Biology 1 Study Guide:eristics of Life Themes & Charact

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user carrieross on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?

  1. Define organic
    (contain carbon covalent bonds)

    Something that was naturally made
  2. List 4 examples of organic substances
    • sandstone
    • lichen
    • trees
    • fossils
  3. Define synthetic
    • An object that has been manufactured by humans
    • (man-made)
  4. What is a polymer?
    • A substance that has a molecular structure made up of multiple similar units CLUE: large
  5. What is a monomer?
    • A molecule that can be bonded to to other identical molecules CLUE: small
  6. What is a synthetic organic polymer?
    • Human made polymers
    • (ex. Tamiflu swine flu vaccine)
  7. List 4 examples of synthetic organic polymers
    • plexiglass
    • Tamiflu
    • PVC (sink pipes, patio chairs, credit cards, safety goggles)
    • polyethylene (saran wrap, pop bottles, buckets, etc)
    • synthetic rubber (hoses, shoe heels, car/vacuum belts, etc)
    • money
  8. List 4 inorganic substances
    • Water
    • Oxygen/Ozone
    • Borax
    • Tinfoil
    • Plastic
    • CO/CO2
    • Minerals (ex. calcium, copper, salt, gold, etc)
  9. Which inorganic substance is required for life?
  10. What does the term prokaryote mean?
    • A microscopic single celled organism
    • [simpler cells such as bacteria ex. e.coli, salmonella, lactobasillus]
  11. Name the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes.
    • Eubacteria
    • Archaebacteria
  12. What are the 2 main types of eukaryotes  (having a nucleus & cell memebrane to hold the cell's DNA like our cells) ?
    • Metazoa
    • Eumycote
  13. What does the term eukaryote mean?
    • An organism whose cells contain complex structures
    • (ie. it has a nucleus, & a membrane-bound section to hold the cell's main DNA)
  14. What 4 Kingdoms have eukaryotic cells?
    • Protista
    • Fungi
    • Plantae
    • Animalia
  15. Define heterotrophic
    An organism that can not synethesize food on it's own
  16. What 5 Kingdoms are heterotrophic?
    • Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
  17. Define autotrophic
    An organism capable of synthesizing its own food [from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy ex.plants & algae]
  18. Define photosynthetic.
    Using the process of photosynthesis
  19. List 3 Kingdoms that have members that are photosynthetic.
    • Eubacteria &Archea [Monera]
    • Plantae
    • Protista
  20. What is the definition for evolution?
    Adaptation to the specific envonment over time
  21. Evolution occurs primarily by what process?
  22. Explain the process of natural selection
    • The individuals who are best fit to their environment are the ones to survive
    • [survival of the fittest]
  23. Define sexual reproduction.
    reproduction between 2 organisms
  24. Define asexual reproduction
    The ability for one organism to reproduce
  25. What is required for survival of a species but not for an individual?
  26. Define development
  27. In multicellular organisms growth occurs primarily by what?
    • mitosis [cell division]
  28. What is homeostasis?
    The ability of an organism to maintain internal stability
  29. Define response
    An instant process
  30. What is metabolism?
    • An organism that can make energy internally
  31. Define the term gene
    Physical unit of heredity
  32. Define physiology
    A branch of biology dealing with the functions of organisms
  33. Define bioethics
    The study of biological and medical ethics that arises from advances [the relationships among life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, and philosophy, etc]
  34. What is genetics?
    The study of genes
  35. What is biochemistry?
    The science dealing with the chemistry of living matter
  36. Define botany
    • The study of plants

  37. Define zoology
    The study of animals
  38. List the [9] characteristics of life
    • In order for something to be considered alive, it must have all of the following:
    • [This is known as GREECHERS]
    • Growth
    • Respiration
    • Excrete wastes
    • Evolve
    • Cells
    • Homeostasis
    • Energy
    • Reproduction
    • Stimuli (respond to stimuli)
  39. What characteristics of life do viruses lack?
    ALL since viruses cannot carry out life processes without a host organism
  40. What is the difference between quantitative & descriptive data?
    Descriptive [Statistics] are used to present quantitative descriptions in a simpler form
  41. What is the differnece between Astrology & Astronomy?
    • Astrology is ideas os space/universe
    • Astronomy is  the study of space/universe [It's also a science]

Card Set Information

Biology 1 Study Guide:eristics of Life Themes & Charact
2012-08-23 06:32:53
biology study guide themes characteristics life

biology 1 study guide themes characteristics of life
Show Answers:

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview