QUESTIONS

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Author:
shoebox440
ID:
167005
Filename:
QUESTIONS
Updated:
2012-08-22 14:54:21
Tags:
RAD POSITIONING RELATED ANATOMY
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Description:
TEST 1
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  1. WHAT ARE THE FOUR BASIC TYPES OF TISSUES?
    1-EPITHELIAL=COVERS SURFACES OF BODY(EXTERIOR& INTERIOR) :: 2-CONNECTIVE= BINDS THINGS TOGETHE& SUPPORTS STRUCTURES:: 3-MUSCULAR= MAKES UP MUSCLES:: 4-NERVOUS=MAKES UP NERVES & NERVE CENETERS
  2. Anatomy
    the study of the structure of the human body; “what something is made up of”
  3. Physiology
    the study of the functions of the body; “How it works”.
  4. WHAT ARE THE (TEN) SYSTEMS OF THE BODY?
    1:Muscular system- skeletal muscle- voluntary, visceral muscle- lining of hollow internal organs-involuntary, cardiac muscle- involuntaryFunctions- allows movement (locomotion and digestion); maintains posture and produces heat. 2-Urinary system- 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 bladder, 1 urethraFunctions- regulates chemical composition of blood; eliminates waste; regulates fluid and electrolyte balance and volume; maintains acid-base balance of body. 3-Respiratory system- 2 lungs, nose, mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchial tree (passageway from lungs to outside atmosphere)Functions- supplies oxygen to blood- cells; eliminates (Carbon Dioxide); regulates acid-base balance of blood. 4-Digestive system- includes salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas, as well as the alimentary canal- tube from mouth to anus- mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus.       Functions- prepares food for absorption and eliminates solid waste 5-Endocrine system- testis/ovaries, pancreas, adrenal, thymus, thyroid, parathyroids, pineal & pituitary glands, and temporarily placenta; ductless glands.Functions- regulates body activities through hormones released into blood stream and carried by cardiovascular system. 6-Reproductive system- male/female organsFunctions- produce, transport, and store germ cells and ultimately reproduce human organism 7) Skeletal system- framework of the body. Composed of 206 bones and their associated cartilage.Functions- support and protect body; allows movement along with muscles, produces blood cells; stores calcium.           **Osteology- study of bones           **Arthrology- study of joints 8) Integumentary system- skin, hair, nails, sweat and oil glands.Functions- regulates body temperature; protects body; eliminates waste; receives stimuli such as temperature, pressure, pain. 9)Nervous system- brain, spinal cord, nerves, ganglia, eyes, earsFunctions- regulates body activity with electrical impulses 10)Circulatory system- composed of blood; heart; blood vessels; lymph glands; spleen.Functions- distributes oxygen to cells; transports wastes from cells including water, electrolytes, hormones, and enzymes; protects against disease. Prevents hemorrhage by forming blood clots; helps regulate body temperature.
  5. WHAT ARE THE STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATIONS?
    CHEMICAL:: ATOM:: MOLECULES::CELL::TISSUE:: ORGANS:: SYSTEMS:: ORGANISM
  6. THE SKELETAL SYSTEM CAN BE DIVIDED INTO WHAT TWO GROUPS?
    • Axial Skeleton( 80 BONES)  THAT LIE ON OR NEAR THE CENTRAL AXIS OF THE BODY--THE LINE AROUND WHICH EVERYTNING ROTATES(MIDLINE)                                                   
    • Appendicular Skeleton (126 bones)                           of upper and lower extremities, the central axis of the body- Including shoulders and pelvic girdle.        
  7. WHAT IS OSTEOLOGY?
    STUDY OF BONES
  8. OSTEOLOGY--BONE--?
    specialized form of dense connective tissue (osseous tissue
  9. SESAMOID---BONE--?
    “joint mice”; small oval-shaped bones found in tendons near joints; present in developing fetus; other than patella, they are not counted as part of the skeleton. (Patella- kneecap, largest sesamoid) can be fractured- usually found at base of 1st toe and anterior surface of hand at the base of the thumb

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