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2012-08-22 19:39:26
Chapter 14

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  1. organs of reproduction and their associated structures
  2. the external surface region in both males and females between the pubic symphasis and the coccyx
  3. where the sperm are formed in each testicle
    seminiferous tubules
  4. a coiled tube at the upper part of each testicle, that runs down the length of the testicle then turns upward toward the body
  5. extends upward from the epididymis and is attached to each testicle; contains a vas deferens plus the arteries, veins, nerves, and lymphatic vessels required by each testicle
    spermatic cord
  6. head of the penis; sensitive region located at tip of penis
    glans penis
  7. the long, narrow continuations of each epididymis; lead upward to eventually join the urethra
    vas deferens
  8. glands that secrete a thick, yellow substance to nourish the sperm cells.  Forms 60% of the volume of semen.
    seminal vesicles
  9. during ejaculation, the reflex from this causes semen to pass through the urethra
    ejaculatory duct
  10. lies under the bladder and surrounds the end of the urethra in the region where the vas deferens enters the urethra; secretes a thick alkaline fluid into the semen that aids the motility of the sperm.
    prostate gland
  11. located just below the prostate gland; secrete pre-ejaculate fluid
    bulbourethral glands
  12. process of sperm formation
  13. an inflammation of the glans penis that is usually caused by poor hygiene in men who have not had the foreskin removed
  14. a narrowing of the opening of the foreskin so it cannot be retracted to expose the glans penis
  15. the inability of the male to achieve or maintain a penile erection
  16. a form of sexual dysfunction in which the penis is bent or curved during erection
    Peyronie's disease
  17. male menopause, or the marked decrease of testosterone
  18. the absence of one or both testicles
  19. a developmental defect in which one or both of the testicles fail to descend into their normal position in the scrotum
  20. a fluid-filled sac in the scrotum along the spermatic cord leading from the testicles; also used to describe the accumulation of fluid in any body cavity
  21. a painful erection that lasts 4 hours or more but is not accompanied by sexual excitement; can be caused by medications or by blood-related diseases
  22. a cyst that develops in the epididymis and is filled with a milky fluid containing sperm
  23. a sharp pain in the scrotum caused by twisting of the vas deferens and blood vessels leading into the testicle
    testicular torsion
  24. a knot of varicose veins in one side of the scrotum
  25. normal sperm count is:
    20-120 million or more sperm per milliliter of semen
  26. the absence of sperm in the semen
  27. a sperm count below 20 million/ml

    low sperm count
  28. presence of blood in the seminal fluid
  29. the testing of freshly ejaculated semen to determine the volume plus the number, shape, size, and motility of the sperm

    sperm analysis
    sperm count
  30. an endoscopic surgery to move an undescended testicle into its normal position in the scrotum
  31. the surgical removal or destruction of both testicles
  32. a procedure performed as an attempt to restore fertility to a vasectomized male
  33. a form of conjunctivitis that is caused by the bacteria responsible for chlamydia or gonorrhea
    ophthalmia neonatorum
  34. caused by bacteria; the most commonly reported std in the US, highly contagious; 
  35. a condition in women in which there is an abnormal overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina
    bacterial vaginosis
  36. caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum;  highly contagious std
  37. an infection caused by the protozoan parasite trichomonas vaginalis; most common symptom is a thin, frothy, yellow-green, foul smelling discharge
  38. a rounded, fleshy prominence located over the pubic symphysis
    mons pubis
  39. consists of the labia, clitoris, Bartholin's glands and vaginal orifice
  40. produce a mucus secretion to lubricate the vagina
    Bartholin's glands
  41. the funnel shaped opening into the fallopian tube near the ovary
  42. the fringed, finger-like extensions of the opening of the fallopian tubes
  43. the normal position of the uterus, where it is bent forward
  44. the bulging, rounded part above the entrance of the fallopian tubes
  45. the body of the uterus, the middle portion
  46. lower narrow portion that extends into the vagina
  47. the tough, membranous outer layer of the uterus
  48. the beginning of the menstrual function
  49. absence of ovulation when it would be normally expected
  50. any inflammation of the female reproductive organs that is not associated with surgery or pregnancy
    pelvic inflammatory disease
  51. a condition caused by a hormonal imbalance in which the ovaries are enlarged by the presence of many cysts formed by incompletely developed follicles

    Stein-Leventhal syndrome
    polycystic ovary syndrome
  52. an accumulation of pus in the fallopian tube
  53. a condition in which patches of endometrial tissue escape the uterus and become attached to other structures in the pelvic cavity; leading cause of infertility
  54. a benign tumor composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that occurs in the wall of the uterus
    uterine fibroid
  55. the condition in which the uterus slides from its normal position in the pelvic cavity and sags into the vagina

    pelvic floor hernia
    uterine prolapse
  56. growth of abnormal cells in the cervix, can be detected by a Pap smear.  

    precancerous lesions
    cervical dysplasia
  57. profuse, whitish mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina
  58. yeast infection 
    vaginal candidiasis
  59. a round, firm, rubbery mass that arises from excess growth of glandular and connective tissue in the breast; benign and usually painless
  60. the presence of single or multiple benign cysts in the breasts
    fibrocystic breast disease
  61. the production of breast milk in a woman who is not breastfeeding
  62. an abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 3 or more months
  63. pain caused by uterine cramps during a menstrual period
  64. excessive amount of menstrual flow over a period of more than 7 days
  65. an unusually small amount of menstrual flow during a shortened regular menstrual period
  66. excessive uterine bleeding at both the usual time of menstrual periods and at other irregular intervals
  67. infrequent or very light menstruation in a woman with previously normal periods
  68. the occurrence of menstrual cycles more frequently than is normal
  69. a condition associated with severe emotional and physical problems that are closely liked to the menstrual cycle
    premenstrual dysphoric disorder
  70. pap smear; exfoliative biopsy for the detection of conditions that can be early indicators of cervical cancer
    Papanicolaou test
  71. surgical sterilization procedure in which the fallopian tubes are sealed or cut to prevent sperm from reaching a mature ovum
    tubal ligation
  72. the surgical removal of a cone-shaped specimen of tissue from the cervix
  73. surgical removal of uterine fibroids
  74. secretes the hormone progesterone during the second half of the menstrual cycle
    corpus luteum
  75. thin outer membrane that encloses the embryo
  76. innermost membrane that surrounds the embryo in the uterus
    amniotic sac
  77. the fluid-filled space that surrounds the developing embryo
    amniotic cavity
  78. refers to the final stage of pregnancy just before labor begins
  79. a woman who has never been pregnant
  80. a woman who has never borne a viable child
  81. a woman who has given birth two or more times
  82. the time from the delivery of the placenta through approximately the first 6 weeks after the delivery
  83. the postpartum vaginal discharge that typically continues 4-6 weeks after childbirth
  84. return of the uterus to its normal size and former condition after delivery
    uterine involution
  85. the return of an enlarged organ to its normal size
  86. a specialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients and antibodies in a form that the newborn can digest
  87. newborn is known as a:
  88. greasy substance that protects the fetus in utero and can still be present at birth
  89. the greenish material that collects in the intestine of a fetus and forms the first stools of a newborn
  90. scale of 1-10 used to evaluate a newborn's physical health at 1 and 5 minutes after birth
    Apgar score
  91. a complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema, and proteinura
  92. characterized by convulsions and sometimes coma; treatment is delivery of the fetus
  93. an abnormal disorder in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall before the birth of the fetus
    abruptio placentae
  94. the abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus; cause painless, sudden onset bleeding during the third trimester
    placenta previa
  95. appearing before or in front of