Art of the Ancient Near East (part 1)

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felara9614
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167206
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Art of the Ancient Near East (part 1)
Updated:
2012-08-27 22:09:25
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APAH
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Art of the Ancient Near East (part 1)
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    • Human Skull
    • Era: Ancient Near East
    • Techniques:
    • actual human skull
    • people were decapitated after death, had their skulls picked clean by birds and then covered in mud and stuck on a stick where they were buried
    • spirit trap used to preserve the soul
    • decorated the skull to make it life-like
    • in laid shells and stones for the eyes
    • paint hair on the skull or use a wig
    • individualistic
    • both sculpture and portraiture
    • Seated Goddess
    • Era: Ancient Near East 5900 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • painted clay 
    • 2 inches tall
    • cross-like pattern could mean that she is an agrarian goddess
    • small hands and feet with no face
    • represents fertility of the earth
    • Human Figure
    • Era: Ancient Near East 6750-6250 BCE
    • Location: Ain Ghazal
    • Techniques:
    • 3'5" tall
    • plaster with a core of reeds and twine
    • beginning of monumental sculpture in ANE
    • often found buried signifying a ritualistic purpose
    • painted and in laid with shells
    • eyes outlines in bitumen (black, tar-like substance)
    • hair and clothing painted on
    • not gender specific 
    • tattoos served a religious purpose
    • Reconstruction of Shrine
    • Era: Ancient Near East
    • Location: Catal Huyuk
    • Techniques:
    • animals painted on the walls
    • bucrania (bull skulls) were hung to protect dieties and ward off evil
    • Schematic Reconstruction of Catal Huyuk
    • Era: Ancient Near East
    • Techniques:
    • 32 acres 
    • all houses shared walls
    • no roads
    • enter or exit a house through windows or doors to the roof to provide security
    • shared a think outer wall for portection
    • Deer Hunt
    • Era: Ancient Near East
    • Location: Catal Huyuk
    • Techniques:
    • realistic
    • composite figures (frontal bodies but profile head and legs)
    • Dancing Hunter
    • Era: Ancient Near East
    • Location: Catal Huuk, Deer Hunt
    • Techniques
    • painted on dry plaster on a wall
    • compostie figure
    • dots represent the movement of skirt
    • Landscape with Volcanic Eruption
    • Era: Ancient Near East, 
    • Techniques:
    • twin volcanos, Hasan-dag
    • 6000 ft mountain
    • fear of nature
    • goal- to strike fear and awe in the viewer
    • Underworld rising up
    • abstract-homes reduced to basic geometric shapes
    • story, not a landscape painting
    • Kneeling Man-Bull
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Sumerian 6000 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • made out of silver
    • seated to mak an offering that he is holding in between his hooves
    • sweeping planes and contours
    • curvilinear
    • sad and graceful gesture
    • observation of nature
    • incredible skill to bend metal
    • patern on body could be ritualistic
    • White Temple
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Sumerian 3200-3000 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • 40 foot ziggurat shows that gods were ranked above men
    • dedicated to sun god, Amu
    • temple for priests and leaders of the city
    • located in center of city and surrounded by enbattlement wall
    • central hall in temple call cella - lacation of main alter, extremely sacred
    • cella was waiting room for priests to meet with gods
    • serpentine entrance to temple provided protection
    • bent axis approach (corners hit north, south, east, and west)
    • Ziggurat at Ur
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Sumerian 2100 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • mud bricks mixed with bitumin
    • 3 levels, a sort of step pyramid
    • 3 main entrance stairways each with 100 steps
    • 2 side stairways steeper than middle one designed for animals and carts
    • top level only priests could enter
    • Female Head
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Sumerian 3500-3000 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • sculpture out of marble and alabaster
    • not complete head
    • should have been attached to wooden backboard
    • in laid with shells, white stones, onyx and lapis lazuli
    • elaborate wig because of slit in head
    • soft, rounded cheeks
    • delicate, soft, tiny, sophisticated, beautifully formed lips
    • extraordinary skill of the artists creates exceptional beauty showing that she was a goddess
    • Statuettes from the Temple Abu
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Sumerian 2700-2600 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • marble
    • in laid with shells and black limestone
    • position suggests prayer or holding a ritualistic vessel
    • cone-shaped lower bodies and cylindrical bodies
    • corigated hair on males
    • female hair in braids or buns
    • Abu's skirts have distinctive markings
    • Abu's eyes are very wide showing his commitment to the gods
    • tiny hands heads tilted upward
    • types not individuals (no detail in face)
    • Scenes of War
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Sumerian 2700 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • in laid with lapis lazuli in background and red limestone
    • types
    • stylized figures, not realistic
    • some animals have too many legs demonstrating movement and that there are multiple animals in profile
    • hierarchy of size - all figures same size except king at top center
    • story line from left to right, bottom to top
    • ground line
    • Warka Vase
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Sumerian 3200-2000 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • base made of alabster
    • first narrative relief sculpture
    • frieze - continuous relieft sculpture across a band
    • ground line
    • wavy line represents water
    • alternate male and female animals
    • no overlap of figures
    • compostie figures
    • giant frontal eye, conceptual
    • female with horned headress either goddess or priestess
    • hierarchy of scale
    • clothed man could be priest king
    • symbolic marriage between king and goddess supports good will
    • Panel from Sound Box of Royal Lyre
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Sumerian 2600 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • in laid shells demonstrate mythological scene of animals and men
    • background carved away and filled with bitumin
    • ivory figures stand out against black
    • top register - master of animals scene
    • second reigster -  animals bringing animal food to table
    • third register - animal musicians
    • man dominating animal theme
    • Bull's Head from Sound Box of Royal Lyre
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Sumerian 2600 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • gold sheets painted on around wooden core
    • hair and horns made of lapis lazuli to give it lively color
    • Head of Akkadian Ruler
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Akkadian 2200 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • made of bronze 
    • could be Sargon
    • in laid eyes to make face life-like
    • different textures of hair and flesh
    • eyebrows engraved in high arches show character
    • earliest hollow cast bronze
    • serenity, dignity, and authority*
    • combination of naturalism and abstration
    • high paTina shine in bronze
    • Victory Stele of Naram-Sim
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Akkadian 2200 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • made of pink sandstone
    • horned helmet and 3 stars symbolize divine support
    • divinely granted authority over another people
    • hierarchy of scale 
    • first time king appears as a god in Mesopotamian art
    • orderly placement of troops shows control
    • compostie figures
    • Gudea Worshiping
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Guti 2100 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • made out of dolerite (very rich stone that had to be imported)
    • multiple versions
    • vacant eyes - dutiful, wakeful
    • cylindrical compact bodies
    • cunea form of body (possibly could be rolled in ink and then on paper
    • Stele of Hammurabi
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Babylonian 1780 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • black basalt
    • relief sculpture
    • Hammurabi recieving laws from god Shumash
    • bodies at 3/4 angle toward viewer
    • hierarchy of scale with the god seated
    • curved parallel lines up turban show that turban is wrapped, attempt at foreshortening* to create depth
    • throne is made of geometric shapes
    • recession into space is attempted in the god's beard

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