PPE- Chapter 1

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Author:
Rburk022
ID:
167142
Filename:
PPE- Chapter 1
Updated:
2012-09-23 20:09:23
Tags:
Intro Personality
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Description:
Intro to Personality
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  1. The study of individuals

    The underlying causes within the person of
    individual behavior and experience.
    Personality
  2. an all or nothing thing (qualitative variable) a person belongs to one and only one category
    Personality types
  3. scores are continuous (quantitative) variables. A person can be described on every trait
    Personality trait
  4. continuous (quantitative) variables. A person
    can be described on every factor.
    Personality Factor
  5. Involving comparisons with other individuals;
    research based on groups of people
    Nomothetic
  6. focusing on one individual
    Idiographic
  7. assumption that phenomena have causes that can be discovered by empirical research.
    Determinism
  8. conceptual tool for understanding certain specific phenomena
    Theory
  9. Can predict correctly or incorrectly
    verifiability
  10. value a small number of constructs to explain phenomena
    parsimony and heuristic
  11. Ideas about personality that are held by ordinary people (not based on formal theory)
    Implicit theories
  12. Repeatability, as when a measurement is repeated at another time or by another observer, with similar results
    Reliability
  13. desirable characteristic of a test, indicating that it actually does measure what it is intended to measure
    Validity
  14. Research method that examines the relationship among measures
    Correlational research
  15. research strategy that manipulates a cause to determine its effect.
    Experimental research

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