Prehistoric Art

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Prehistoric Art
2012-08-23 20:30:15

Prehistoric Art
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    • Altamira Caves
    • Era: Prehistoric, Upper Paleolithic
    • Location: Santander,Spain
    • discovered by Marcello De Sautuola
    • Techniques:
    • -bison in profile
    • -bison are either dead or alive
    • -no spatial depth or overlap
    • Hall of Bulls
    • Era: Prehistoric, Upper Paleolithic 1500-1300 BCE
    • Location: Caves of Lascaux, Dordogne, France
    • Techniques:
    • -drawings on ceiling of entrance to cave
    • -animals painted from memmory, basic shapes, not realistic
    • -ritually throwing projectiles at drawings ensured a successful hunt
    • -more herds were a symbol of fertility and health
    • Spotted Horse and Negative Hand Imprints
    • Era: Prehistoric, Upper Paleolithic 
    • Location: Peche-Merle, Lot, France
    • Techniques:
    • -fit body, long neck, and small head
    • -used shape of rocks to make the horses*
    • -painted around hand showing human dominace over animals*
    • Chinese Horse
    • Era: Prehistoric, Upper Paleolithic 1500-1300 BCE
    • Location: Lascaux, Dordogne, France
    • Techniques:
    • -pregnant horse represented fertility
    • -fit body and small head
    • -outline drawing similar to Chinese art
    • -feather/spears represented hunter's magic and a successful hunt
    • Well Scene (Rhinocerous, Wounded Man, and Disemboweled Bison)
    • Era: Prehistoric, Upper Paleolithic 
    • Location: Lascax, Dordogne, France
    • Techniques:
    • -large in perspective
    • -rhino gored bison
    • -bison gored man
    • -men did all the hunting
    • -man had a bird head and bird on a stick next to man
    • -either bird represents the man's soul OR that the man is a shaman and this scene is some sort of ritual
    • Bison with Turned Head
    • Era: Prehistoic, Upper Paleolithic 1200 BCE
    • Location: La Madeleine, Dordogne, France
    • Techniques:
    • -made out of reindeer horn
    • -small in perspective
    • -incised lines (parallel lines carved into the sculpture) create hair and a mane
    • -rounded
    • -elegant
    • Bison
    • Era: Prehistoric, Upper Paleolithic 
    • Location: Ariege, France
    • Techniques:
    • -carved out of clay/rock
    • -profile
    • -incised lines create hair
    • -believed to be used in a coming of age ritual
    • Venus of Willendorf
    • Era: Prehistoric, Upper Paleolithic 2500 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • -fertility fetiche
    • -vollumtuous female images
    • -no face but large breasts and hips
    • -lots of geometric shapes (mostly spheres)
    • -tiny feet and hands
    • -promounced pubic areas
    • Marching Warriors
    • Era: Preheistoric, Mesolithic
    • Location: Castellon, Spain
    • Techniques:
    • -rhythm, repetition, and overlapping*
    • -profile heads, frontal bodies, and profile legs with wide strides
    • -ritualistic
    • Stonehenge
    • Era: Prehistoric, European Neolithic 2000 BCE
    • Locaiton: Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England
    • Techniques:
    • -huge in perspective
    • -trilithons were made up of 2 posts and a lintel on top
    • -outer cromlech (circle of stones)
    • -inner horseshoe 
    • -carved joints out of the stone
    • -grave sights surrounding the structure but it is more popularly believed to be an astronomical calendar
    • -sun shines through on summer solstice to largest trilithon in inner horseshoe
    • Horse and Sun Chariot
    • Era: Prehistoric, Eastern Neolithic 1800-1600 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • -bronze statue
    • -sun being pulled through sky by animal (possible sun cult)
    • -part of ritual reenactment of sun's passage across sky
    • -finished surface with and incised head and neck
    • -eyes are tiny suns
    • -collars and harness suggested by engraving
    • -sun cast as two discs engraved with concentric rings filled with zig-zag circles, spirals, and loops
    • -thin sheet of beaten gold applied to one disc and pressed in incised patterns
    • -2 discs joined together by encircling metal band
    • -patterns continuous and curvilinear on disc suggest movement of sun because other patterns are geometric and rectilinear