Ch. 1 Combining forms

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M.KF.L
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167073
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Ch. 1 Combining forms
Updated:
2012-08-23 10:58:36
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combining forms
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Combining Forms
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  1. aden/o
    Gland

    EX: adenoma: tumor of a gland
  2. arth/o
    Joint

    EX: arthritis: inflammation of a gland
  3. bi/o
    Life

    EX: Biology: study of the process of life
  4. carcin/o
    Cancerous, cancer

    EX: carcinoma: a cancerous tumor
  5. cardi/o
    Heart

    EX: cardiology: study of the heart
  6. cephal/o
    Head

    EX: cephalic: pertaining to the head
  7. cerebr/o
    Cerebrum (largest part of the brain)

    EX: cerebral: pertaining to the cerebrum
  8. cis/o
    To cut

    EX: incision: The process of cutting into.
  9. crin/o
    To secrete (to form and give off)

    EX: endocrine glands: secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
  10. cyst/o
    Urinary bladder; a sac or cyst

    EX: cystoscopy: process of visual examining the urinary bladder or cyst.
  11. cyt/o
    Cell

    EX: cytology: the study of cells
  12. derm/o
    dermat/o
    Skin

    • EX: dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin
    • EX: hypodermis: Pertaining to under the skin
  13. electr/o
    Electricity

    EX: electrocardiogram (ECG): Electronic record of the heart.
  14. Encaphal/o
    Brain

    EX: electroencephalogram (EEG): Electronic record of the brain
  15. enter/o
    Intestines (usually small intestine)

    EX: enteritis: Inflammation of the Intestines
  16. erythr/o
    Red

    EX: erythrocyte: Red cells (erythrocytes carry oxygen in the blood)
  17. gastr/o
    Stomach

    • EX:gastrectomy: Removing part of the stomach
    • EX:gastrotomy: process of cutting part of the stomach
  18. glyc/o
    Sugar

    EX: hyperglycemia: blood condition with too much sugar
  19. gnos/o
    Knowledge

    • EX: diagnosis: state of complete knowledge
    • EX: prognosis: Knowledge before. (prediction)
  20. gynec/o
    Woman, female

    EX: gynecology: the study of woman/female
  21. hemat/o
    hem/o
    Blood

    • EX: hematology: study of blood
    • EX:hematoma: collection of blood (bruise)
    • EX:hemoglobin: blood protein' hemoglobin carries oxygen in the red blood cells
  22. hepat/o
    Liver

    EX: hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver.
  23. iatr/o
    Treatment, physician

    EX:iatrogenic: Iatrogenic Conditions are adverse effects that result from treatment or interventon by a physician
  24. luek/o
    White

    EX: leukocyte: white blood cell that helps fight disease
  25. log/o
    Study of

    EX: dermatology: study of skin
  26. nephr/o
    Kidney

    • EX:nephrology: study of the kidney's
    • EX:nephritis: inflammation of the kidney
  27. neur/o
    Nerve

    EX: neurology: study of the nerves
  28. onc/o
    Tumor

    • EX:oncology: study of tumors
    • EX:oncologist: someone who specializes in tumors
  29. opthalm/o
    Eye

    EX:opthalmoscope: Instrument to visually examine the eye
  30. oste/o
    Bone

    • EX: osteitis: Inflammation of the bone
    • EX: osteoarthritis: degeneration of bones and joints accompanied by inflammation
  31. path/o
    Disease

    • EX: pathology: study of disease
    • EX: pathologist: someone who studies disease
  32. ped/o
    Child

    EX: pediatric: Pertaining to the treatment of children
  33. psych/o
    Mind

    EX: pyschology: the study of the mind
  34. radi/o
    x-rays

    EX: radiology: study of x-rays
  35. ren/o
    Kidney

    EX: renal: Describes the kidney
  36. rhin/o
    Nose

    EX: rhinitis: Inflammation of the nose
  37. sarc/o
    Flesh

    EX: sarcoma: cancerous tumor; grows from "fleshy" connective tissue such as muscle, bone, and fat.
  38. sect/o
    To Cut

    EX: resection: cutting out or removal (excision)
  39. thromb/o
    Clot, Clotting

    • EX: thrombocyte: also known as platelets; these cells help clot blood.
    • EX: thrombosis: condition of clot formation
  40. ur/o
    Urinary Tract, urine

    EX: urology: study of the urinary tract; urologist is a surgeon who operates on the urinary tract

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