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Who was Man Ray?
- American Photographer
- film collages
- associated with Avant Gard movement in Paris
- Most famous film - "Return to Reason"
Characteristics of screwball comedy.
- Subgenre of comedy
- Slapstick hummor and witty dialogue
- "It Happened one Night"
- "His Girl Friday"
What is neorealism?
- A cultural movement that brings elements of true life in the stories it describes, rather than a world mainly existing in imagination only.
- "Bicycle Theives" - Desica
Who is the father of Italian neorealism? What 3 things did his manifesto include?
- 1. No professional actors
- 2. No contrapt plots
- 3. No on location shooting
What are the Japanese genres?
- Jidai-geki: historical films
- Chambara: swordfight movies
- Gendi-geki: contemporary stories
- Shomin-geki: ordinary daily life
Who was the most well known Japanese director? His notable film?
What do Japanese films focus on?
- Family crisis
- Explore dramatic issues
- Resignation to life's painful challenges
- Exploration of everyday life
1st black director
"The Learning Tree"
Why is "Shaft" important?
First Blacksploitation studio produced film
What is blacksploitation?
The portrayal of blacks and their stereotypes on the bigscreen
What is film noir?
- Stylish Hollywood crime dramas, particularly those that emphasize cynical attitudes and sexual motivations.
- Setting: urban, city
- Motivates characters: greed, ambition
What is a femme fatal?
- A strong independent woman character
- Protrayed during WWII era movies
- Based on anxiety about women's roles after war
Characteristics of German Expressionism.
- Against physical realism
- Inter emotional reality
- Mise en scene
- Stylized sets
- Un-natural acting style
- Chiaroscuro lighting - light to dark
- Long shots
- Slowly paced editing
- Framed stories
What is mise-en-scene?
Everything on the screen that gives meaning
What are Solanos and Gentino known for?
- The third cinema manifesto
- "Towards a Third Cinema"
- Said that: third cinema is a cinema of national or cultural self - deifnition
- "Hour of the Furnace"
What are characteristics of third cinema?
- Told new stories in a different way
- Outside standard systems of production
- Non- CHC norms (non-linear, collectives instead of individuals)
- Social or political commentary
- Associated with underdeveloped emerging nations but not restricted to 3rd world
First cinema, Second cinema, Third cinema
- Cinema of national or cultural self-definition
What is Avant Garde?
- Creation of new forms
- Manipulation of shapes and colors
- Unique comparisons and combinations
- Not external reality; visual sensation
- Depiction of subconscience
What is magical realism?
Reality and fantasy together
What cinema is magical realism associated with? Give an example of film.
- Latin America cinema
- "Pan's Labyrinth"
Characteristics of post-war Hindi films.
- Complete spectacle
- Romantic or sentimental main plot
- Comic subplot
- Happy ending
- Average 6 songs; 3 dances per film
What are characteristics associated with Robert Drew?
- Drew and Associates
- Way of telling dramatic stories
- Crisis structure
- High stakes situations
- Arises viewers emotions
- Director focuses on getting truthful responses
Nanook of the North
- Robert Flaherty
- Docementary on Inuit Family
- Co-founder of cinemathuque francaise
- Taboo material; social violence
- Theatre of cruelty
- Aesthetic of the horror
- "Blood of the Beasts"
Characteristics of left bank directors.
- Started with documentaries
Characteristics of right bank directors. (cahiers du cinema)
- Film critics
Journal that started French New Wave
Significance of "The Graduate"
- Hollywood rebirth film
- Dealing with inner-generation sex and romance