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2012-08-21 16:46:13

Chapter 14
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  1. youth training:
    • 2-5 days per week
    • 50-90% max heart rate
    • 30-120 min per day
    • -based on postural control and not the amount of weight that can be used. MAKE IT FUN
  2. seniors
    • 1 in 5 r seniors
    • 2-5 days per week
    • 40-85% of vo3 peak
  3. obesity
    • 33% of adult pop.
    • 15% of childer older than 6
    • 60-80% of max heart rate
    • *talk test
  4. diabetes:
    • chronic metabolic disorder, caused by insulin deficiency, which impairs carbohydrates usage and enhances usage of fat and protein
    • 6% of population
    • hyper - high blood sugar
    • hypo - low blood sugar
  5. hypertension:
    • raised systemic arterial blood pressure, whcih if sustained at a high enough level, is likely to induce cardiovascular or end-organ damage
    • b-blockers (blunt the heart rate due to exercise)
  6. avg healthy blood pressure:
    120-80 mm Hg
  7. coronary heart disease
    • 40% of deaths annually
    • consult w/ physician
  8. osteopenia
    decrease in calcification or density of bone as well as reduced bone mass
  9. osteoporosis:
    • is a decrease in bone mass and density as well as an increase in the space btwn bones, resulting in porosity and fragility
    • Type I: mos common postmenopausal women.. deficit in estrogen. decrease in bone mineral density
    • Type II: 70 or older
    • neck/femur/lumbar vertebrae
  10. arthritis
    • chronic inflammation of the joints
    • 50% of persons older than 65
    • 15% of pop
  11. osteoarthritis
    • cartilage becomes soft, frayed, or thins out, as a result of trauma or other conditions.
    • -hands, knees, hips and spine
  12. rheumatoid arthritis
    • affecting connective tissues, in which there is a thickening of articular soft tissue, and extension of synovial tissue over articular cartilages that have become eroded
    • -degenerative joint diseas, immune system attacks own tissue
  13. cancer:
    • malignant neoplasms, invade surrounding tissues, may mestatsize to several sites, likely to recur after attempted removal and to cause death.
    • -second leading cause of death
  14. women and pregnancy
    after 12 weeks *third trimester no prone or supine postions.
  15. restrictive lung disease:
    fibrous lung tissue, which results in a decreased ability to expand the lungs
  16. obstructed lung disease:
    altered airflow through the lungs, generally caused by airway obstruction asĀ  a result of mucus production.
  17. intermittent claudication
    manifestation of the symptoms caused by peripheral arterial disease
  18. peripheral arterial disease
    narrowing of the major arteries that are responsible for supplying blood to the lower extremities.