Chemistry

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Author:
andreathors16
ID:
167092
Filename:
Chemistry
Updated:
2012-08-23 01:59:22
Tags:
bio45
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Description:
test1
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  1. Hydrogen atom
    • H
    • + & e-
    • atomic #: 1
    • wt: 1amu
    • 1 bond
  2. Carbon atom
    • C
    • 6+ 6n 6e-
    • atomic #:6
    • wt:12 amu
    • 4 bonds
  3. Nitrogen atom
    • N
    • 7+ 7n 7e-
    • atomic #: 7
    • wt: 14amu
  4. oxygen atom
    • O
    • 8+ 8n 8e-
    • atomic #: 8
    • wt: 16 amu
    • 2 bonds
  5. protons
    • +
    • found on the inside
    • wt: 1amu
    • charge: +
  6. Neutron
    • n
    • found on the inside
    • wt: 1amu
    • charge: 0
  7. electron
    • e-
    • found on the outside
    • wt: 0amu
    • charge: -
  8. sodium
    Na
  9. potassium
    K
  10. iron
    Fe
  11. Ca
    Calcium
  12. P
    phosphorus
  13. S
    Sulfur
  14. Cl
    chlorine
  15. Zn
    Zinc
  16. atomic number
    • the number of protons
    • determines identity
  17. isotope
    • same atomic # but differnt wt
    • same + differnt n
  18. ion
    atom with no overal charge
  19. covalent bond
    • share electrons
    • strong bond
    • symbol: -
    • double covalent bond: =
  20. ionic bond
    • take electrons
    • strong bond
    • symbol: O-+H
  21. hydrogen bond
    • weak bond
    • must have hydrogen involved
    • needs small amount of polarity
    • symbol: -----
    • attraction between + and -
  22. hydrophobic bond
    • water must be involved
    • the bond forces the molecules together.
    • water and oil
  23. O=O
    • oxygen
    • o2
  24. o=c=o
    • carbon dioxide
    • co2
  25. Na+-Cl
    • sodium chloride
    • NaCl
  26. CH4
    methane
  27. CH3-CH2-OH
    ethanol
  28. CH3
    methyl
  29. O-H
    hydroxal group
  30. NH3
    ammonia
  31. protiens
    • 4 Cal/g
    • function:structural part of the body
    • carry small molecules from place to place
  32. carbohydrate
    4 Cal/g
  33. pure alcohol
    7 Cal/g
  34. lipids
    9 Cal/g
  35. LDL
    • carries cholesterol from the liver to the body
    • bad cholesterol
  36. HDL
    • carries cholesterol from the body and brings it to the liver
    • good cholesterol
  37. steps to an abreviated stucture
    • remove H on C
    • remove C
    • No O-H bond
  38. essential amino acids
    must have in your diet
  39. non essential amino acids
    not required in diet

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