neuro 2.txt

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celloboy7
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neuro 2.txt
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2012-08-22 02:14:21
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Neuroscience
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Neuroscience exam
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  1. 1. Superior oblique muscle is most closely associated with
    Trochlear nerve
  2. 2. Lens diameter (convexity) is most closely associated with :
    Edinger Westphal nucleus
  3. 3. Iris constrictor muscle (sphincter muscle of pupil) is most closely associated with:
    Edinger Westphal nucleus
  4. 4. Convergence is most closely associated with
    oculomotor nerve
  5. 5. Pupillary dilation is most closely associated with
    cervical sympathetic trunk *
  6. 6. Bitemporal hemianopia is most closely associated with
    optic chiasma
  7. 7. Left visual field is represented in the
    right lateral geniculate nucleus
  8. 8. Interruption of which pathway in the pons will eliminate conjugate horizontal eye movements?
    Medial longitudinal fasciculus
  9. 9. In looking from a distant to a near object, the pupil:
    constricts due to increased oculomotor nerve parasympathetic activity*
  10. 10. Which of the following is most closely associated with ciliac ganglion?
    Postganglionic sympathetic neuron
  11. 11. Spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve would be most closely associated with
    substantia gelatinosa
  12. 14. Diplopia (double vision) due to complete lesion of
    oculomotor nerve
  13. 16. The nucleus that gives origin to most slender cranial nerve is (supplies only one muscle is)
    trochlear nucleus
  14. 17. Cranial nerve nucleus that supplies only one muscle is
    abducent nucleus
  15. 18. optic radiation passes through
    retrolentiform part of internal capsule
  16. 19. Functionally, vestibulocochlear nerve is
    sensory nerve
  17. 20. Nucleus that helps to converge ocular axis for accommodation for a near object is
    Main motor oculomotor nucleus
  18. 21. Accommodation reflex for a near vision in relation to thickening of lens (increasing convexity) is based on the action of one of the
    Edinger Westphal nucleus
  19. 22. Corneal reflex pathway includes the following nucleus (or Nuclei).
    main sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve and main motor nucleus of facial nerve*
  20. 23. Consensual light reflex is related to the following
    nucleus (or nuclei). pretectal nucleus, Westphal nucleus
  21. 24. The important structures related to Visual body reflex include one of the following choices.
    optic tract fibers, superior colliculus, tectobulbar and tectospinal tracts, neurons of anterior grey columns of spinal cord, and some cranial motor nuclei *
  22. 25. ciliary ganglion is related to the pathway for one of the following actions:
    parasympathetic actions related to intrinsic muscle of the eye
  23. 26. Right optic tract contains structures related to one of the following.
    Images from the left visual field
  24. 27. Extrinsic muscles of the eye are controlled by one of the following choices.
    Main motor nucleus of oculomotor nerve, trochlear nucleus, abducent nucleus
  25. 28. trigeminal pontine (main) sensory nucleus is related to one of the following.
    touch and pressure sensation concerning face *
  26. 29. axons from motor trigeminal nucleus enter and pass through the following structures.
    motor root of trigeminal nerve, trigeminal ganglion, mandibular nerve
  27. 30. pain sensation arising from mandibular nerve areas of the face terminate on one of the following choices.
    Upper part of spinal sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  28. 31. 1st order neuron for touch sensation for face region lies in
    Trigeminal ganglion
  29. 32. 2nd order neuron for proprioception for face region lies in one of the following structures.
    Thalamus - Spinal tract of trigeminal nerve
  30. 33. Fibers from the upper retinal quadrant are projected on to the
    Anterior part of the primary visual cortex above calcarine sulcus
  31. 34. trigeminal lemniscus is formed by Fibers arising from
    main sensory nucleus, spinal sensory nucleus and mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  32. 35. Fibers from the macular region of retina are projected on to the structure (or structures) given in
    Primary visual cortex at the occipital pole
  33. 36. Pseudounipolar neurons located in the trigeminal ganglion convey information concerning one of the following choices.
    Touch, pressure, pain, temperature
  34. 37.Sense of proprioception from the face region has two neuron pathways before reaching
    the cerebral cortex
  35. 38. Fibers of the Pretectal nucleus are connected to the contralateral Edinger Westphal nucleus by way of
    posterior commissure
  36. 39. Thickening of lens in accommodation reflex is related to the fibers arising from
    Edinger Westphal nucleus
  37. 40. Ciliary muscles are supplied directly by postganglionic parasympathetic fibers from
    ciliary ganglion
  38. 42. Dilator pupillae muscles are supplied directly by
    postganglionic sympathetic fibers
  39. 43. Smooth muscle part of levator palpabrae superioris is supplied by
    postganglionic sympathetic fibers
  40. 44. Primary somatic sensory neurons for the face region are located in
    trigeminal ganglion and mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  41. 45. Major part of the levator palpabrae superior is controlled by
    main oculomotor nucleus
  42. 46. Some fibers pass from the optic tracts to the superior colliculi.
    Here the impulses are relayed to the tectospinal and tectobulbar (tectonuclear) tracts and to the neurons of the anterior gray columns of the spinal cord, and cranial motor nuclei.
  43. 47. When a bright light is shone in one eye the constriction of pupil in the contralateral eye is called
    consensual light reflex
  44. 48. Thalamic nucleus that receives the synaptic termination of trigeminal lemniscus is
    ventral postero-medial nucleus of thalamus
  45. 49. Optic fibers arising from the inferior retinal quadrant peripheral to the macula terminates on
    anterior part of the primary visual cortex below the calcarine sulcus
  46. 50. Fibers in the optic tract consist of fibers arising from
    ganglion cell neurons of retina
  47. 51. First order sensory neuron incorporated within the central nervous system is
    mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  48. 52. Primary Neurons for proprioceptive sensation for the head region related to ophthalmic division of trigeminal nerve are located in the
    mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  49. 53. Primary Neurons of proprioceptive sensation for the muscles of mastication ( head region related to mandibular division) are located in the
    mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  50. 54. Motor nucleus of facial nerve contains
    lower motor neurons
  51. 55. A lesion of the upper motor neurons of facial nerve of one side will result
    in the Paralysis of muscles in the inferior part of the contralateral side of the
  52. 57. Gustatory nucleus for taste sensation is Located in the
    rostral part of the nucleus tractus solitaries
  53. 58. Ventral posteromedial nucleus of thalamus receives afferent fibers from
    Taste fibers from gustatory nucleus
  54. 59. Central branches of axons geniculate ganglion-neurons terminate on
    Neurons in the superior part of solitary nucleus
  55. 60. Severance of facial nerve above the level of (distal to) nerve to stapedius muscle will result in
    Excessive vibration of tympanic membrane leading to exaggerated hearing loud noise even with low frequency of sound, and loss of taste sensation in the anterior two-thirds of the tongue
  56. 61. Superior salivatory nucleus is concerned with
    Sublingual and submandibular salivary glands
  57. 62. Inferior salivatory nucleus is concerned with
    Parotid gland
  58. 63. parasympathetic system.
    Vagal dorsal motor nucleus
  59. 64. 1st order neurons for taste sensations are located in
    Geniculate ganglion, ganglion of glossopharyngeal nerve, vagus nerve ganglion
  60. 65. Second order neurons for taste sensation are located on one of the following choices.
    Upper part of solitary nucleus
  61. 66. The part of hypoglossal nucleus that supplies one of the following muscles receives its corticonuclear fibers
    ONLY from the opposite cerebral hemisphere. Genioglossus
  62. 67. One of the following groups of muscles will be paralysed if the upper motor neuron connections to the facial motor nucleus are severed in one cerebral hemeisphere.
    Muscles of contralateral lower half of the face
  63. 68. Preganglionic neurons that suppy Parotid gland is located in
    Inferior salivatory nucleus
  64. 69. Fibers carrying general sensation from the area supplied by glossopharyngeal nerve terminate on
    Spinal sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  65. 70. baroreceptor sensation from carotid sinus terminates on
    Lower part of solitary nucleus
  66. 71. parasympathetic postganglionic neurons supplying parotid gland are located in
    Otic ganglion
  67. 72. main motor nucleus of glossopharyngeal nerve is part of
    nucleus ambiguus
  68. 73. Choose the nerve that has only motor function related ONLY to skeletal muscles
    Hypoglossal nerve
  69. 74. Fibers carrying taste sensation form the posterior part of the tongue terminate on
    Upper part of solitary nucleus
  70. 75. Fibers carrying taste sensation form the anterior part of the tongue terminate on
    Upper part of solitary nucleus
  71. 76. Fibers carrying taste sensation form the upper (superior) surface of epiglottis terminate on
    Upper part of solitary nucleus
  72. 77. One of the following nuclei is parasympathetic in function
    Inferior salivatory nucleus
  73. 78. Fibers from One of the following nuclei cross the midline to the opposite side and ascend lateral lemniscus.
    Cochlear nucleus
  74. 79. Fibers carrying Chemoreceptors / baroceptors from carotid body terminate on
    Lower part of solitary nucleus
  75. 80. Fibers carrying Chemoreceptors from aortic body terminate on
    Lower part of solitary nucleus
  76. 81. Fibers carrying baroreceptors from aortic arch terminate on
    Lower part of solitary nucleus
  77. 82. The main nucleus that moves the tongue is
    Hypoglossal nucleus
  78. 85. Diplopia (double vision) is usually the result of
    extraocular muscle imbalance
  79. 87. Homonymous hemianopia is produced by
    Medial longitudinal fasciculus
  80. 88. In looking from a distant to a near object, the pupil: constricts due to increased
    oculomotor nerve parasympathetic activity*
  81. 89. Left visual field is represented in the
    right lateral geniculate nucleus
  82. 91. Optic tract contains fibers that terminate on
    pretectal nucleus and superior colliculus of the midbrain
  83. 92. Retinal fibers from the nasal half of the retina
    cross to the opposite side in the optic chiasma
  84. 93. First order neuron for proprioception from the regions of face is located in The
    mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  85. 94. Trapezoid body is found in
    Pons
  86. 96. Corneal reflex pathway includes one of the following nucleus (or Nuclei).
    main sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve and main motor nucleus of facial nerve
  87. 97.Right optic tract contains structures related to
    Images from the left visual field
  88. 98.Axons from motor trigeminal nucleus enter and pass through the
    motor root of trigeminal nerve, trigeminal ganglion, mandibular nerve
  89. 99. Pain sensation arising from mandibular nerve areas of the face terminate on
    Upper part of spinal sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  90. 100. Second (2nd ) order neuron for proprioception for face region lies in
    Thalamus
  91. 101. Fibers from the upper retinal quadrant are projected on to
    Anterior part of the primary visual cortex above calcarine sulcus
  92. 102. Fibers from the macular region of the retina are projected on to the structure (or structures) given in
    Primary visual cortex at the occipital pole
  93. 103. Ciliary muscles are supplied directly by
    postganglionic parasympathetic fibers from ciliary ganglion
  94. 104. Dilator pupillae muscles are supplied directly by
    postganglionic sympathetic fibers
  95. 105. Smooth muscle part of levator palpabrae superioris is supplied by
    postganglionic sympathetic fibers
  96. 106. Major part of the levator palpabrae superioris is controlled by
    main oculomotor nucleus
  97. 107. Thalamic nucleus that receives the synaptic termination of trigeminal lemniscus is
    ventral postero-medial nucleus of thalamus
  98. 108. Optic fibers arising from the inferior retinal quadrant peripheral to the macula terminates on
    anterior part of the primary visual cortex below the calcarine sulcus
  99. 109. First order sensory neuron incorporated within the central nervous system is
    mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  100. 110. The sensory root of facial nerve contains
    central branch of axon of geniculate ganglion neurons, and efferent fibers from superior salivatory nucleus & lacrimal nucleus
  101. 111. Central branches of axons geniculate ganglion-neurons terminate on
    Neurons in the superior part of solitary nucleus
  102. 112. Severance of facial nerve above the level of (distal to) nerve to stapedius muscle will result in
    Excessive vibration of tympanic membrane leading to exaggerated hearing loud noise even with low frequency of sound, and loss of taste sensation in the anterior two-thirds of the tongue
  103. 113. One of the following structures belongs to parasympathetic system.
    Vagal dorsal motor nucleus
  104. 114. First (1st ) order neurons for taste sensations are located in
    Geniculate ganglion, ganglion of glossopharyngeal nerve, vagus nerve ganglion
  105. 115. The part of hypoglossal nucleus that supplies one of the following muscles receives its corticonuclear fibers ONLY from the
    opposite cerebral hemisphere. Genioglossus
  106. 116. baroreceptor sensation from carotid sinus terminates on
    Lower part of solitary nucleus
  107. 117. parasympathetic second order neurons supplying parotid gland are located in
    Otic ganglion
  108. 118. main motor nucleus of glossopharyngeal nerve is part of
    nucleus ambiguus
  109. 119. Choose the nerve that has only motor function related ONLY to skeletal muscles
    Hypoglossal nerve
  110. 121. One of the following nuclei is parasympathetic in function
    Inferior salivatory nucleus
  111. 126. Fibers carrying Chemoreceptors from carotid body terminate on
    Lower part of solitary nucleus
  112. 127. Fibers carrying Chemoreceptors from aortic body terminate on
    Lower part of solitary nucleus
  113. 128. Fibers carrying baroreceptors from aortic arch terminate on
    Lower part of solitary nucleus
  114. 129. The nuclei associated with facial nerve include the
    Lacrimal nucleus
  115. 130. The cerebral cortex is necessary for which of the following visual reflexes?
    Accommodation reflex
  116. 131. Facial nerve nuclei include Motor nucleus for some facial muscles, parasympathetic nuclei for glands
    submandibular, sublingual and lacrimal glands; and sensory nucleus for taste
  117. 132. Sensory nucleus of facial nerve is the upper part of the
    nucleus of tractus solitarius
  118. 137. Lateral lemniscus concerns with cochlear information going to the
    thalamus
  119. 138. Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information (acoustic radiation) is
    medial geniculate body
  120. 139. Parasympathetic nucleus of glossopharyngeal nerve (inferior salivatory nucleus) supplies
    parotid gland
  121. 140. Main motor nucleus of glossopharyngeal nerve (superior end of nucleus ambiguous) supplies
    stylopharyngeus muscle
  122. 142. Carotid sinus reflex that concerns with regulation of arterial blood pressure is related to the
    glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves
  123. 143. Taste fibers are concerned with the following nucleus in the brain stem:
    nucleus of tractus solitarius
  124. 144. The nerves concerned with taste sensation include
    facial nerve, glossopharyngeal nerve and vagus nerve
  125. 145. One of the cranial nerve motor nuclei gives origin to most slender cranial nerve.
    trochlear nucleus
  126. 146. One of the following Cranial nerve motor nuclei supplies only
    abducent nucleus
  127. 147. optic radiation passes through retrolentiform part of
    internal capsule
  128. 148. Functionally, vestibulocochlear nerve is a
    sensory nerve
  129. 149. Nucleus that is responsible for convergence of ocular axis during accommodation for near objects is
    Main motor oculomotor nucleus
  130. 150. Thickening of lens (increasing convexity) for accommodation reflex from a distant object to a near object is based on the action of
    Edinger Westphal nucleus
  131. 151. Corneal reflex pathway includes the
    ophthalmic nerve, trigeminal ganglion, main sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve, medial longitudinal fasciculus, main motor nucleus of facial nerve, facial nerve
  132. 152. Consensual light reflex is related to the
    pretectal nucleus, Edinger Westphal nucleus
  133. 153. Important structures related to Visual body reflex include
    optic tract fibers, superior colliculus, tectobulbar and tectospinal tracts, neurons of anterior grey columns of spinal cord, and some cranial motor nuclei
  134. 154. Ciliary ganglion is related to the pathway for parasympathetic actions related to
    intrinsic muscle of the eye
  135. 155. Right optic tract contains structures related to Images from the
    left visual field
  136. 156. Extrinsic muscles of the eye (extra-ocular muscles) are controlled by
    Main motor nucleus of oculomotor nerve, trochlear nucleus, abducent nucleus
  137. 157. Trigeminal main sensory nucleus is related to
    touch and pressure sensation concerning face
  138. 158. Axons from motor trigeminal nucleus enter and pass through
    the motor root of trigeminal nerve, trigeminal ganglion, mandibular nerve
  139. 159. Pain sensation arising from mandibular nerve areas of the face terminate on
    Upper part of spinal sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  140. 160. 1st order neuron for touch sensation for face region lies in
    Trigeminal ganglion
  141. 161. Second (2nd ) order neuron for proprioception for face region lies in Thalamus 162. Fibers from the upper retinal quadrant are projected on to
    Anterior part of the primary visual cortex above calcarine sulcus (i.e., upper lip)*
  142. 163. Trigeminal lemniscus is formed by Fibers arising from
    main sensory nucleus, spinal sensory nucleus and mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve
  143. 164. Fibers from the macular region of the retina are projected on to the structure (or structures)
    Primary visual cortex at the occipital pole
  144. 165. Pseudounipolar neurons located in the trigeminal ganglion convey information concerning
    Touch, pressure, pain, temperature
  145. 166. Sense of proprioception from the face region has
    two neuron pathways before reaching the cerebral cortex
  146. 167. Fibers of the Pretectal nucleus are connected to the
    contralateral Edinger Westphal nucleus by way of posterior commissure
  147. 168. Thickening of lens in accommodation reflex is related to the
    fibers arising from Edinger Westphal nucleus
  148. 169. Ciliary muscles are supplied directly by one of the following group of fibers.
    postganglionic parasympathetic fibers from ciliary ganglion
  149. 170. Dilator pupillae muscles are supplied directly by
    postganglionic sympathetic fibers
  150. 171. Smooth muscle part of levator palpabrae superioris is supplied by
    postganglionic sympathetic fibers
  151. 172. After hemorrhage into the left internal capsule in a right handed person, the following sign or symptom might be present in
    Right astereognosis
  152. 173. With loss of the right optic nerve, which of the following would be true during resting?
    Both pupils normal resting size
  153. 174. With loss of right optic nerve, which of the following would be true concerning the reaction to light in the right eye?
    Both pupils normal resting size
  154. 175.With loss of right optic nerve, which of the following would be true concerning the reaction to light in the left eye?
    Both pupils smaller than resting size
  155. 176. With loss of the right cervical sympathetic trunk, which of the following would be true during resting?
    Right pupil smaller than resting size, Left pupil normal resting size
  156. 177. With loss of the right cervical sympathetic trunk, which of the following would be true concerning the reaction to light in the right eye?
    Both pupils smaller than resting size
  157. 178. With loss of the right cervical sympathetic trunk, which of the following would be true concerning the reaction to light in the left eye?
    Both pupils smaller than resting size
  158. 179. With loss of the right oculomotor nerve, which of the following would be true during resting?
    Right pupil larger than resting size, Left pupil normal resting size
  159. 180. With loss of the right oculomotor nerve, which of the following would be true concerning the reaction to light in the right eye?
    Right pupil larger than resting size, Left pupil smaller than resting size
  160. 181. With loss of the right cervical sympathetic trunk, which of the following would be true concerning the reaction to light in the left eye?
    Right pupil larger than resting size, Left pupil smaller than resting size *
  161. 182. With destruction of the right optic nerve:
    A light shined in the left eye will produce constriction of both pupils *

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