Biology 1 Study Guide:eristics of Life Themes & Charact
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. What would you like to do?
(contain carbon covalent bonds)
Something that was naturally made
List 4 examples of organic substances
- An object that has been manufactured by humans
What is a polymer?
- A substance that has a molecular structure made up of multiple similar units CLUE: large
What is a monomer?
- A molecule that can be bonded to to other identical molecules CLUE: small
What is a synthetic organic polymer?
- Human made polymers
- (ex. Tamiflu swine flu vaccine)
List 4 examples of synthetic organic polymers
- PVC (sink pipes, patio chairs, credit cards, safety goggles)
- polyethylene (saran wrap, pop bottles, buckets, etc)
- synthetic rubber (hoses, shoe heels, car/vacuum belts, etc)
List 4 inorganic substances
- CO/CO2Minerals (ex. calcium, copper, salt, gold, etc)
Which inorganic substance is required for life?
What does the term prokaryote mean?
- A microscopic single celled organism
- [simpler cells such as bacteria ex. e.coli, salmonella, lactobasillus]
Name the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes.
What are the 2 main types of eukaryotes (having a nucleus & cell memebrane to hold the cell's DNA like our cells) ?
What does the term eukaryote mean?
- An organism whose cells contain complex structures
- (ie. it has a nucleus, & a membrane-bound section to hold the cell's main DNA)
What 4 Kingdoms have eukaryotic cells?
An organism that can not synethesize food on it's own
What 5 Kingdoms are heterotrophic?
- Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
An organism capable of synthesizing its own food [from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy ex.plants & algae]
Using the process of photosynthesis
List 3 Kingdoms that have members that are photosynthetic.
- Eubacteria &Archea [Monera]
What is the definition for evolution?
Adaptation to the specific envonment over time
Evolution occurs primarily by what process?
Explain the process of natural selection
- The individuals who are best fit to their environment are the ones to survive
- [survival of the fittest]
Define sexual reproduction.
reproduction between 2 organisms
Define asexual reproduction
The ability for one organism to reproduce
What is required for survival of a species but not for an individual?
In multicellular organisms growth occurs primarily by what?
- mitosis [cell division]
What is homeostasis?
The ability of an organism to maintain internal stability
An instant process
What is metabolism?
- An organism that can make energy internally
Define the term gene
Physical unit of heredity
A branch of biology dealing with the functions of organisms
The study of biological and medical ethics that arises from advances [the relationships among life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, and philosophy, etc]
What is genetics?
The study of genes
What is biochemistry?
The science dealing with the chemistry of living matter
The study of animals
List the  characteristics of life
- In order for something to be considered alive, it must have all of the following:
- [This is known as GREECHERS]Growth
- Excrete wastes
- Stimuli (respond to stimuli)
What characteristics of life do viruses lack?
ALL since viruses cannot carry out life processes without a host organism
What is the difference between quantitative & descriptive data?
Descriptive [Statistics] are used to present quantitative descriptions in a simpler form
What is the differnece between Astrology & Astronomy?
- Astrology is ideas os space/universe
- Astronomy is the study of space/universe [It's also a science]
What would you like to do?
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