of feeding?
    • 7 Use spoon to feed?
    • 8 Offer fluids to drink throughout feeding; at least every 2-3 bites of food?
    • 9 Allow resident the opportunity to swallow before feeding the next bite?
    • 10 Converse with resident during meal(e.g., encourage intake)?
    • 11 Leave area around resident’s mouth clean and dry when care completed?
    • 12 Complete skill placing any used linen in hamper,disposing of trash, and leaving overbed table dry?
    • 13 Record the amount of the resident’s food intake on the Food and Fluid Intake Form within 25% of the nurse’s measurement?
    • 14 Record the amount of the resident’s fluid intake on the Food and Fluid Intake Form within 25% of the nurse’s measurement?
    • 15 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 16 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 17 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 18 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 19 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  10. Measure and record a resident’s radial pulse

    The candidate is asked to take the resident’s radial pulse, measured at the wrist. The pulse should be counted for one full minute. A Measurement Form (sample provided on the website) is provided to record the resident’s pulse rate. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Support resident’s arm in manner to avoid dangling while pulse is taken?
    • 4 Use fingers (not thumb) to take pulse?
    • 5 Places fingers on wrist at radial pulse to measure pulse rate?
    • 6 Count pulse for one full minute?
    • 7 Record resident’s pulse rate on Measurement Form within +/- 4 beats per minute of nurse’s measurement?
    • 8 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 9 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 10 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
  11. Measure and record a resident’s respirations

    The candidate is asked to count the resident’s respirations. The respirations should be counted for one full minute. During the test, since this skill is tested separately from the measure and record pulse skill, candidates are allowed to tell the resident that his/her pulse is being counted or vital signs taken, instead of stating that respirations are being counted. A Measurement Form (sample provided on the website) is provided to record the resident’s respiration rate. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Measure rate of respirations without providing instructions to resident about how to breathe?
    • 4 Count respirations for one full minute?
    • 5 Record resident’s respiration rate on Measurement Form within +/- 2 breaths per minute of nurse’s measurement?
    • 6 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 7 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 8 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 9 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 10 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  12. Provide catheter care to a female resident who has an indwelling urinary catheter

    The candidate is asked to provide catheter care to a female resident who has an indwelling urinary catheter. Soap and water should be used for the catheter care. For testing purposes, only the cleansing of the front perinealarea and catheter are evaluated; cleansing of the rectal area and buttocks is not tested in this skill. A mannequin is used for the role of the resident.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Wear gloves while providing catheter care, cleaning equipment, and handling soiled under pads, washcloths, and towels?
    • 4 Position towel or underpad under buttocks/thigh area before cleansing, and when care completed remove towel or underpad, or leave resident on a dry underpad?
    • 5 Use water of safe temperature for washing and rinsing?
    • 6 Use soapy washcloth to clean inside labia?
    • 7 Change spot on soapy washcloth for each washing stroke, wiping from front to back when cleansing inside labia?
    • 8 Cleanse catheter using clean area of wash cloth, washing away from body and down the catheter atleast 3-4 inches?
    • 9 Use clean soap-free wet washcloth to remove soap?
    • 10 Change spot on washcloth for each rinsing stroke, wiping front to back inside labia, and away from body when rinsing catheter?
    • 11 Dry perineal area, from front to back after completing cleansing and rinsing?
    • 12 Leave tubing free of kinks or obstructions, and keep tubing and urinary drainage bag off floor?
    • 13 Keep urinary drainage bag positioned lower than bladder throughout procedure?
    • 14 Complete skill having rinsed, dried and stored basin, placing soiled linens in hamper, disposing of trash, and leaving overbed table dry?
    • 15 Keep resident positioned a safe distance from the edge of the bed at all times?
    • 16 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 17 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 18 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 19 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)20 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  13. Provide foot care to a resident who is sitting in a chair

    The candidate is asked to provide foot care to a resident. Soap and water is used and foot care is provided to only one foot. The resident is sitting in a chair. The resident’s sock and shoe are replaced at the end of the skill. Theresident role is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name and introduce self?(IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Place water filled basin on protective barrier on floor to prepare for foot care?
    • 4 Use water of safe temperature for soaking foot?
    • 5 Soak resident’s foot in basin of water?
    • 6 Use soapy washcloth to wash foot without adding soap directly to basin of water?
    • 7 Wash top and bottom of foot and between toes?
    • 8 Remove soap from foot including between toes?
    • 9 Dry entire top and bottom of foot including between toes?
    • 10 Warm lotion before applying to foot (e.g., warmingin hands, placing bottle in warm water)?
    • 11 Apply lotion to top and bottom of foot, excluding between toes?
    • 12 Remove visible excess lotion from foot if present after applying?
    • 13 Apply sock to foot leaving sock smooth, and replace shoe; leaving any fasteners, such as ties, secured?
    • 14 Provide support to lower extremity through out procedure as needed to avoid strain?
    • 15 Avoid placing resident’s barefoot directly on floor before, during or after foot care?
    • 16 Complete skill having rinsed, dried and stored basin, placing soiled linens in hamper, and disposing of trash?
    • 17 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 18 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 19 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 20 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 21 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC
  14. Provide mouth care to a resident who has a denture

    A resident is sitting at an overbed table and the resident’s denture is in a denture cup. The resident is not able to provide own mouth or denture care. The resident’s denture needs to be cleaned and the resident needs mouth care. The denture is stored in a denture cup after cleaning. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name and introduce self?(IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Wear gloves when handling denture, providing mouth care, and rinsing equipment?
    • 4 Protect denture from damage while cleaning by lining sink, filling sink with water, or holding denture directly over basin?
    • 5 Protect denture from contamination (e.g., use a barrier when setting denture on surfaces, avoid placing or rinsing denture in sink water)?
    • 6 Use cool or tepid running water to clean and rinse denture?
    • 7 Brush all surfaces of the denture using a tooth brush or denture brush with tooth paste?
    • 8 Rinse denture to remove tooth paste?
    • 9 Handle clean denture maintaining cleanliness after brushed, placing denture in denture cup filled with clean cool or tepid water?
    • 10 Leave denture cup on resident’s bed side cabinet or overbed table unless following resident’s preference about where denture cup should be stored?
    • 11 Protect resident’s clothing before providing mouth care and remove protective cover when care is completed?
    • 12 Provide mouth care cleaning upper and lower gums, using moistened foam-tipped applicator or toothbrush with toothpaste?
    • 13 Offer resident cup of water to rinse mouth after mouth care?
    • 14 Provide emesis basin or disposable cup to resident to use for spitting as needed?
    • 15 Leave area around resident’s mouth clean and dry when care is completed?
    • 16 Complete skill having rinsed, dried and stored basin(if used), emptying sink of water and removing barrier from sink (if used), placing soiled linens in hamper, disposing of trash, and leaving overbed table dry?
    • 17 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 18 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 19 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 20 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 21 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  15. Provide mouth care to a resident who has teeth

    A resident who has his/her natural teeth is lying in bed and needs mouth care. The resident is not able to provide own mouth care. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Assist resident to sitting position in bed by raising HOB and using pillows as needed to position resident upright at 60° to 90° before offering fluid or brushing teeth?
    • 4 Protect resident’s clothing before providing mouthcare and remove protective cover when care completed?
    • 5 Moisten toothbrush with water and apply tooth paste before brushing teeth?
    • 6 Wear gloves when brushing resident’s teeth and wear through out mouth care including when rinsing basin and toothbrush?
    • 7 Brush sides and biting surfaces of teeth and the gum line with a gentle motion?
    • 8 Offer resident cup of water to rinse mouth after brushing?
    • 9 Provide resident an emesis basin or disposable cup to use for spitting as needed, such as after rinsing mouth?
    • 10 Leave area around resident’s mouth clean and drywhen care completed?
    • 11 Complete skill having rinsed, dried and stored basin, placing soiled linens in hamper, disposing of trash, and leaving overbed table dry?
    • 12 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 13 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 14 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 15 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 16 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  16. Provide perineal care to a female resident who is incontinent of urine

    The candidate is asked to provide perineal care to a resident who is incontinent of urine. The resident is lyingin on an underpad and is wearing a hospital-style gown that is dry. A mannequin is used for the role of the resident.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name and introduce self?(IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Wear gloves while providing perineal care, cleaning equipment, and handling soiled underpads, washcloths and towels?
    • 4 Remove soiled underpad and replace with dry underpad before beginning cleansing? 5 Use water of safe temperature for washing and rinsing?
    • 6 Use soapy wash cloth to wash front perineum to include genital and skin fold areas of groin?
    • 7 Change spot on wash cloth for washing and rinsing strokes when cleansing inside the vulva? 8 Wipe from front to back with all washing and rinsing strokes when cleansing the front perineum, to include the genital and skin fold areas of groin?
    • 9 Use clean, soap-free, wet wash cloth to remove soap from resident’s skin on front perineum?
    • 10 Dry front perineum after washed and rinsed, using towel to pat dry, moving from front to back?
    • 11 Replace water in basin during care if it becomes cold or soapy?
    • 12 Position resident on side to prepare for cleansing of buttocks and rectal area?
    • 13 Wash, rinse, and dry buttocks and rectal area?
    • 14 Wipe from front to back with all washing and rinsing strokes when cleansing the rectal area?
    • 15 Leave resident on dry underpad at completion of procedure?
    • 16 Complete skill having rinsed, dried and stored basin, placing soiled linens in hamper, disposing of trash, and leaving overbed table dry?
    • 17 Keep resident positioned a safe distance from the edge of the bed at all times?
    • 18 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 19 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 20 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 21 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 22 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  17. Provide resident hand and nail care

