# Psych Notes

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1. What are the two types of Choice Behavior?
Simple Choice and Concurrent Choice
2. How do we study Choice Behavior in the lab?
With Skinner boxes and lever-pressing behavior.
3. What happens during simple choice procedures?
There are two response alternatives, each on its own schedule of reinforcement.
4. What are Concurrent Schedules? What are some real world examples?
Allow for continuous measurement of choice because the organism is free to change between the response alternatives at any time.
5. How to measure Choice Behavior using Concurrent Choice Procedures?
Calculate relative rate of responding for alternatvies. Rate of responding for alternative divided by total rate of responding.
6. Relative Rates of Responding (formula)
BL/(BL+BR)
7. Relative Rate of Reinforcement (formula)
rL/(rL+rR) - influenced by Relative Rates of Responding
8. The Matching Law (and formula)
BL/BR = rL/rR - Relative Rates or Responding match Relative Rate of Reinforcement
9. When can the Matching Law not be true
If Sensitivity and response bias are not taken into account with a generalized formula BL/BR = b(rL/rR)^s
10. Undermatching and Overmatching in the Matching Law
11. Response Bias in the Matching Law
Bias for a response alternative because more effort is required for other alternatives without a significantly stronger reinforcer.
12. What does the Matching Law predict and NOT predict?
Does not predict that a choice will occur, it predicts the fraction of time in which a certain choice will occur.
13. Molecular Maximization
Choosing whatever alternative is most likely to be reinforced at the time.
14. Molar Maximization
Distributing choices among alternatives to maximize amount of reinforcement in the "long run".
15. Melioration
Acting to make something better. Choices are not optimal in the long run.
16. Self-Control
Choice of a larger, delayed reinforcer over a smaller, less delayed reinforcer.
17. Impulsivity
Chocie of a smaller, more immediate reinforcer over a larger, more delayed reinforcer.
18. Factors that influence impulsivity
Reinforcer type, quality, amount, and delay
19. How is impulsivity affected by delay to reinforcement
As delay for both reinforcers increase, choice for self-control increases.
20. Direct Choice Procedure
21. Concurrent Chain Procedure
22. Precommitment
23. Value Discounting Function
24. Value Discounting Function (formula) - Know how k relates to impulsivity
25. Differences between Associative Structure and Behavioral Regulatory perspectives?
26. Pavlovian vs. Skinnerian
27. Two-Process Theory
28. S-O Association
29. Consummatory-Response Theory
30. Premack Principle
31. Premack Principle (Instrumental and Reinforcer Responses)
32. Response Deprivation Hypothesis
33. Response Deprivation Hypothesis suggests about how instrumental conditioning procedures affect reinforcement
34. Behavioral Bliss Point
35. How to plot Bliss Point and minimal deviation points
36. Behavioral Regulation functions much like _____________.
Homeostasis
37. Comparisons between what Psychologists and Economists study
38. Consumer Demand
39. Elasticity of Demand
40. What factors affect Elasticity of Demand?
 Author: spazguitar306 ID: 16721 Card Set: Psych Notes Updated: 2010-04-29 02:04:51 Tags: psych Folders: Description: notes for my psych test tomorrow. Show Answers: