# IDTA Associate Theory - SAMBA.txt

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1. Samba Time Signature
2/4 = 2 beats of 1/4 note (crochet) value to the bar
2. Samba Tempo
50 bars/minute or 100 beats/minute
3. Samba Rhythm
There is a predominant percussive accent on the 2nd beat of the bar
4. Timing and Beat Values
• Because of the music's polyrhythmic nature many figures consist of steps than need different beat values.
• The various combinations used in Associate syllabus are
• 3 steps: Timing 1 a 2; Beat value 3/4, 1/4, 1 (e.g. basic, whisk)
• 3 steps: Timing S Q Q; Beat value 1, 1/2, 1/2 (e.g. in Close Rocks, Natural Roll)
• 7 steps: Timing S Q Q Q Q Q Q; Beat value 1, 1/2, 1/2, 1/2, 1/2, 1/2, 1/2 (e.g. Corta Jaca)
• 2 steps: Timing S S; Beat value 1, 1 (eg Rhythm Bounce)
• 6 steps: Timing Q Q Q Q S S; Beat value 1/2, 1/2, 1/2, 1/2, 1, 1 (e.g. Samba Side Chasses)
5. Natural Basic, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
6. Natural Basic, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right
• Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 4: LEFT foot back
• Step 5: RIGHT foot closed to Left
• Step 6: LEFT foot in place
7. Natural Basic, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball
• Step 6: Ball Flat
8. Natural Basic, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Forward step
• Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 3: Weight transfer in place
• Step 4: Backward step
• Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 6: Weight transfer in place
9. Natural Basic, Men's Body Turn
• From no turn to 1/4 turn to Right over steps 1-6
10. Natural Basic, Bounce Action
Samba bounce action used throughout
11. Natural Basic, Shaping
Close hold throughout
12. Natural Basic, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Left
• Step 3: LEFT foot in place
• Step 4: RIGHT foot back
• Step 5: LEFT foot closed to Right
• Step 6: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball
• Step 6: Ball Flat
14. Natural Basic, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Backward step
• Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 3: Weight transfer in place
• Step 4: Forward step
• Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 6: Weight transfer in placeloor
15. Natural Basic, Lady's body turn
• From no turn to 1/4 turn to Right over steps 1-6
16. Natural Basic, Precedes
Any figure finished in Close Hold with Right foot free
17. Natural Basic, Follows
Any figure that commences with Right foot in Close Hold
18. Natural Basic, Alignment
• Depends on the preceding figure
• Can be started or finsihed in an standard alighment
19. Natural Basic, Note
It is sometimes convienient to use only steps 1-3 of the Natural Basic Movement and then to dance a figure that starts on the Left foot; e.g. when changing from Natural to Reverse Basic
20. Reverse Basic, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
21. Reverse Basic, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot forward
• Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Left
• Step 3: LEFT foot in place
• Step 4: RIGHT foot back
• Step 5: LEFT foot closed to Right
• Step 6: RIGHT foot in place
22. Reverse Basic, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball
• Step 6: Ball Flat
23. Reverse Basic, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Forward step
• Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 3: Weight transfer in place
• Step 4: Backward step
• Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 6: Weight transfer in place
24. Reverse Basic, Men's Body Turn
• From no turn to 1/4 turn to Left over steps 1-6
25. Reverse Basic, Bounce Action
Samba bounce action used throughout
26. Reverse Basic, Shaping
Close hold throughout
27. Reverse Basic, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back
• Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right
• Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 4: LEFT foot back
• Step 5: RIGHT foot closed to Left
• Step 6: LEFT foot in place
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball
• Step 6: Ball Flat
29. Reverse Basic, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Backward step
• Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 3: Weight transfer in place
• Step 4: Forward step
• Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 6: Weight transfer in placeloor
30. Reverse Basic, Lady's body turn
• From no turn to 1/4 turn to Left over steps 1-6
31. Reverse Basic, Precedes
Any figure finished in Close Hold with Left foot free
32. Reverse Basic, Follows
Any figure that commences with Left foot in Close Hold
33. Reverse Basic, Alignment
• Depends on the preceding figure
• Can be started or finsihed in an standard alighment
34. Reverse Basic, Note
It is sometimes convienient to use only steps 1-3 of the Reverse Basic Movement and then to dance a figure that starts on the Left foot; e.g. when changing from Reverse to Natural Basic
35. Progressive Basic, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
36. Progressive Basic, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right
• Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 4: LEFT foot side
• Step 5: RIGHT foot closed to Left
• Step 6: LEFT foot in place
37. Progressive Basic, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball
• Step 6: Ball Flat
38. Progressive Basic, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Forward step
• Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 3: Weight transfer in place
• Step 4: Side step
• Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 6: Weight transfer in place
39. Progressive Basic, Men's Body Turn
No turn
40. Progressive Basic, Bounce Action
Samba bounce action used throughout
41. Progressive Basic, Shaping
Close hold throughout
42. Progressive Basic, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Left
• Step 3: LEFT foot in place
• Step 4: RIGHT foot side
• Step 5: LEFT foot closed to Right
• Step 6: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball
• Step 6: Ball Flat
44. Progressive Basic, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Backward step
• Step 2: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 3: Weight transfer in place
• Step 4: Side step
• Step 5: Foot close with part weight change
• Step 6: Weight transfer in placeloor
45. Progressive Basic, Lady's body turn
No turn
46. Progressive Basic, Precedes
Any figure finished in Close Hold with Right foot free
47. Progressive Basic, Follows
Any figure that commences with Right foot in Close Hold
48. Progressive Basic, Alignment
• Man: start and finish Diagonal to Wall
• Lady: start and finish backing Diagonal to Wall
49. Describe the Samba Bounce
• A movement felt through the pelvis and knees in 1/2 beats of the music
• On count 'and', knees begin to straighten and heels lift from the floor as we move toward the apex of the bounce
• On counts 'one' and 'two, the knees begin to compress and heels lower to the floor as we move toward the base of the bounce
• Counted & 1 & 2 & 1 & 2
• Only used, with varying degrees, in figures with a 3/4 & 1/4 split in the following way:
• On count 'and' knees begin to straighten and heels lift
• On count 'one' knees begin to compress as the first step is taken ball flat (this has a 3/4 beat value)
• On count 'and' knees begin to straighten and heels lift
• On count 'a' (3/4 beat after 'one'), second step is taken, having only a 1/4 beat value and taken on the ball of the foot
• On count 'two' knees begin to compress and third step is taken ball flat
• On count 'and' the cycle repeats
50. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
51. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot to side
• Step 2: RIGHT foot crossed behind Left
• Step 3: LEFT foot in place
• Step 4: RIGHT foot side
• Step 5: LEFT foot crossed behind Right
• Step 6: RIGHT foot in place
52. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Ball Flat
53. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Side step
• Step 2: Latin Cross with part weigh
• Step 3: Weight transfer in place. Latin Cross
• Step 4: Side step
• Step 5: Latin Cross with part weight
• Step 6: Weight transfer in place. Latin Cross
54. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Men's Body Turn
No turn
55. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Bounce Action
Samba bounce action used throughout
56. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Shaping
Close hold throughout
57. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 2: LEFT foot crossed behind Right
• Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 4: LEFT foot side
• Step 5: RIGHT foot crossed behind Left
• Step 6: LEFT foot in place
58. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Lady's footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Ball Flat
59. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Side step
• Step 2: Latin Cross with part weight
• Step 3: Weight transfer in place. Latin Cross
• Step 4: Side step
• Step 5: Latin Cross with part weight
• Step 6: Weight transfer in place. Latin Cross
60. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Lady's body turn
No turn
61. Samba Whisk to Left, Precedes
• Samba Whisk to Right
• Reverse Basic Movement
• Promenade Samba Walk on Right (turn to face wall as LF taken to the side)
• Reverse Turn
• Corta Jaca
• Side Samba Walk turned 1/4 to Right
62. Samba Whisk to Right, Precedes
• Samba Whisk to Left
• Natural Basic Movement
• Natural Roll
63. Samba Whisk to Left, Follows
• Samba Whisk to Right
• Natural Basic Movement
• Natural Roll
• Corta Jaca
64. Samba Whisk to Right, Follows
• Samba Whisk to Left
• Natural Basic Movement
• Side Samba Chasses
• If turned to PP, Promenade Samba Walks
65. Samba Whisks to Left and Right, Alignment
• Man: start and finish facing Wall; can be started and finished facing centre
• Lady: start and finish backing Wall, can be started and finished backing centre
66. Pelvic Action
• In addition to samba bounce
• Some figures, i.e. Samba Walks and Botofogos
• Details in figures
• When used pelvis is:
• tilted forward in an upward direction at the end of Step 1, timed '1'
• tilted back, or diagonally back in side walks and botofogos, on step 2, timed 'a'
• returned to normal on step 3, timed '2'
• The tilt on count '1' of botofogo is less pronounced than in Samba Walks
67. Promenade Samba Walks, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
68. Promenade Samba Walks, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot forward in PP, Right knee closed toward Left knee
• Step 2: RIGHT foot back in PP, Toe turned out
• Step 3: LEFT foot slipped back in PP
• (repeated on Right Foot the ad lib. using LF and RF alternatively)
69. Promenade Samba Walks, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
• Step 3: Flat
70. Promenade Samba Walks, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Forward step, Pelvis tilted forward
• Step 2: Backward step with part weight, Pelvis tilted back
• Step 3: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
71. Promenade Samba Walks, Men's Body Turn
No turn
72. Promenade Samba Walks, Bounce Action
Slight Samba bounce action used throughout
Start and finish in PP
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in PP, Left knee closed toward Right knee
• Step 2: LEFT foot back in PP, Toe turned out
• Step 3: RIGHT foot slipped back in PP
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
• Step 3: Flat
• Step 1: Forward step, Pelvis tilted forward
• Step 2: Backward step with part weight, Pelvis tilted back
• Step 3: Foot slip approx 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
No turn
• Whisk to Right turned to PP
• Side Samba Walk
• After Promenade Samba Walk on Right: Whisk to Left
• After Promenade Samba Walk on Left: Side Samba Walk
Man and lady: start and finish on LoD in PP
81. Side Samba Walks, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
82. Side Samba Walks, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in PP, Left knee closed toward Right knee
• Step 2: LEFT to side in PP, Toe turned out
• Step 3: RIGHT foot slipped leftward in PP
83. Side Samba Walks, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
• Step 3: Flat
84. Side Samba Walks, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Forward step, Pelvis tilted forward
• Step 2: Side step with part weight, Pelvis tilted diagonally back
• Step 3: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
85. Side Samba Walks, Men's Body Turn
• No turn (as chart)
• 1/4 Turn Right over steps 2 & 3 to finish facing partner in Close Hold: Step 2 taken to side & slightly forward, step 3 is slipped back
86. Side Samba Walks, Bounce Action
Slight Samba bounce action used throughout
87. Side Samba Walks, Shaping
Start and finish in PP
88. Side Samba Walks, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: LEFT foot forward in PP, Right knee closed toward Left knee
• Step 2: RIGHT foot side in PP, Toe turned out
• Step 3: LEFT foot slipped rightward in PP
89. Side Samba Walks, Lady's footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
• Step 3: Flat
90. Side Samba Walks, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Forward step, Pelvis tilted forward
• Step 2: Side step with part weight, Pelvis tilted diagonally back
• Step 3: Foot slip approx 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
91. Side Samba Walks, Lady's body turn
• No turn (as chart)
• 1/8 Turn Left over steps 2 & 3 if Left hand is released to finish on Open PP L-R. Step 2 taken to side & slightly forward
• 1/4 Turn Left over steps 2 & 3 to finish facing partner in Close Hold: Step 2 taken to side & slightly forward, step 3 is slipped back
92. Side Samba Walks, Precedes
• Promenade Samba Walk on LF
93. Side Samba Walks, Follows
• Not Turn: Promenade Samba Walk on LF the first step taken forward and across RF
• 1/4 Turn Right: Whisks to Left, Promenade Botofogo, Stationary Samba Walks
