Misc

Card Set Information

Author:
jzm4mdd
ID:
166985
Filename:
Misc
Updated:
2012-09-07 07:27:20
Tags:
misc paeds
Folders:

Description:
misc paeds
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jzm4mdd on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Infectious causes of splenomegaly
    • Bacterial: typhoid, endocarditis, septicaemia, abscess.
    • Viral: EBV, CMV and others.
    • Protozoal: malaria, toxoplasmosis.
  2. Haematological causes of splenomegaly
    • Haemolytic anaemia (congenital or acquired).
    • Extramedullary haematopoiesis: thalassaemia, osteopetrosis, myelofibrosis.
    • Polycythaemia
  3. Oncological causes of splenomegaly
    • Malignant: Leukaemia, lymphoma, metastatic disease.
    • Benign: Haemangioma, hamartoma.
  4. Congestive causes of splenomegaly
    • Cirrhosis or hepatic fibrosis.
    • Hepatic, portal or splenic vein obstruction.
    • Congestive heart failure.
  5. Other causes of splenomegaly
    Sickle cell disease SLE, sarcoid, rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic/storage disease
  6. Causes of hypokalaemia
    • Transcellular shifts, for example, alkalosis, insulin, beta-agonists
    • Renal losses, for example, diuresis, diabetic ketoacidosis after therapy, Conn's disease
    • Extrarenal losses, for example, diarrhoea, nasogastric suction
    • Decreased intake, for example, malnutrition, alcoholism.
  7. Hypokalaemia
    U waves on ECG
  8. Hyperkalaemia
    Muscle abnormalities, for example, weakness, paraesthesias and hypoactive reflexes.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview