When social norms are non-existent due to societal crisis such as poor economy.
The theory that suggests there are too many stimuli in the real world that cause some people to commit crime.
"An action followed by a small but immediate gratification will tend to be repeated, even though it is followed by a large but delayed painful consequence".
Hans Eysenck, Psychologist
The concept that all behavior is in response to stimuli. Behavior is shaped by the presense or absense of various reinforcers to stimulate behavior and punishers that extinguish behavior. What is this explanation of behavior called?
Theory of Genetic Misfits
Biological Determinism, Lombroso via Darwin
Government agencies, facilities and techniques to deal with the accused or convicted.
Study of Crime and Criminals
Thesis that suggests that crime occurs across generations with persistent criminal and deviant values.
Cultural Transmission Thesis
Punishment discourages future crime
Criminal behaviors and actions are learned through social interaction.
Differential Association Theory, Edwin H. Sutherland
Who advocated that offenders be exposed to prosocial definitions in a group context within correctional settings.
Criminal behavior is cast in a positive or neutral light. Robin Hood.
Mind influenced by parental training.
Punish one, deter all.
The unconscious primitive urges of the mind.
When the offender models the behavior seen in others in order to learn.
Penal philosophy that emphasizes separation of offenders to reduce the opportunity for crime.
Penal philosophy that emphasizes punishment and getting the rotten apple out of society.
Law of Retaliation, eye for eye
Definitions are values and behaviors that are either prosocial or procriminal. Criminals are exposed to more procriminal definitions as described in this Differential Association Theory. What is element missing from this theory according to Burgess and Akers?