94. Side Samba Walks, Alignment
Man and lady: start and finish on LoD in PP
95. Stationary Samba Walks, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
96. Stationary Samba Walks, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: Instep of LEFT foot closed to Tow of RIGHT foot
• Step 2: RIGHT Back, Toe turned out
• Step 3: LEFT foot slipped back
• Repeat on RF and then ad lib. using LF & RF alternatively
97. Stationary Samba Walks, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
• Step 3: Flat
98. Stationary Samba Walks, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Foot Close with Weight Change, Pelvis tilted forward
• Step 2: Back step with part weight, Pelvis tilted back
• Step 3: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
99. Stationary Samba Walks, Men's Body Turn
No turn
100. Stationary Samba Walks, Bounce Action
Slight Samba bounce action used throughout
101. Stationary Samba Walks, Shaping
Start and finish in Close Hold
102. Stationary Samba Walks, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: Instep of RIGHT foot closed to Toe of LEFT foot
• Step 2: LEFT foot Back, Toe turned out
• Step 3: RIGHT foot slipped back
103. Stationary Samba Walks, Lady's footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
• Step 3: Flat
104. Stationary Samba Walks, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Foot Close with Weight Change, Pelvis tilted forward
• Step 2: Back step with part weight, Pelvis tilted back
• Step 3: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm), Pelvis normal
105. Stationary Samba Walks, Lady's body turn
No turn
106. Stationary Samba Walks, Precedes
Side Samba Walk turne 1/4 R to face partner
107. Stationary Samba Walks, Follows
• After Stationary Samba Walk on RF: Samba Whisk to L, Promenade Botofogo, Volta Spot Turn to R for Lady
• After Stationary Samba Walk on LF: Samba Whisk to R, Corta Jaca, Natural Roll, Volta Spot Turn to L for Lady
108. Stationary Samba Walks, Alignment
• Man: start and finish facing wall
• Lady: start and finish backing wall
109. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: S - 1 beat
• Step 2: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 3: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 4: S - 1 beat
• Step 5: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 6: Q - 1/2 beat
110. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 2: LEFT foot forward
• Step 3: RIGHT foot crossed behind Left
• Step 4: LEFT foot forward
• Step 5: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 6: LEFT foot crossed behind Right
111. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Toe
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Toe
112. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Forward step
• Step 2: Forward step
• Step 3: Latin Cross
• Step 4: Forward step
• Step 5: Forward step
• Step 6: Latin Cross
113. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Men's Body Turn
No turn
114. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Bounce Action
No bounce action
115. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Shaping
Close hold throughout
116. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot with Toe turned out behind Left foot
• Step 3: LEFT foot crossed in front of Right foot
• Step 4: RIGHT foot back
• Step 5: LEFT foot with Toe turned out behind Right foot
• Step 6: RIGHT foot crossed in front of Left foot
117. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Lady's footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Flat
118. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Backward step
• Step 2: Ronde action from knee
• Step 3: Foot slip to Latin Cross
• Step 4: Backward step
• Step 5: Ronde action from kneww
• Step 6: Foot Slip to Latin Cross
119. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Lady's body turn
• Step 1: no turn
• Step 2: Slight turn to Right
• Step 3: no turn
• Step 4: no turn
• Step 5: Slight turn to Left
• Step 6: no turn
120. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Precedes
• Natural Basic Movement
• Natural Roll
121. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Follows
• Natural Basic Movement
• Natural Roll
• At a corner: Corta Jaca
• After steps 1-3: Reverse Basic Movement, Reverse Turn
122. Close Rocks on RF & LF, Alignment
• Man: start and finish facing LoD
• Lady: start and finish backing LoD
123. Reverse Turn, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
124. Reverse Turn, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot forward
• Step 2: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back, Toe turned out
• Step 3: LEFT foot crossed in front of Right foot
• Step 4: RIGHT foot back
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side
• Step 6: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
125. Reverse Turn, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball
• Step 6: Ball Flat
126. Reverse Turn, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Forward step
• Step 2: Side step with part weight
• Step 3: Latin Cross
• Step 4: Backward step
• Step 5: Side step with part weight
• Step 6: Foot close with weight change
127. Reverse Turn, Men's Body Turn
• Steps 1-3: 3/8 Left
• Steps 3-6: 1/4 Left
• Note 1: to achieve a particular alignment, from 1/4 to 1/2 turn can be made on steps 1-3 and on steps 4-6
128. Reverse Turn, Bounce Action
Samba bounce action used throughout
129. Reverse Turn, Sway and Body Inclination
• Step 1: Straight, Forward (Backward)
• Step 2: Left (Right), Forward (Backward)
• Step 3: Left (Right), Forward (Backward)
• Step 4: Straight, Backward (Forward)
• Step 5: Right (Left), Backward (Forward)
• Step 6: Right (Left), Backward (Forward)
130. Reverse Turn, Shaping
Close hold throughout
131. Reverse Turn, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back
• Step 2: LEFT to side
• Step 3: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
• Step 4: LEFT foot forward
• Step 5: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back, Toe turned out
• Step 6: LEFT foot crossed in front of Right foot
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Ball Flat
133. Reverse Turn, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Backward step
• Step 2: Side step with part weight
• Step 3: Foot close with weight change
• Step 4: Forward step
• Step 5: Side step with part weight
• Step 6: Latin Cross
134. Reverse Turn, Lady's body turn
• Step 1-3: 3/8 Left
• Step 4-6: 1/4 Left
• Note 1: to achieve a particular alignment, from 1/4 to 1/2 turn can be made on steps 1-3 and on steps 4-6
135. Reverse Turn, Precedes
• Reverse Basic Movement
• Steps 1-3 of Natural basic Movement
• Steps 1-3 of Close Rocks
136. Reverse Turn, Follows
• Reverse Turn
• Reverse Basic Movement
• Samba Whisk to Left
137. Reverse Turn, Alignment
• Man: start facing DC. Step 3 backing LoD. Finish facing Wall
• Lady: start backing DC. Step 3 facing LoD. Finish backing Wall
138. Samba Side Chasses, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 2: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 3: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 4: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 5: S - 1 beat
• Step 6: S - 1 beat
139. Samba Side Chasses, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot to side
• Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
• Step 3: LEFT foot to side
• Step 4: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side
• Step 6: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
140. Samba Side Chasses, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball Flat
141. Samba Side Chasses, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Side step
• Step 2: Foot close with weight change
• Step 3: Side step
• Step 4: Foot close with weight change
• Step 5: Side step
• Step 6: Foot close with weight change
142. Samba Side Chasses, Men's Body Turn
No turn
143. Samba Side Chasses, Bounce Action
• Rhythmic interpretation is unusual
• Slight Samba Bounce action required
• Achieved by pushing off the standing foot from a compressed knee
• Merengue type action
144. Samba Side Chasses, Shaping
Close hold throughout
145. Samba Side Chasses, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right foot
• Step 3: RIGHT foot to sidet
• Step 4: LEFT foot closed to Right foot
• Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 6: LEFT foot closed to Right foot
146. Samba Side Chasses, Lady's footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball Flat
147. Samba Side Chasses, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Side step
• Step 2: Foot close with weight change
• Step 3: Side step
• Step 4: Foot close with weight change
• Step 5: Side step
• Step 6: Foot close with weight change
148. Samba Side Chasses, Lady's body turn
No turn
149. Samba Side Chasses, Precedes
• Samba Whisk to Right
• Reverse Turn
• Volta spot turn to Left for Lady
150. Samba Side Chasses, Follows
• Samba Whisk to Left
• Volta Spot Turn to Right for Lady
• Samba Side Chasses
151. Samba Side Chasses, Alignment
• Man: Start and finish facing Wall
• Lady: Start and finish backing Wall
152. Corta Jaca, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: S - 1 beat
• Step 2: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 3: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 4: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 5: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 6-11: Q - 1/2 beat
153. Corta Jaca, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 2: LEFT foot forward and slightly to the side
• Step 3: RIGHT foot slipped leftward
• Step 4: LEFT foot back and slightly to the side
• Step 5: RIGHT foot slipped leftward
• Step 6-11: repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
154. Corta Jaca, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel Flat
• Step 2: Heel
• Step 3: Flat
• Step 4: Toe
• Step 5: Flat
• Step 6-11: repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
155. Corta Jaca, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Strong forward step with heel lead
• Step 2: Forward step on heel, foot does not lower
• Step 3: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm)
• Step 4: Backward step on toe, foot does not lower
• Step 5: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm)
• Step 6: Repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
156. Corta Jaca, Men's Body Turn
No turn
157. Corta Jaca, Bounce Action
None
158. Corta Jaca, Shaping
• Start in Close Hold
• Extend both arms forward slightly on step 1
• Finish in Close Hold, arms still extended
159. Corta Jaca, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: LEFT back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot back and slightly to the side
• Step 3: LEFT foot slipped rightward
• Step 4: RIGHT foot forward and slightly to the side
• Step 5: LEFT foot slipped rightward
• Step 6: Repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Flat
• Step 4: Heel
• Step 5: Flat
• Step 6: Repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
161. Corta Jaca, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Backward step
• Step 2: Backward step on toe, foot does not lower
• Step 3: Foot slip approximate 3inches (8cm)
• Step 4: Forward step on heel, foot does not lower
• Step 5: Foot slip approximately 3inches (8cm)
• Step 6: Repeat steps 2-5 and 2-3
162. Corta Jaca, Lady's body turn
No turn
163. Corta Jaca, Precedes
Natural Basic Movement
164. Whisk to Left
• Progressive basic Movement
• Stationary Samba Walk on Left Foot
165. Corta Jaca, Follows
• Steps 4-6 of Natural Basic Movement
• Steps 4-6 of Natural Roll
• Samba Whisk to Left
• Volta Spot Turn to Right for Lady
166. Corta Jaca, Alignment
• Man: Start and finish facing Wall
• Lady: Start and finish backing Wall
167. Travelling Botofogos, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 5: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 6: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 7: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 8: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 9: 2 - 1 beat
168. Travelling Botofogos, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot forward
• Step 2: RIGHT foot to side and slightly forward, TOE turned out (foot track is forward as turn is body turn, not foot)
• Step 3: LEFT foot in place
• Step 4: RIGHT foot forward outside partner in Right side
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward, TOE turned out
• Step 6: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 7: LEFT forward outside partner on Left
• Step 8: RIGHT foot to the side and slightly forward, TOE turned out
• Step 9: LEFT foot in place
169. Travelling Botofogos, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Inside edge of Toe
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Inside edge of Toe
• Step 6: Ball Flat
• Step 7: Ball Flat
• Step 8: Inside edge of Toe
• Step 9: Ball Flat
170. Travelling Botofogos, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Forward step
• Step 2: Point with part weight
• Step 3: Weight transfer in place
• Step 4: Forward step outside partner
• Step 5: Point with part weight
• Step 6: Weight transfer in place
• Step 7: Forward step outside partner
• Step 8: Point with part weight
• Step 9: Weight transfer in place
171. Travelling Botofogos, Men's Body Turn
• Step 1: no turn
• Step 2 & 3: 1/8 Left
• Step 4: No turn
• Step 5 & 6: 1/4 Right
• Step 7: No turn
• Step 8 & 9 1/4 Left
172. Travelling Botofogos, Bounce Action
Slight Samba Bounce action throughout
173. Travelling Botofogos, Shaping
Start and finish in Close Hold
174. Travelling Botofogos, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: RIGHT back
• Step 2: LEFT foot to side and slightly back, TOE turned out
• Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 4: LEFT foot back, partner outside on Right side
