Biology 1 Study Guide:eristics of Life Themes & Charact

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carrieross
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Biology 1 Study Guide:eristics of Life Themes & Charact
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2012-08-23 02:32:53
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biology 1 study guide themes characteristics of life
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  1. Define organic
    (contain carbon covalent bonds)

    Something that was naturally made
  2. List 4 examples of organic substances
    • sandstone
    • lichen
    • trees
    • fossils
  3. Define synthetic
    • An object that has been manufactured by humans
    • (man-made)
  4. What is a polymer?
    • A substance that has a molecular structure made up of multiple similar units CLUE: large
  5. What is a monomer?
    • A molecule that can be bonded to to other identical molecules CLUE: small
  6. What is a synthetic organic polymer?
    • Human made polymers
    • (ex. Tamiflu swine flu vaccine)
  7. List 4 examples of synthetic organic polymers
    • plexiglass
    • Tamiflu
    • PVC (sink pipes, patio chairs, credit cards, safety goggles)
    • polyethylene (saran wrap, pop bottles, buckets, etc)
    • synthetic rubber (hoses, shoe heels, car/vacuum belts, etc)
    • money
  8. List 4 inorganic substances
    • Water
    • Oxygen/Ozone
    • Borax
    • Tinfoil
    • Plastic
    • CO/CO2
    • Minerals (ex. calcium, copper, salt, gold, etc)
  9. Which inorganic substance is required for life?
    Water
  10. What does the term prokaryote mean?
    • A microscopic single celled organism
    • [simpler cells such as bacteria ex. e.coli, salmonella, lactobasillus]
  11. Name the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes.
    • Eubacteria
    • Archaebacteria
  12. What are the 2 main types of eukaryotes  (having a nucleus & cell memebrane to hold the cell's DNA like our cells) ?
    • Metazoa
    • Eumycote
  13. What does the term eukaryote mean?
    • An organism whose cells contain complex structures
    • (ie. it has a nucleus, & a membrane-bound section to hold the cell's main DNA)
  14. What 4 Kingdoms have eukaryotic cells?
    • Protista
    • Fungi
    • Plantae
    • Animalia
  15. Define heterotrophic
    An organism that can not synethesize food on it's own
  16. What 5 Kingdoms are heterotrophic?
    • Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
  17. Define autotrophic
    An organism capable of synthesizing its own food [from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy ex.plants & algae]
  18. Define photosynthetic.
    Using the process of photosynthesis
  19. List 3 Kingdoms that have members that are photosynthetic.
    • Eubacteria &Archea [Monera]
    • Plantae
    • Protista
  20. What is the definition for evolution?
    Adaptation to the specific envonment over time
  21. Evolution occurs primarily by what process?
    Adaptation
  22. Explain the process of natural selection
    • The individuals who are best fit to their environment are the ones to survive
    • [survival of the fittest]
  23. Define sexual reproduction.
    reproduction between 2 organisms
  24. Define asexual reproduction
    The ability for one organism to reproduce
  25. What is required for survival of a species but not for an individual?
    reproduction
  26. Define development
    growth
  27. In multicellular organisms growth occurs primarily by what?
    • mitosis [cell division]
  28. What is homeostasis?
    The ability of an organism to maintain internal stability
  29. Define response
    An instant process
  30. What is metabolism?
    • An organism that can make energy internally
  31. Define the term gene
    Physical unit of heredity
  32. Define physiology
    A branch of biology dealing with the functions of organisms
  33. Define bioethics
    The study of biological and medical ethics that arises from advances [the relationships among life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, and philosophy, etc]
  34. What is genetics?
    The study of genes
  35. What is biochemistry?
    The science dealing with the chemistry of living matter
  36. Define botany
    • The study of plants

  37. Define zoology
    The study of animals
  38. List the [9] characteristics of life
    • In order for something to be considered alive, it must have all of the following:
    • [This is known as GREECHERS]
    • Growth
    • Respiration
    • Excrete wastes
    • Evolve
    • Cells
    • Homeostasis
    • Energy
    • Reproduction
    • Stimuli (respond to stimuli)
  39. What characteristics of life do viruses lack?
    ALL since viruses cannot carry out life processes without a host organism
  40. What is the difference between quantitative & descriptive data?
    Descriptive [Statistics] are used to present quantitative descriptions in a simpler form
  41. What is the differnece between Astrology & Astronomy?
    • Astrology is ideas os space/universe
    • Astronomy is  the study of space/universe [It's also a science]

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