Anatomical Orientation and Terminology

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Author:
karrkae
ID:
167052
Filename:
Anatomical Orientation and Terminology
Updated:
2012-08-22 20:53:16
Tags:
anatomy
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Part 1
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  1. brachial
    arm
  2. antecubital
    region in front of elbow
  3. cubital (olecranon)
    elbow
  4. antebrachial
    forearm
  5. carpal
    wrist
  6. manuel
    hand
  7. palmar
    palm of hand
  8. pollex
    thumb
  9. digital
    finger
  10. femoral
    femur/thigh
  11. patellar
    kneecap
  12. popliteal
    back of knee
  13. crural
    leg/thigh
  14. sural
    calf
  15. pedal
    foot
  16. tarsal
    small bones between main part of hind limb and metatarsus
  17. hallux
    big toe
  18. caleaneal
    heel
  19. plantar
    sole of foot
  20. diaphragm muscle
    sheet of internal muscle that extends arcoss bottom of rib cage (expands to allow lungs to stretch when inhaling)
  21. thoracic cavity
    contains lungs and heart
  22. abdominopelvic cavity
    contains liver, stomach, spleen, and intestines
  23. midsagittal (medial sagittal) plane
    divides body into equal left/right sides
  24. parasagittal plane
    divides body into unequal right/left regions
  25. fontal (coronal) plane
    divides body into anterior (belly) and posterior (back)
  26. transverse (horizontal) plane
    divides body into superior and inferior parts
  27. superior
    above
  28. inferior
    below
  29. cranial
    head
  30. caudal
    butt
  31. anterior
    bellyside 
  32. posterior
    back
  33. ventral
    underside of animal or plant
  34. dorsal
    upperside or back of animal
  35. proximal
    close to trunk
  36. distal
    further away fom trunk
  37. medial
    middle
  38. lateral
    sides
  39. superficial
    suface (skin)
  40. deep
    inside
  41. axial
    main part of body (head, neck, torso)
  42. appendicular
    of or relating to limbs (arms and legs)
  43. gluteal
    buttock
  44. lumbar
    relating to the lower part of the back

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