IDTA Associate Theory - SAMBA.txt

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Markaich
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167105
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IDTA Associate Theory - SAMBA.txt
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2012-12-11 08:09:44
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Latin Dance Laird Theory Samba Exam4
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IDTA Associate Theory - Samba
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  1. Samba Time Signature
    2/4 = 2 beats of 1/4 note (crochet) value to the bar
  2. Samba Tempo
    50 bars/minute or 100 beats/minute
  3. Samba Rhythm
    There is a predominant percussive accent on the 2nd beat of the bar
  4. Timing and Beat Values
    • Because of the music's polyrhythmic nature many figures consist of steps than need different beat values.
    • The various combinations used in Associate syllabus are
    • 3 steps: Timing 1 a 2; Beat value 3/4, 1/4, 1 (e.g. basic, whisk)
    • 3 steps: Timing S Q Q; Beat value 1, 1/2, 1/2 (e.g. in Close Rocks, Natural Roll)
    • 7 steps: Timing S Q Q Q Q Q Q; Beat value 1, 1/2, 1/2, 1/2, 1/2, 1/2, 1/2 (e.g. Corta Jaca)
    • 2 steps: Timing S S; Beat value 1, 1 (eg Rhythm Bounce)
    • 6 steps: Timing Q Q Q Q S S; Beat value 1/2, 1/2, 1/2, 1/2, 1, 1 (e.g. Samba Side Chasses)
  5. Natural Basic, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
  6. Natural Basic, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot closed to Left
    • Step 6: LEFT foot in place
    • (repeat ad lib.)
  7. Natural Basic, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  8. Natural Basic, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step
    • Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 3: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 4: Backward step
    • Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 6: Weight transfer in place
  9. Natural Basic, Men's Body Turn
    • Gradual turn to Right
    • From no turn to 1/4 turn to Right over steps 1-6
  10. Natural Basic, Bounce Action
    Samba bounce action used throughout
  11. Natural Basic, Shaping
    Close hold throughout
  12. Natural Basic, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Left
    • Step 3: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5: LEFT foot closed to Right
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot in place
  13. Natural Basic, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  14. Natural Basic, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward step
    • Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 3: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 4: Forward step
    • Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 6: Weight transfer in placeloor
  15. Natural Basic, Lady's body turn
    • Gradual turn to Right
    • From no turn to 1/4 turn to Right over steps 1-6
  16. Natural Basic, Precedes
    Any figure finished in Close Hold with Right foot free
  17. Natural Basic, Follows
    Any figure that commences with Right foot in Close Hold
  18. Natural Basic, Alignment
    • Depends on the preceding figure
    • Can be started or finsihed in an standard alighment
  19. Natural Basic, Note
    It is sometimes convienient to use only steps 1-3 of the Natural Basic Movement and then to dance a figure that starts on the Left foot; e.g. when changing from Natural to Reverse Basic
  20. Reverse Basic, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
  21. Reverse Basic, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Left
    • Step 3: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5: LEFT foot closed to Right
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot in place
    • (repeat ad lib.)
  22. Reverse Basic, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  23. Reverse Basic, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step
    • Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 3: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 4: Backward step
    • Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 6: Weight transfer in place
  24. Reverse Basic, Men's Body Turn
    • Gradual turn to Left
    • From no turn to 1/4 turn to Left over steps 1-6
  25. Reverse Basic, Bounce Action
    Samba bounce action used throughout
  26. Reverse Basic, Shaping
    Close hold throughout
  27. Reverse Basic, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot closed to Left
    • Step 6: LEFT foot in place
  28. Reverse Basic, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  29. Reverse Basic, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward step
    • Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 3: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 4: Forward step
    • Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 6: Weight transfer in placeloor
  30. Reverse Basic, Lady's body turn
    • Gradual turn to Left
    • From no turn to 1/4 turn to Left over steps 1-6
  31. Reverse Basic, Precedes
    Any figure finished in Close Hold with Left foot free
  32. Reverse Basic, Follows
    Any figure that commences with Left foot in Close Hold
  33. Reverse Basic, Alignment
    • Depends on the preceding figure
    • Can be started or finsihed in an standard alighment
  34. Reverse Basic, Note
    It is sometimes convienient to use only steps 1-3 of the Reverse Basic Movement and then to dance a figure that starts on the Left foot; e.g. when changing from Reverse to Natural Basic
  35. Progressive Basic, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
  36. Progressive Basic, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 4: LEFT foot side
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot closed to Left
    • Step 6: LEFT foot in place
    • (repeat ad lib.)
  37. Progressive Basic, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  38. Progressive Basic, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step
    • Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 3: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 4: Side step
    • Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 6: Weight transfer in place
  39. Progressive Basic, Men's Body Turn
    No turn
  40. Progressive Basic, Bounce Action
    Samba bounce action used throughout
  41. Progressive Basic, Shaping
    Close hold throughout
  42. Progressive Basic, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Left
    • Step 3: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 5: LEFT foot closed to Right
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot in place
  43. Progressive Basic, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  44. Progressive Basic, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward step
    • Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 3: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 4: Side step
    • Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
    • Step 6: Weight transfer in placeloor
  45. Progressive Basic, Lady's body turn
    No turn
  46. Progressive Basic, Precedes
    Any figure finished in Close Hold with Right foot free
  47. Progressive Basic, Follows
    Any figure that commences with Right foot in Close Hold
  48. Progressive Basic, Alignment
    • Man: start and finish Diagonal to Wall
    • Lady: start and finish backing Diagonal to Wall
  49. Describe the Samba Bounce
    • A movement felt through the pelvis and knees in 1/2 beats of the music
    • On count 'and', knees begin to straighten and heels lift from the floor as we move toward the apex of the bounce
    • On counts 'one' and 'two, the knees begin to compress and heels lower to the floor as we move toward the base of the bounce
    • Counted & 1 & 2 & 1 & 2
    • Only used, with varying degrees, in figures with a 3/4 & 1/4 split in the following way:
    • On count 'and' knees begin to straighten and heels lift
    • On count 'one' knees begin to compress as the first step is taken ball flat (this has a 3/4 beat value)
    • On count 'and' knees begin to straighten and heels lift
    • On count 'a' (3/4 beat after 'one'), second step is taken, having only a 1/4 beat value and taken on the ball of the foot
    • On count 'two' knees begin to compress and third step is taken ball flat
    • On count 'and' the cycle repeats
  50. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
  51. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot crossed behind Left
    • Step 3: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 5: LEFT foot crossed behind Right
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot in place
    • (repeat ad lib.)
  52. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  53. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Side step
    • Step 2: Latin Cross with part weigh
    • Step 3: Weight transfer in place. Latin Cross
    • Step 4: Side step
    • Step 5: Latin Cross with part weight
    • Step 6: Weight transfer in place. Latin Cross
  54. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Men's Body Turn
    No turn
  55. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Bounce Action
    Samba bounce action used throughout
  56. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Shaping
    Close hold throughout
  57. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 2: LEFT foot crossed behind Right
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 4: LEFT foot side
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot crossed behind Left
    • Step 6: LEFT foot in place
  58. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  59. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Side step
    • Step 2: Latin Cross with part weight
    • Step 3: Weight transfer in place. Latin Cross
    • Step 4: Side step
    • Step 5: Latin Cross with part weight
    • Step 6: Weight transfer in place. Latin Cross
  60. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Lady's body turn