• Step 5: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back, TOE turned out
• Step 6: LEFT foot in place
• Step 7: RIGHT foot back, partner outside on Left side
• Step 8: LEFT foot to side and slightly back, TOE turned out
• Step 9: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Inside Edge of Toe
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Inside edge of Toe
• Step 6: Ball Flat
• Step 7: Ball Flat
• Step 8: Inside Edge of Toe
• Step 9: Ball Flat
176. Travelling Botofogos, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Backward step
• Step 2: Point with part weight
• Step 3: Weight transfer in place
• Step 4: Backward step
• Step 5: Point with part weight
• Step 6: Weight transfer in place
• Step 7: Backward step
• Step 8: Point with part weight
• Step 9: Weight transfer in place
177. Travelling Botofogos, Lady's body turn
• Step 1: No turn
• Step 2 & 3: 1/8 Left
• Step 4: No turn
• Step 5 & 6: 1/4 Right
• Step 7: No turn
• Step 8 & 9: 1/4 Left
178. Travelling Botofogos, Precedes
• Reverse Basic Movement
• Steps 1-3 of Natural Basic Movement
• Reverse Turn
179. Travelling Botofogos, Follows
Natural Basic Movement commenced outside partner
180. Travelling Botofogos, Alignment
• Man: Start facing LoD, Step 3 facing DC, Step 6 facing DW. Finish facing DC
• Lady: Start backing LoD, Step 3 backing DC, Step 6 backing DW. Finish backing DC
181. Travelling Botofogos, Note
Pelvic action is used by the man (only) during Travelling Botofogos
182. Natural Roll, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: S - 1 beat
• Step 2: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 3: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 4: S - 1 beat
• Step 5: Q - 1/2 beat
• Step 6: Q - 1/2 beat
183. Natural Roll, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 2: LEFT foot to side
• Step 3: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
• Step 4: LEFT foot back
• Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 6: LEFT foot closed to Right foot
184. Natural Roll, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat (Heel flat as alternative footwork)
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball Flat
185. Natural Roll, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Forward step
• Step 2: Forward step turning
• Step 3: Foot close with weight change
• Step 4: Backward step
• Step 5: Backward step turning
• Step 6: Foot close with weight change
186. Natural Roll, Men's Body Turn
• Steps 1 - 3: 1/4 Right
• Steps 4 - 6: 1/4 Right
187. Natural Roll, Bounce Action
None
188. Natural Roll, Man's Sway and Body Inclination
• Step 1: Straight, Inclined Back
• Step 2: Right, Inclined Back
• Step 3: Right, Inclined Back
• Step 4: Straight, Inclined Forward
• Step 5: Left, Inclined Forward
• Step 6: Left, Inclined Forward
189. Natural Roll, lady's Sway and Body Inclination
• Step 1: Straight, Inclined Forward
• Step 2: Left, Inclined Forward
• Step 3: Left, Inclined Forward
• Step 4: Straight, Inclined Back
• Step 5: Right, Inclined Back
• Step 6: Right, Inclined Back
190. Natural Roll, Shaping
Start and finish in Close Hold, with bodies in contact and left arm higher than normal
191. Natural Roll, Lady's Foot Position
• Step 1: LEFT back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 3: LEFT foot closed to Right foot
• Step 4: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side
• Step 6: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 4: Ball Flat (Heel flat as alternative footwork)
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball Flat
193. Natural Roll, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1: Backward step
• Step 2: Backward step turning
• Step 3: Foot close with weight change
• Step 4: Forward step
• Step 5: Forward step turning
• Step 6: Foot close with weight change
194. Natural Roll, Lady's body turn
• Steps 1 - 3: 1/4 Right
• Steps 4 - 6: 1/4 Right
195. Natural Roll, Precedes
• Natural Basic Movement
• Progressive Basic Movement
• Samba Whisk to Left
• Natural Roll
• Close Rocks
• Stationary Samba Walks on Left Foot
196. Natural Roll, Follows
• Natural Basic Movement
• Progressive Basic Movement
• Natural Roll
• Corta Jaca
• Close Rocks
197. Natural Roll, Alignment
• Man: Start facing Wall, Step 3 Backing LoD, Finish facing Centre
• Lady: Start Backing Wall, Step 3 Facing LoD, Finish backing Centre
198. Natural Roll, Note
Overall charted body turn is 1/2 over the 6 steps. It is permissable however to under or over turn to achieve a required alignment
199. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
200. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Men's Steps
• Step 1 - 3: Same as Samba Whisk to the Left.
