PPE- Chapter 1
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The study of individuals
The underlying causes within the person of
individual behavior and experience.
an all or nothing thing (qualitative variable) a person belongs to one and only one category
scores are continuous (quantitative) variables. A person can be described on every trait
continuous (quantitative) variables. A person
can be described on every factor.
Involving comparisons with other individuals;
research based on groups of people
focusing on one individual
assumption that phenomena have causes that can be discovered by empirical research.
conceptual tool for understanding certain specific phenomena
Can predict correctly or incorrectly
value a small number of constructs to explain phenomena
parsimony and heuristic
Ideas about personality that are held by ordinary people (not based on formal theory)
Repeatability, as when a measurement is repeated at another time or by another observer, with similar results
desirable characteristic of a test, indicating that it actually does measure what it is intended to measure
Research method that examines the relationship among measures
research strategy that manipulates a cause to determine its effect.
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