Understand and be able to match the key reformers with their reformation periods (Late Medieval/Pre-Reformation, German, or Swiss) and their contributions. (Sect. 31–34)
The Swiss Reformation in Geneva
34.2. John Calvin (1509-1564) 34.2.1.
Biblical humanism — Calvin was deeply influenced by Erasmus.
34.2.2. Exile from France While studying theology at the University of Paris, Calvin was influenced by Luther and otherreformers. He helped Leonard Kopp write a speech that infuriated the Bishop of Paris. Thebishop persuaded the king of France to kick Calvin and Kopp out of France.
34.2.3. Life in Strasbourg Strasbourg was a free city, not French or German, but open to both nationalities.
34.2.4. Institutes of the Christian Religion — the first, major Protestant systematic theology – amonumental work.
34.2.5. First call to Geneva (1536) There he met William Farel, a fiery preacher and devout evangelical, who urged Calvin towork with him to thoroughly reform Geneva.
- 34.2.6. Early reforms Calvin proposed new strict moral code based on the Bible that
- would be the basis of the city’slaws. Naturally, the people of Geneva believed that they had thrown away one church only tosee it replaced by an identical twin; in particular, they saw Calvin's reforms as imposing anew form of papacy on the people, only with different names and different people
34.2.7. Forced to flee Geneva The city saw Calvin's reforms as imposing a new form of papacy on the people, only withdifferent names and different people. Weary of the stringent discipline imposed on them,expelled Calvin and Farel.
34.2.8. Marriage He married Idelette de Bure. After her death he became a bachelor, scholar and preacher.
34.2.9. 2nd call to Geneva: The Consistory The Consistory was a deliberative body that made up laws for Geneva based on the Bible. Theyinvited Calvin and Farel to return, giving them a mandate to reform the city. They established atheocracy. If convicted of heresy, one could be executed.