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Beneficence and Nonmaleficence
- Psychologists strive to benefit those with whom
- they work and take care to do no harm.
a drowning victim, providing vaccinations for the general population,
encouraging a patient to quit smoking and start an exercise program, talking to
the community about STD prevention?
- Beneficence vs.
- ◦ Psychologists establish relationships of trust with
- those with whom they work. They are aware of their professional and
- ◦ scientific responsibilities to society and to the
- specific communities in which they work. Psychologists uphold professional
- ◦ standards of conduct, clarify their professional
- roles and obligations, accept appropriate responsibility for their behavior,
- ◦ seek to manage conflicts of interest that could
- lead to exploitation or harm.
- ◦ Psychologists seek to promote accuracy, honesty,
- and truthfulness in the science, teaching, and practice of psychology. In
- ◦ these activities psychologists do not steal, cheat,
- or engage in fraud, subterfuge, or intentional misrepresentation of fact.
- Psychologists recognize that fairness and justice entitle all persons to access to and benefit from the contributions of
- psychology and to equal quality in the processes, procedures, and services being conducted by psychologists. Psychologists
- exercise reasonable judgment and take precautions to ensure that their potential biases, the boundaries of their competence,
- and the limitations of their expertise do not lead to or condone unjust practices.
Respect for People's Rights and Dignity
Psychologists respect the dignity and worth of all people, and the rights of individuals to privacy, confidentiality, and self-
- determination. Psychologists are aware that special safeguards may be necessary to protect the rights and welfare of persons
- or communities whose vulnerabilities impair autonomous decision making. Psychologists are aware of and respect cultural,
- individual, and role differences, including those based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin,
- religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, and socioeconomic status and consider these factors when working with
- members of such groups
rights of individuals to privacy, confidentiality, and self-determination
Respect for People’s Rights and Dignity
accuracy, honesty, and truthfulness in the science, teaching, and practice of psychology
the principle is foundational for the tradition’s understanding of distributive justice, the common good, the right to life and the right to health care. Other perspectives, both religious and secular, may conceive of human dignity in similar terms with a similar sense of its inherent worth or value and other implications, but may posit different sources for that dignity.
PSC seek to promote accuracy and honisty...
Fidelity and Responsibility
Psychologists consult with, refer to, or cooperate with other
professionals and institutions to the extent needed to serve the
best interests of those with whom they work.
They are concerned about the ethical compliance of their
colleagues’ scientific and professional conduct.
Fidelity and responsibility
Psychologists exercise reasonable judgment and take
precautions to ensure that their potential biases, the
boundaries of their competence, and the limitations of their
expertise do not lead to or condone unjust practices.