Card Set Information
notes for my psych test tomorrow.
What are the two types of Choice Behavior?
Simple Choice and Concurrent Choice
How do we study Choice Behavior in the lab?
With Skinner boxes and lever-pressing behavior.
What happens during simple choice procedures?
There are two response alternatives, each on its own schedule of reinforcement.
What are Concurrent Schedules? What are some real world examples?
Allow for continuous measurement of choice because the organism is free to change between the response alternatives at any time.
How to measure Choice Behavior using Concurrent Choice Procedures?
Calculate relative rate of responding for alternatvies. Rate of responding for alternative divided by total rate of responding.
Relative Rates of Responding (formula)
Relative Rate of Reinforcement (formula)
rL/(rL+rR) - influenced by Relative Rates of Responding
The Matching Law (and formula)
BL/BR = rL/rR - Relative Rates or Responding match Relative Rate of Reinforcement
When can the Matching Law not be true
If Sensitivity and response bias are not taken into account with a generalized formula BL/BR = b(rL/rR)^s
Undermatching and Overmatching in the Matching Law
Response Bias in the Matching Law
Bias for a response alternative because more effort is required for other alternatives without a significantly stronger reinforcer.
What does the Matching Law predict and NOT predict?
Does not predict that a choice will occur, it predicts the fraction of time in which a certain choice will occur.
Choosing whatever alternative is most likely to be reinforced at the time.
Distributing choices among alternatives to maximize amount of reinforcement in the "long run".
Acting to make something better. Choices are not optimal in the long run.
Choice of a larger, delayed reinforcer over a smaller, less delayed reinforcer.
Chocie of a smaller, more immediate reinforcer over a larger, more delayed reinforcer.
Factors that influence impulsivity
Reinforcer type, quality, amount, and delay
How is impulsivity affected by delay to reinforcement
As delay for both reinforcers increase, choice for self-control increases.
Direct Choice Procedure
Concurrent Chain Procedure
Value Discounting Function
Value Discounting Function (formula) - Know how k relates to impulsivity
Differences between Associative Structure and Behavioral Regulatory perspectives?
Pavlovian vs. Skinnerian
Premack Principle (Instrumental and Reinforcer Responses)
Response Deprivation Hypothesis
Response Deprivation Hypothesis suggests about how instrumental conditioning procedures affect reinforcement
Behavioral Bliss Point
How to plot Bliss Point and minimal deviation points
Behavioral Regulation functions much like _____________.
Comparisons between what Psychologists and Economists study
Elasticity of Demand
What factors affect Elasticity of Demand?