• Alternatively, the man could release hold and dance a Volta Spot Turn to the Left
201. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Bounce Action
Samba Bounce Action used throughout
202. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Shaping
• Start in Close Hold the Left Arm raised indicating a turn to the Right.
• The Right Hand is released
• Finish in Close Hold
• Step 1: RIGHT foot crossed in front of Left
• Step 2: LEFT foot to side and slightly back, TOE turned out
• Step 3: RIGHT foot crossed in front of Left
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 1: Forward step turning to Latin Cross
• Step 2: Side step with part weight
• Step 3: Swivel on Ball of Right Foot to Latin Cross
Steps 1 - 3: 1 complete turn to the Right
207. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Precedes
• Samba Whisk to Right
• Volta Spot Turn to Left for Lady
• Stationary Samba Walk (RLR)
• Corta Jaca
208. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Follows
• Whisk to Right
• Volta Spot Turn to Left for Lady
209. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Alignment
• Man: Start and finish facing Wall
• Lady: Start and finish Backing Wall
210. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 3/4 beat
• Step 2: a - 1/4 beat
• Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
211. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Men's Steps
• Step 1 - 3: Same as Samba Whisk to the Right.
• Alternatively, the man could release hold and dance a Volta Spot Turn to the Right
212. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Bounce Action
Samba Bounce Action used throughout
213. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Shaping
• Start in Close Hold then Left Arm raised slightly to the Right indicating a turn to the Left
• Finish in Close Hold
• Step 1: LEFT foot crossed in front of Right
• Step 2: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back, TOE turned out
• Step 3: LEFT foot crossed in front of Right
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Ball Flat
• Step 1: Forward step turning to Latin Cross
• Step 2: Side step with part weight
• Step 3: Swivel on Ball of Left Foot to Latin Cross
Steps 1 - 3: 1 complete turn to the Left
218. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Precedes
• Samba Whisk to Left
• Volta Spot Turn to Right for Lady
• Stationary Samba Walk (LRL)
219. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Follows
• Whisk to Left
• Volta Spot Turn to Right for Lady
• Side Samba Chasses
220. Volta Spot Turn to Right For Lady, Alignment
• Man: Start and finish facing Wall
• Lady: Start and finish Backing Wall
221. Volta Spot Turn to Left For Lady, Note
The Volta Spot Turn to Left and Right For Lady with man dancing Samba Whisks is a good exercise to enable the lady to develop the Volta turning action required in Samba and for the man to develop good early shaping leads
222. Rhythm Bounce
• Useful when constructing routines to match the phrasing of the music
• Also useful to overcome difficulties that sometimes arise when using basic figures to construct amalgamations that require exactly 4 or 8 bars of music
• Can be used to rest (complete a figure then hold position and complete the Rhythmic Bounce) before continuing the routine
• May be dance using normal Samba bounce Action or with the leg of the foot carrying full weight straight; the bounce is then produced using a lateral movement of the hips
 Author: Markaich ID: 167105 Card Set: IDTA Associate Theory - SAMBA.txt Updated: 2012-12-11 13:09:44 Tags: Latin Dance Laird Theory Samba Exam4 Folders: Description: IDTA Associate Theory - Samba Show Answers: