Psych Notes

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Psych Notes
2010-04-28 22:04:51

notes for my psych test tomorrow.
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  1. What are the two types of Choice Behavior?
    Simple Choice and Concurrent Choice
  2. How do we study Choice Behavior in the lab?
    With Skinner boxes and lever-pressing behavior.
  3. What happens during simple choice procedures?
    There are two response alternatives, each on its own schedule of reinforcement.
  4. What are Concurrent Schedules? What are some real world examples?
    Allow for continuous measurement of choice because the organism is free to change between the response alternatives at any time.
  5. How to measure Choice Behavior using Concurrent Choice Procedures?
    Calculate relative rate of responding for alternatvies. Rate of responding for alternative divided by total rate of responding.
  6. Relative Rates of Responding (formula)
  7. Relative Rate of Reinforcement (formula)
    rL/(rL+rR) - influenced by Relative Rates of Responding
  8. The Matching Law (and formula)
    BL/BR = rL/rR - Relative Rates or Responding match Relative Rate of Reinforcement
  9. When can the Matching Law not be true
    If Sensitivity and response bias are not taken into account with a generalized formula BL/BR = b(rL/rR)^s
  10. Undermatching and Overmatching in the Matching Law
  11. Response Bias in the Matching Law
    Bias for a response alternative because more effort is required for other alternatives without a significantly stronger reinforcer.
  12. What does the Matching Law predict and NOT predict?
    Does not predict that a choice will occur, it predicts the fraction of time in which a certain choice will occur.
  13. Molecular Maximization
    Choosing whatever alternative is most likely to be reinforced at the time.
  14. Molar Maximization
    Distributing choices among alternatives to maximize amount of reinforcement in the "long run".
  15. Melioration
    Acting to make something better. Choices are not optimal in the long run.
  16. Self-Control
    Choice of a larger, delayed reinforcer over a smaller, less delayed reinforcer.
  17. Impulsivity
    Chocie of a smaller, more immediate reinforcer over a larger, more delayed reinforcer.
  18. Factors that influence impulsivity
    Reinforcer type, quality, amount, and delay
  19. How is impulsivity affected by delay to reinforcement
    As delay for both reinforcers increase, choice for self-control increases.
  20. Direct Choice Procedure
  21. Concurrent Chain Procedure
  22. Precommitment
  23. Value Discounting Function
  24. Value Discounting Function (formula) - Know how k relates to impulsivity
  25. Differences between Associative Structure and Behavioral Regulatory perspectives?
  26. Pavlovian vs. Skinnerian
  27. Two-Process Theory
  28. S-O Association
  29. Consummatory-Response Theory
  30. Premack Principle
  31. Premack Principle (Instrumental and Reinforcer Responses)
  32. Response Deprivation Hypothesis
  33. Response Deprivation Hypothesis suggests about how instrumental conditioning procedures affect reinforcement
  34. Behavioral Bliss Point
  35. How to plot Bliss Point and minimal deviation points
  36. Behavioral Regulation functions much like _____________.
  37. Comparisons between what Psychologists and Economists study
  38. Consumer Demand
  39. Elasticity of Demand
  40. What factors affect Elasticity of Demand?