    No turn
  61. Samba Whisk to Left, Precedes
    • Samba Whisk to Right
    • Reverse Basic Movement
    • Promenade Samba Walk on Right (turn to face wall as LF taken to the side)
    • Reverse Turn
    • Corta Jaca
    • Side Samba Walk turned 1/4 to Right
  62. Samba Whisk to Right, Precedes
    • Samba Whisk to Left
    • Natural Basic Movement
    • Natural Roll
  63. Samba Whisk to Left, Follows
    • Samba Whisk to Right
    • Natural Basic Movement
    • Natural Roll
    • Corta Jaca
  64. Samba Whisk to Right, Follows
    • Samba Whisk to Left
    • Natural Basic Movement
    • Promenade Botofogo
    • Side Samba Chasses
    • If turned to PP, Promenade Samba Walks
  65. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Alignment
    • Man: start and finish facing Wall; can be started and finished facing centre
    • Lady: start and finish backing Wall, can be started and finished backing centre
  66. Pelvic Action
    • In addition to samba bounce
    • Some figures, i.e. Samba Walks and Botofogos
    • Details in figures
    • When used pelvis is:
    • tilted forward in an upward direction at the end of Step 1, timed '1'
    • tilted back, or diagonally back in side walks and botofogos, on step 2, timed 'a'
    • returned to normal on step 3, timed '2'
    • The tilt on count '1' of botofogo is less pronounced than in Samba Walks
  67. Promenade Samba Walks, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
  68. Promenade Samba Walks, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward in PP, Right knee closed toward Left knee
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot back in PP, Toe turned out
    • Step 3: LEFT foot slipped back in PP
    • (repeated on Right Foot the ad lib. using LF and RF alternatively)
  69. Promenade Samba Walks, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
    • Step 3: Flat
  70. Promenade Samba Walks, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step, Pelvis tilted forward
    • Step 2: Backward step with part weight, Pelvis tilted back
    • Step 3: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
  71. Promenade Samba Walks, Men's Body Turn
    No turn
  72. Promenade Samba Walks, Bounce Action
    Slight Samba bounce action used throughout
  73. Promenade Samba Walks, Shaping
    Start and finish in PP
  74. Promenade Samba Walks, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in PP, Left knee closed toward Right knee
    • Step 2: LEFT foot back in PP, Toe turned out
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot slipped back in PP
  75. Promenade Samba Walks, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
    • Step 3: Flat
  76. Promenade Samba Walks, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step, Pelvis tilted forward
    • Step 2: Backward step with part weight, Pelvis tilted back
    • Step 3: Foot slip approx 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
  77. Promenade Samba Walks, Lady's body turn
    No turn
  78. Promenade Samba Walks, Precedes
    • Whisk to Right turned to PP
    • Promenade Botofogo
    • Side Samba Walk
  79. Promenade Samba Walks, Follows
    • After Promenade Samba Walk on Right: Whisk to Left
    • After Promenade Samba Walk on Left: Side Samba Walk
  80. Promenade Samba Walks, Alignment
    Man and lady: start and finish on LoD in PP
  81. Side Samba Walks, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
  82. Side Samba Walks, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in PP, Left knee closed toward Right knee
    • Step 2: LEFT to side in PP, Toe turned out
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot slipped leftward in PP
  83. Side Samba Walks, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
    • Step 3: Flat
  84. Side Samba Walks, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step, Pelvis tilted forward
    • Step 2: Side step with part weight, Pelvis tilted diagonally back
    • Step 3: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
  85. Side Samba Walks, Men's Body Turn
    • No turn (as chart)
    • 1/4 Turn Right over steps 2 & 3 to finish facing partner in Close Hold: Step 2 taken to side & slightly forward, step 3 is slipped back
  86. Side Samba Walks, Bounce Action
    Slight Samba bounce action used throughout
  87. Side Samba Walks, Shaping
    Start and finish in PP
  88. Side Samba Walks, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward in PP, Right knee closed toward Left knee
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side in PP, Toe turned out
    • Step 3: LEFT foot slipped rightward in PP
  89. Side Samba Walks, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
    • Step 3: Flat
  90. Side Samba Walks, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step, Pelvis tilted forward
    • Step 2: Side step with part weight, Pelvis tilted diagonally back
    • Step 3: Foot slip approx 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
  91. Side Samba Walks, Lady's body turn
    • No turn (as chart)
    • 1/8 Turn Left over steps 2 & 3 if Left hand is released to finish on Open PP L-R. Step 2 taken to side & slightly forward
    • 1/4 Turn Left over steps 2 & 3 to finish facing partner in Close Hold: Step 2 taken to side & slightly forward, step 3 is slipped back
  92. Side Samba Walks, Precedes
    • Promenade Samba Walk on LF
    • Promenade Botofogo
  93. Side Samba Walks, Follows
    • Not Turn: Promenade Samba Walk on LF the first step taken forward and across RF
    • 1/4 Turn Right: Whisks to Left, Promenade Botofogo, Stationary Samba Walks
  94. Side Samba Walks, Alignment
    Man and lady: start and finish on LoD in PP
  95. Stationary Samba Walks, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
  96. Stationary Samba Walks, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: Instep of LEFT foot closed to Tow of RIGHT foot
    • Step 2: RIGHT Back, Toe turned out
    • Step 3: LEFT foot slipped back
    • Repeat on RF and then ad lib. using LF & RF alternatively
  97. Stationary Samba Walks, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
    • Step 3: Flat
  98. Stationary Samba Walks, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Foot Close with Weight Change, Pelvis tilted forward
    • Step 2: Back step with part weight, Pelvis tilted back
    • Step 3: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
  99. Stationary Samba Walks, Men's Body Turn
    No turn
  100. Stationary Samba Walks, Bounce Action
    Slight Samba bounce action used throughout
  101. Stationary Samba Walks, Shaping
    Start and finish in Close Hold
  102. Stationary Samba Walks, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: Instep of RIGHT foot closed to Toe of LEFT foot
    • Step 2: LEFT foot Back, Toe turned out
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot slipped back
  103. Stationary Samba Walks, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
    • Step 3: Flat
  104. Stationary Samba Walks, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Foot Close with Weight Change, Pelvis tilted forward
    • Step 2: Back step with part weight, Pelvis tilted back
    • Step 3: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
  105. Stationary Samba Walks, Lady's body turn
    No turn
  106. Stationary Samba Walks, Precedes
    Side Samba Walk turne 1/4 R to face partner
  107. Stationary Samba Walks, Follows
    • After Stationary Samba Walk on RF: Samba Whisk to L, Promenade Botofogo, Volta Spot Turn to R for Lady
    • After Stationary Samba Walk on LF: Samba Whisk to R, Corta Jaca, Natural Roll, Volta Spot Turn to L for Lady
  108. Stationary Samba Walks, Alignment
    • Man: start and finish facing wall
    • Lady: start and finish backing wall
  109. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: S - 1 beat
    • Step 2: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 3: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 4: S - 1 beat
    • Step 5: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 6: Q - 1/2 beat
  110. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot crossed behind Left
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 6: LEFT foot crossed behind Right
    • (repeat ad lib.)
  111. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball Flat
    • Step 6: Toe
  112. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step
    • Step 2: Forward step
    • Step 3: Latin Cross
    • Step 4: Forward step
    • Step 5: Forward step
    • Step 6: Latin Cross
  113. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Men's Body Turn
    No turn
  114. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Bounce Action
    No bounce action
  115. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Shaping
    Close hold throughout
  116. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot with Toe turned out behind Left foot
    • Step 3: LEFT foot crossed in front of Right foot
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5: LEFT foot with Toe turned out behind Right foot
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot crossed in front of Left foot
  117. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Flat
  118. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward step
    • Step 2: Ronde action from knee
    • Step 3: Foot slip to Latin Cross
    • Step 4: Backward step
    • Step 5: Ronde action from kneww
    • Step 6: Foot Slip to Latin Cross
  119. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Lady's body turn
    • Step 1: no turn
    • Step 2: Slight turn to Right
    • Step 3: no turn
    • Step 4: no turn
    • Step 5: Slight turn to Left
    • Step 6: no turn
  120. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Precedes
    • Natural Basic Movement
    • Natural Roll
  121. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Follows
    • Natural Basic Movement
    • Natural Roll
    • At a corner: Corta Jaca
    • After steps 1-3: Reverse Basic Movement, Reverse Turn
  122. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Alignment
    • Man: start and finish facing LoD
    • Lady: start and finish backing LoD
  123. Reverse Turn, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
  124. Reverse Turn, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back, Toe turned out
    • Step 3: LEFT foot crossed in front of Right foot
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
  125. Reverse Turn, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  126. Reverse Turn, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step
    • Step 2: Side step with part weight
    • Step 3: Latin Cross
    • Step 4: Backward step
    • Step 5: Side step with part weight
    • Step 6: Foot close with weight change
  127. Reverse Turn, Men's Body Turn
    • Steps 1-3: 3/8 Left
    • Steps 3-6: 1/4 Left
    • Note 1: to achieve a particular alignment, from 1/4 to 1/2 turn can be made on steps 1-3 and on steps 4-6
  128. Reverse Turn, Bounce Action
    Samba bounce action used throughout
  129. Reverse Turn, Sway and Body Inclination
    • Step 1: Straight, Forward (Backward)
    • Step 2: Left (Right), Forward (Backward)
    • Step 3: Left (Right), Forward (Backward)
    • Step 4: Straight, Backward (Forward)
    • Step 5: Right (Left), Backward (Forward)
    • Step 6: Right (Left), Backward (Forward)
  130. Reverse Turn, Shaping
    Close hold throughout
  131. Reverse Turn, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT to side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back, Toe turned out
    • Step 6: LEFT foot crossed in front of Right foot
  132. Reverse Turn, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  133. Reverse Turn, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward step
    • Step 2: Side step with part weight
    • Step 3: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 4: Forward step
    • Step 5: Side step with part weight
    • Step 6: Latin Cross
  134. Reverse Turn, Lady's body turn
    • Step 1-3: 3/8 Left
    • Step 4-6: 1/4 Left
    • Note 1: to achieve a particular alignment, from 1/4 to 1/2 turn can be made on steps 1-3 and on steps 4-6
  135. Reverse Turn, Precedes
    • Reverse Basic Movement
    • Steps 1-3 of Natural basic Movement
    • Steps 1-3 of Close Rocks
  136. Reverse Turn, Follows
    • Reverse Turn
    • Reverse Basic Movement
    • Promenade Botofogo
    • Samba Whisk to Left
  137. Reverse Turn, Alignment
    • Man: start facing DC. Step 3 backing LoD. Finish facing Wall
    • Lady: start backing DC. Step 3 facing LoD. Finish backing Wall
  138. Samba Side Chasses, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 2: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 3: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 4: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 5: S - 1 beat
    • Step 6: S - 1 beat
  139. Samba Side Chasses, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
    • Step 3: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
    • Step 5: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
  140. Samba Side Chasses, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball Flat
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  141. Samba Side Chasses, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Side step
    • Step 2: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 3: Side step
    • Step 4: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 5: Side step
    • Step 6: Foot close with weight change
  142. Samba Side Chasses, Men's Body Turn
    No turn
  143. Samba Side Chasses, Bounce Action
    • Rhythmic interpretation is unusual
    • Slight Samba Bounce action required
    • Achieved by pushing off the standing foot from a compressed knee
    • Merengue type action
  144. Samba Side Chasses, Shaping
    Close hold throughout
  145. Samba Side Chasses, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right foot
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to sidet
    • Step 4: LEFT foot closed to Right foot
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 6: LEFT foot closed to Right foot
  146. Samba Side Chasses, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball Flat
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  147. Samba Side Chasses, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Side step
    • Step 2: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 3: Side step
    • Step 4: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 5: Side step
    • Step 6: Foot close with weight change
  148. Samba Side Chasses, Lady's body turn
    No turn
  149. Samba Side Chasses, Precedes
    • Samba Whisk to Right
    • Reverse Turn
    • Volta spot turn to Left for Lady
  150. Samba Side Chasses, Follows
    • Samba Whisk to Left
    • Volta Spot Turn to Right for Lady
    • Promenade Botofogo
    • Samba Side Chasses
  151. Samba Side Chasses, Alignment
    • Man: Start and finish facing Wall
    • Lady: Start and finish backing Wall
  152. Corta Jaca, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: S - 1 beat
    • Step 2: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 3: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 4: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 5: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 6-11: Q - 1/2 beat
  153. Corta Jaca, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot forward and slightly to the side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot slipped leftward
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back and slightly to the side
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot slipped leftward
    • Step 6-11: repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
  154. Corta Jaca, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Flat
    • Step 2: Heel
    • Step 3: Flat
    • Step 4: Toe
    • Step 5: Flat
    • Step 6-11: repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
  155. Corta Jaca, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Strong forward step with heel lead
    • Step 2: Forward step on heel, foot does not lower
    • Step 3: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm)
    • Step 4: Backward step on toe, foot does not lower
    • Step 5: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm)
    • Step 6: Repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
  156. Corta Jaca, Men's Body Turn
    No turn
  157. Corta Jaca, Bounce Action
    None
  158. Corta Jaca, Shaping
    • Start in Close Hold
    • Extend both arms forward slightly on step 1
    • Finish in Close Hold, arms still extended
  159. Corta Jaca, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: LEFT back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot back and slightly to the side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot slipped rightward
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward and slightly to the side
    • Step 5: LEFT foot slipped rightward
    • Step 6: Repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
  160. Corta Jaca, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Flat
    • Step 4: Heel
    • Step 5: Flat
    • Step 6: Repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
  161. Corta Jaca, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward step
    • Step 2: Backward step on toe, foot does not lower
    • Step 3: Foot slip approximate 3inches (8cm)
    • Step 4: Forward step on heel, foot does not lower
    • Step 5: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm)
    • Step 6: Repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
  162. Corta Jaca, Lady's body turn
    No turn
  163. Corta Jaca, Precedes
    Natural Basic Movement
  164. Whisk to Left
    • Progressive basic Movement
    • Stationary Samba Walk on Left Foot
  165. Corta Jaca, Follows
    • Steps 4-6 of Natural Basic Movement
    • Steps 4-6 of Natural Roll
    • Samba Whisk to Left
    • Volta Spot Turn to Right for Lady
  166. Corta Jaca, Alignment
    • Man: Start and finish facing Wall
    • Lady: Start and finish backing Wall
  167. Travelling Botofogos, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 7: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 8: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 9: 2 - 1 beat
  168. Travelling Botofogos, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side and slightly forward, TOE turned out (foot track is forward as turn is body turn, not foot)
    • Step 3: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward outside partner in Right side
    • Step 5: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward, TOE turned out
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 7: LEFT forward outside partner on Left
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot to the side and slightly forward, TOE turned out
    • Step 9: LEFT foot in place
  169. Travelling Botofogos, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Inside edge of Toe
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
    • Step 7: Ball Flat
    • Step 8: Inside edge of Toe
    • Step 9: Ball Flat
  170. Travelling Botofogos, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step
    • Step 2: Point with part weight
    • Step 3: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 4: Forward step outside partner
    • Step 5: Point with part weight
    • Step 6: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 7: Forward step outside partner
    • Step 8: Point with part weight
    • Step 9: Weight transfer in place
  171. Travelling Botofogos, Men's Body Turn
    • Step 1: no turn
    • Step 2 & 3: 1/8 Left
    • Step 4: No turn
    • Step 5 & 6: 1/4 Right
    • Step 7: No turn
    • Step 8 & 9 1/4 Left
  172. Travelling Botofogos, Bounce Action
    Slight Samba Bounce action throughout
  173. Travelling Botofogos, Shaping
    Start and finish in Close Hold
  174. Travelling Botofogos, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: RIGHT back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side and slightly back, TOE turned out
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back, partner outside on Right side
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back, TOE turned out
    • Step 6: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot back, partner outside on Left side
    • Step 8: LEFT foot to side and slightly back, TOE turned out
    • Step 9: RIGHT foot in place
  175. Travelling Botofogos, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Inside Edge of Toe
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Inside edge of Toe
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
    • Step 7: Ball Flat
    • Step 8: Inside Edge of Toe
    • Step 9: Ball Flat
  176. Travelling Botofogos, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward step
    • Step 2: Point with part weight
    • Step 3: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 4: Backward step
    • Step 5: Point with part weight
    • Step 6: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 7: Backward step
    • Step 8: Point with part weight
    • Step 9: Weight transfer in place
  177. Travelling Botofogos, Lady's body turn
    • Step 1: No turn
    • Step 2 & 3: 1/8 Left
    • Step 4: No turn
    • Step 5 & 6: 1/4 Right
    • Step 7: No turn
    • Step 8 & 9: 1/4 Left
  178. Travelling Botofogos, Precedes
    • Reverse Basic Movement
    • Steps 1-3 of Natural Basic Movement
    • Reverse Turn
  179. Travelling Botofogos, Follows
    Natural Basic Movement commenced outside partner
  180. Travelling Botofogos, Alignment
    • Man: Start facing LoD, Step 3 facing DC, Step 6 facing DW. Finish facing DC
    • Lady: Start backing LoD, Step 3 backing DC, Step 6 backing DW. Finish backing DC
  181. Travelling Botofogos, Note
    Pelvic action is used by the man (only) during Travelling Botofogos
  182. Natural Roll, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: S - 1 beat
    • Step 2: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 3: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 4: S - 1 beat
    • Step 5: Q - 1/2 beat
    • Step 6: Q - 1/2 beat
  183. Natural Roll, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 6: LEFT foot closed to Right foot
  184. Natural Roll, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat (Heel flat as alternative footwork)
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball Flat
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  185. Natural Roll, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step
    • Step 2: Forward step turning
    • Step 3: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 4: Backward step
    • Step 5: Backward step turning
    • Step 6: Foot close with weight change
  186. Natural Roll, Men's Body Turn
    • Steps 1 - 3: 1/4 Right
    • Steps 4 - 6: 1/4 Right
  187. Natural Roll, Bounce Action
    None
  188. Natural Roll, Man's Sway and Body Inclination
    • Step 1: Straight, Inclined Back
    • Step 2: Right, Inclined Back
    • Step 3: Right, Inclined Back
    • Step 4: Straight, Inclined Forward
    • Step 5: Left, Inclined Forward
    • Step 6: Left, Inclined Forward
  189. Natural Roll, lady's Sway and Body Inclination
    • Step 1: Straight, Inclined Forward
    • Step 2: Left, Inclined Forward
    • Step 3: Left, Inclined Forward
    • Step 4: Straight, Inclined Back
    • Step 5: Right, Inclined Back
    • Step 6: Right, Inclined Back
  190. Natural Roll, Shaping
    Start and finish in Close Hold, with bodies in contact and left arm higher than normal
  191. Natural Roll, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: LEFT back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot closed to Right foot
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 5: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
  192. Natural Roll, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat (Heel flat as alternative footwork)
    • Step 5: Ball Flat
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
  193. Natural Roll, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward step
    • Step 2: Backward step turning
    • Step 3: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 4: Forward step
    • Step 5: Forward step turning
    • Step 6: Foot close with weight change
  194. Natural Roll, Lady's body turn
    • Steps 1 - 3: 1/4 Right
    • Steps 4 - 6: 1/4 Right
  195. Natural Roll, Precedes
    • Natural Basic Movement
    • Progressive Basic Movement
    • Samba Whisk to Left
    • Natural Roll
    • Close Rocks
    • Stationary Samba Walks on Left Foot
  196. Natural Roll, Follows
    • Natural Basic Movement
    • Progressive Basic Movement
    • Natural Roll
    • Corta Jaca
    • Close Rocks
  197. Natural Roll, Alignment
    • Man: Start facing Wall, Step 3 Backing LoD, Finish facing Centre
    • Lady: Start Backing Wall, Step 3 Facing LoD, Finish backing Centre
  198. Natural Roll, Note
    Overall charted body turn is 1/2 over the 6 steps. It is permissable however to under or over turn to achieve a required alignment
  199. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
  200. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Men's Steps
    • Step 1 - 3: Same as Samba Whisk to the Left.
    • Alternatively, the man could release hold and dance a Volta Spot Turn to the Left
  201. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Bounce Action
    Samba Bounce Action used throughout
  202. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Shaping
    • Start in Close Hold the Left Arm raised indicating a turn to the Right.
    • The Right Hand is released
    • Finish in Close Hold
  203. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot crossed in front of Left
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side and slightly back, TOE turned out
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot crossed in front of Left
  204. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
  205. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step turning to Latin Cross
    • Step 2: Side step with part weight
    • Step 3: Swivel on Ball of Right Foot to Latin Cross
  206. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Lady's body turn
    Steps 1 - 3: 1 complete turn to the Right
  207. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Precedes
    • Samba Whisk to Right
    • Volta Spot Turn to Left for Lady
    • Stationary Samba Walk (RLR)
    • Corta Jaca
  208. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Follows
    • Whisk to Right
    • Volta Spot Turn to Left for Lady
  209. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Alignment
    • Man: Start and finish facing Wall
    • Lady: Start and finish Backing Wall
  210. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
    • Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
  211. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Men's Steps
    • Step 1 - 3: Same as Samba Whisk to the Right.
    • Alternatively, the man could release hold and dance a Volta Spot Turn to the Right
  212. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Bounce Action
    Samba Bounce Action used throughout
  213. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Shaping
    • Start in Close Hold then Left Arm raised slightly to the Right indicating a turn to the Left
    • Finish in Close Hold
  214. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: LEFT foot crossed in front of Right
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back, TOE turned out
    • Step 3: LEFT foot crossed in front of Right
  215. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Lady's footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
  216. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Forward step turning to Latin Cross
    • Step 2: Side step with part weight
    • Step 3: Swivel on Ball of Left Foot to Latin Cross
  217. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Lady's body turn
    Steps 1 - 3: 1 complete turn to the Left
  218. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Precedes
    • Samba Whisk to Left
    • Volta Spot Turn to Right for Lady
    • Stationary Samba Walk (LRL)
  219. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Follows
    • Whisk to Left
    • Volta Spot Turn to Right for Lady
    • Side Samba Chasses
  220. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Alignment
    • Man: Start and finish facing Wall
    • Lady: Start and finish Backing Wall
  221. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Note
    The Volta Spot Turn to Left and Right For Lady with man dancing Samba Whisks is a good exercise to enable the lady to develop the Volta turning action required in Samba and for the man to develop good early shaping leads
  222. Rhythm Bounce
    • Useful when constructing routines to match the phrasing of the music
    • Also useful to overcome difficulties that sometimes arise when using basic figures to construct amalgamations that require exactly 4 or 8 bars of music
    • Can be used to rest (complete a figure then hold position and complete the Rhythmic Bounce) before continuing the routine
    • May be dance using normal Samba bounce Action or with the leg of the foot carrying full weight straight; the bounce is then produced using a lateral movement of the hips

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