    The candidate is asked to provide hand and nail care to one hand. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Use water of safe temperature for soaking fingers or hand?
    • 4 Place fingers or full hand into basin of water to soak before removing residue from under nails?
    • 5 Clean hand surfaces using wet washcloth, cleaning between fingers, and if soap used, rinse or remove soap using a clean, soap-free, wet washcloth?
    • 6 Use flat edge of orangewood stick to removeresidue under tips of each fingernail, and remove residue from edge of orangewood stick, if present, before using again to clean under another fingernail?
    • 7 Rest resident’s hand on barrier such as a dry towel once removed from basin while providing nail and hand care?
    • 8 Dry hand before completing care?
    • 9 Leave nails smooth (e.g., free of jagged edges)?
    • 10 Apply lotion to cleaned hand after nail carefinished?
    • 11 Support resident’s arm if raised off table when providing nail and hand care?
    • 12 Remove visible excess lotion from hand if present at completion of hand care?
    • 13 Complete skill having rinsed, dried and stored basin, placing soiled linens in hamper, disposing of trash, and leaving overbed table dry?
    • 14 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 15 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 16 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed?
  18. Provide resident a partial bed bath and back rub

    The candidate is asked to bathe a resident who is in bed and who is not able to help with his/her bathing. For testing purposes only, the candidate is asked to wash just part of the body so that technique can be evaluated. Instructions ask the candidate to wash the resident’s face, neck, back, one hand and arm, and the chest and abdomen. Soap and water should be used for the bathing. The resident also needs a back rub. When completing the skill, the mannequin is dressed in a clean hospital-style gown. A mannequin is used for the role of the resident.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name and introduce self?(IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Use water of safe temperature for washing and rinsing?
    • 4 Cleanse eyes by using soap-free wash cloth wiping eye from the inside corner to the outside corner, changing to clean area of wash cloth before returning to inner corner and before cleansing the other eye? 5 Wash resident’s face using a soap-free wet wash cloth, unless certain resident’s preference to use soap before washing face?
    • 6 Leave face dry after washing?
    • 7 Contain corners of washcloth while washing andrinsing (e.g., forming mitt)?
    • 8 Protect bed linen from becoming wet during washing and rinsing of body (non-face)?
    • 9 Wash resident’s body (non-face) using a wet washcloth with small amount of soap?
    • 10 Use clean, soap-free, wet wash cloth to remove soap from resident’s skin?
    • 11 Wash and rinse resident’s neck, hand, arm, chest, and abdomen?
    • 12 Dry neck, hand, arm, chest, and abdomen?
    • 13 Support arm if raised off bed to wash, rinse, and dry the back side of arm?
    • 14 Assist resident to turn onto side before cleansing back?
    • 15 Wash, rinse, and dry back?
    • 16 Replace basin of water during task if it becomes cold or soapy?
    • 17 Warm lotion before applying to resident’s back (e.g., warming in hands, placing bottle in warm water)?
    • 18 Use lotion to provide back rub with long gliding and circular motions?
    • 19 Place clean hospital gown on resident and secure gown in back?20 Complete skill having rinsed, dried and stored basin, placing soiled linens in hamper, disposing of trash, and leaving overbed table dry?
    • 21 Keep resident positioned a safe distance from the edge of the bed at all times?
    • 22 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 23 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 24 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 25 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 26 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC
  19. Provide resident with passive range of motion (ROM) exercises to one elbow and wrist

    The candidate is asked to provide range of motion exercise to a resident who is not able to help with the exercises. The resident needs his/her elbow flexed and extended, and the wrist flexed and hyper extended. For testing purposes, the resident needs three repetitions of both exercises. The instructions provided at the test site will indicate whether the exercise is to the left or right side. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduceself? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Exercise correct joints and only correct side when performing range of motion (ROM)?
    • 4 Support extremity to protect the working joint through out ROM exercises?
    • 5 Bend and straighten arm at elbow through ROM(flexion/extension)?
    • 6 Move wrist through ROM by bending wrist to move hand down and back (flexion and hyperextension)?
    • 7 Ask resident to report discomfort during ROM or ask if resident has discomfort during ROM exercises?
    • 8 Control extremity throughout ROM exercises providing smooth, slow, non-forceful movement?
    • 9 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 10 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 11 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 12 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 13 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  20. Provide resident with passive range of motion(ROM) exercises to one shoulder

