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What three forces affect air movement?
- Pressure gradient force(from hight to low)
- Coriolis effect(air deflected)
What are the four atmospheric lifting mechanisms?
- Orographic lifting
- Frontal lifting
Bring air to saturation.
What conditions are necessary in order for thunderstorms to form?
What happens during El-Nino?
- Easterly trade winds reverse. In the Pacific Ocean upwelling is suppressed.
- Dry conditions over northern Australia. Wet conditions over South America.
- Famine, flooding, drought occur.
What kind of conditions prevail over West and East coasts?
- East coast- more precipitation because of the presence of warm water currents.
- West coast - dry because of the presence of cold water currents.
What are the three common cloud types?
What is the energy balance equation?
SW↓ - SW↑ - LW↑ + LW↓ = S + L + G + M
- S = sensible heat flux
- L = latent heat flux(evaporation)
- G = ground heat flux
- M = metabolic heat flux(photosynthesis)