SUR 131

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Author:
suprstar77
ID:
166959
Filename:
SUR 131
Updated:
2012-08-22 00:33:44
Tags:
Terminology Asepsis Sterile Technique
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Description:
Terminology of Asepsis and Sterile Technique
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  1. Substance commonly used on living tissue to inhibit the growth and reproduction of microbes to prevent infection.
    Antiseptic
  2. Absence of pathogenic microorganisms.
    Asepsis
  3. Methods practiced by the surgical team to prevent microbial contamination of the surgical environment.
    Aseptic technique
  4. Substance that destroys/kills bacteria.
    Bacteriocidal
  5. Substance that inhibits the growth and reproduction of bacteria.
    Bacteriostatic
  6. The number of microbes or amount of organic debris on an object at any given time
    Bioburden.
  7. The presence of pathogenic materials.
    Contamination
  8. The contamination of a person or object by another.
    Cross-contamination
  9. To reduc to an irreducible minimum the presence of pathogenic material.
    Decontamination
  10. Chemical agent that kills most microbes, but usually not spores; usually based on inanimate objects because these compounds are too strong to be used on living tissues.
    Disinfectant
  11. Sterility determined by how a package is handled rather than time elapsed; a package is considered sterile until opened or the integrity of packaging material is damaged.
    Event-related sterility
  12. Inanimate object that harbors microorganisms.
    Fomite
  13. Agent that destroys fungus.
    Fungicide
  14. Invasion of the human body or tissue by pathogenic microorganisms that reproduce and mulitiply, causin disease.
    Infection
  15. Infection acquired within a health care facility.
    Nosocomial
  16. Any microbe capable of causing disease.
    Pathogen
  17. Microbes that normally reside below the skin surface or within the body.
    Resident flora
  18. Infection, usually accompanied by fever, that results from the presence of pathogenic microorganisms.
    Sepsis
  19. A resistant form of certain types of bacteria that are able to survive in adverse condition.
    Spore
  20. Substance that kills/destroys bacteria in the spore stage.
    Sporicide
  21. Having been rendered free of all living microorganisms, including spores.
    Sterile
  22. Specified area, usually the area immediately around the patient, that is considered free of microorganisms.
    Sterile field
  23. Techniques of creating a sterile field fand performing within the sterile field to keep microbes at an irreducible minimum.
    Sterile Technique
  24. The destruction of all microorganisms, including spores, on inanimate surfaces through the use of steam or chemical sterilization, electron bombardment, or irradiation.
    Sterilization
  25. Contamination of a sterile field that occurs through the passage of fluid through, or a puncture in, a microbial barrier.
    Strike-through contamination
  26. Mechanically cleaned and chemically disinfected but not sterile.
    Surgically clean
  27. To render items safe to handle by high-level disinfection.
    Terminal disinfection
  28. To render items safe to handle by sterilization.
    Terminal Sterilization
  29. Microbes that reside on the skin surface and are easily removed.
    Transient flora
  30. Living carrier that transmits disease.
    Vector
  31. Agent that destroys viruses.
    Virucide

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