    The candidate is asked to provide range of motionexercise to a resident who is not able to help with the exercises. The resident needs his/her shoulder flexed and extended, and abducted and adducted. For testing purposes, the resident needs three repetitions of both exercises. The instructions provided at the test site will indicate whether the exercise is to the left or right side. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care beforebeginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Exercise correct joints and only correct side when performing range of motion (ROM)?
    • 4 Support extremity to protect the working joint throughout ROM exercises?
    • 5 Move shoulder through ROM, raising and lowering arm along side, toward head of bed (HOB) and back to mattress (flexion/extension)?
    • 6 Move resident’s shoulder through ROM taking arm away from side and back to side (abduction/adduction)?7 Ask resident to report discomfort during ROM or ask if resident has discomfort during ROMexercises?
    • 8 Control extremity throughout ROM exercises providing smooth, slow, non-forceful movement?
    • 9 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 10 Use Standard Precautions and infection controlmeasures when providing care? (IC)
    • 11 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care orbefore care completed? (IC)
    • 12 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 13 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  21. Provide resident with passive range of motion(ROM) exercises to one hip, knee and ankle

    The candidate is asked to provide range of motion exercise to a resident who is not able to help with the exercises. The resident needs his/her hip and knee flexed and extended, and dorsi flexion and plantar flexion to the ankle. For testing purposes, the resident needs three repetitions of both exercises. The instructions provided at the test site will indicate whether the exercise is to the left or right side. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name, and introduce self? (IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Exercise correct joints and only correct side when performing range of motion (ROM)? Provide resident with passive range of motion (ROM) exercises to one hip, knee and ankle
    • 4 Support extremity to protect the working joint throughout ROM exercises?
    • 5 Move resident’s hip and knee through ROM, flexing knee and hip, raising toward torso and returning back to mattress (flexion/extension)?
    • 6 Support extremity to prevent heel friction against mattress during ROM exercises?
    • 7 Move resident’s foot up toward head and point down toward the mattress through ROM (dorsiflexion/plantar flexion)?
    • 8 Ask resident to report discomfort during ROM or ask if resident has discomfort during ROM exercises?
    • 9 Control extremity throughout ROM exercises providing smooth, slow, non-forceful movement?
    • 10 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 11 Use Standard Precautions and infection control
    • measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 12 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 13 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 14 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)
  22. Transfer the resident from the bed into a wheelchair using a pivot technique and a transfer/gait belt


    The candidate is asked to transfer a resident who is lying in bed, into a wheelchair. A pivot transfer technique is required and a transfer/gait belt is required. The resident is able to stand but cannot take steps. The role of the resident is played by a person.
    • 1 Greet resident, address by name and introduce self?(IC)
    • 2 Provide explanations to resident about care before beginning and during care? (IC)
    • 3 Place wheelchair near resident’s bed before assisting resident to sit at edge of bed?
    • 4 Move wheelchair foot rests out of the way before standing resident for transfer (e.g., lift, swing, or remove)?
    • 5 Place nonskid footwear (e.g., shoes) on resident before standing resident for transfer?
    • 6 Provide support to assist resident to sitting position on side of bed, without pulling resident by lower arms or hands?
    • 7 Provide resident opportunity to sit on side of bed to adjust to change in position before beginningtransfer?
    • 8 Position resident’s feet flat on the floor before standing to begin transfer?
    • 9 Prepare for transfer by positioning wheelchair with front interior wheel close enough to bed so thattransfer can be completed as a pivot?
    • 10 Lock wheelchair before standing resident to begin transfer?
    • 11 Apply transfer/gait belt before standing resident, placing around the resident’s waist and overclothing, secured so that only flat fingers/hand fit under belt, and the belt does not catch skin or skinfolds (e.g. breast tissue)?
    • 12 Provide cue or signal to resident before assisting to stand?
    • 13 Stand in front of resident reaching under resident’s arms to hold transfer/gait belt at sides or around back through out transfer?
    • 14 Brace one or both of resident’s legs during transfer while assisting to stand, turn, and sit?
    • 15 Maintain own body mechanics when assisting resident to stand, turn, and sit?
    • 16 Transfer resident as a pivot completed without having resident take step(s) to reach wheelchair,and before assisting resident to sit in wheelchair, positions with the back of resident’s legs againstthe seat of wheelchair?
    • 17 Support resident to provide for controlled gentle lowering into seat of wheelchair?
    • 18 Leave resident positioned in wheelchair in properbody alignment, hips against back of seat, and feet on footrests?
    • 19 Remove transfer/gait belt from resident’s waist without harming resident (e.g., pulling transfer/gaitbelt) when transfer is complete?
    • 20 Ask resident about preferences during care? (IC)
    • 21 Use Standard Precautions and infection control measures when providing care? (IC)
    • 22 Ask resident about comfort or needs during care or before care completed? (IC)
    • 23 Promote resident’s rights during care? (IC)
    • 24 Promote resident’s safety during care? (IC)

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