Card Set Information
who what why
1. catholic prelate and bishop of hippo
2. - he said rome was punished for politician's sins.
- drew a line b/w ppl who lived by god and who would go to hell
a. byzantine emporer
b. -strongly against pagan ways in christianity.
-he fought against his people and died.
pope clement v
a. french pope
b. he protected catholic kinights templars by moving the papacy to avignon
fourth lateral council
a. council the reps the church
b. made decrees. pontiffs had authority over theological and political issues
carlos I/ charles v
a. king of spain and holy roman emporer
b. -bought his way to imperial corwn.
-his army sacked rome.
-he fought against luther but couldn't suppress his movement.
a. torturing of accused heretics until they confessed
b. shows time's inhumanity of humans toward each other. (prey
: jew, blacks, minority)
a. buying/selling everything in Holy See
b. people could buy positions and get out of punishment
b. against luther. lost many chances of suppressing his movement. (courting federick of saxony). was excommunicated by luther
a. dominacan friar; famous in florence.
b. -he presented florence a democratic government w/out corruption.
-upset by vatican orgerires and alexander vi's ponography. burned pornography and gambling things. tried to remove alexander
lorenzo de medici
a. italian statesman; held florentine power
b. was almost murdered by pope sixtus IV and pazzi family but sought revenge by torturing and killing pazzi gang
a. leage of 70 towns around bremen, hamburg and lubeck
b. combatted piracy and foreign trade restrictions
a. king of france
b.- saved leonardo da vinci.
-agreed with luther about purgatory and turned from the pope
a. italian pope
b. rebuked cardinal borgia for inviting women to his party without their husbands, fathers, and brothers.
rodrigo lanzol y boriga/ pope alexander vi
a. 2nd borgia pope; lived from 1492-1503
b. - bought his position to book and suppressed books against papacy.
-loved pornography and broke commandments. slept with many women. horny dude.
a. italian cardinal and pope alexander vi's son
b. got red hat from his father and was a murderer
a. introduced movable type
b. his printing expanded literacy
sir thomas moore
a. english statesman and king henry viii's high chancellor
b. -opposed king henry viii and catherine's divore and his marriage to anne.
-kept silent about the act of succession and didn't go to anne's coronation.
-jailed and beheaded
giovanni pico della mirandola
a. italian philosopher and humanist
b. -he suggested similarity b/w jewish thoughts and the gospel.
-found 900 theses about christianity coming from hebrew, arabic, greek, latin sources.
-pope julius II denounced his thesus, ordered an apologia. -arrested imprisoned and poisoned
a. dutch scholar.
b. -used satire for his books.
-defended luther and sent advice to him but later angered him.
-victimized by revolution and died a matyr of everything he despised.
a. pope who was the enemy of europe
b. -cruel and liked christians killing each other.
-sold holy offices and was paid by his secretaries.
-asked michelangelo to complete sistine chapel ceiling
a. dominican friar.
b. -supported indulgences and convinced people to do it
-traveled to raise funds
-denounced martin luther but became hated by university students
a. augistinia friar, german monk, professor of philosopy at wittenberg
b. -led protestant reformation
-against indulgences, corrput churrch
-posted 95 theses
-burned library books and copy of papal bull
a. bonemian matyr and czech patriot
b. -victim of the council
-tried stopping corruption but offended clergymen and was excommunicated
-argued with king wencesias IV about indulgences and was gave him to pope
-went to stake as heretic
-luther agreed with him at diet of worms
a. humanist and french pastor
b. started calvinism
a. pope and cousin of leo x. (1523-1534)
b. tried to get secret treaties with charles v and francis i but was exposed
-romans were offended by alliances with french and pompeo colonna tried to kill him
a. king of england and devoted catholic who wanted male heir
b. -was against lutheranism and english heresy
-wanted to divorce 1st wife
-pope clement couldn't agree
-parliament passed act of succession
-pope excommunicated him
-parliament passed bills against church
-abandoned rome and made new national church with himself as supreme head
-split from church
act of succession
a. act passed by parliament in 1534
b. made catherine's marriage w/ henry invalid and anne new queen. no questioning allowed
act of supremacy
a. act passed by parliament in 1534
b. declared split b/w henry and rome and henry founded Ecclesia Anglican
queen mary i
a. duaghter of king henry viii and catherine
b. -crowned after lady jane grey
-tried to wipe out reformation
-killed many people
a. daughter of anne and king henry
b. -restored protestantis and act of supremacy
-ruled for 45 years
a. natural disaster in europe
b. -economic, social, political, cultural upheavel
-declined population by 25-50%
a. work by giovanni boccaccio
-describes plage and what happened
a. worst organized massacres
b. carried out in germany and destroyed jewish communities
a. peasant revolt in northern france
b. peasants be madddddd
wat typler and john bell
a. leaders of widespread peasant rebellion
b. burned houses and killed officials
b. revolted and got some concessions
a. weapon invented by welsh
b. used by english soldiers in hundred year's war
a. english king (1413-1422)
b. -renewed war and invaded france
-reconquered normandy and allianced with duke of burgundy -> treaty of troyes
battle of agincourt
a. battle b/w england and france in 1415
b. french was defeated with 6,000 men dead and english had 300 men dead
a. money payments
b. substituted for miliatry service. made monarchs :)
gabelle and taille
a. salt & hearth tax
b. -used by phillip VI for revenue after hundred years war
-heavy on low and middle class
***golden bull of charles iv
a. document by charles IV that helped principle of election
b. 4 princes and 3 ecc. leaders elect holy roman emporer
a. city in rome and capital of univeral church
b. -decline in papal prestige here
-symbol of abuses within church
catherine of siena
a. religious leader from 1347-1380
b. told pope gregory xi to return to rome
a. time when europe slit in 2 for clement or urban. lasted 40 years
b. bad effect on church and christedom.
christine de pizan
a. vernacular writer from 1364-1430
b. wrote "book of the city of ladies"
a. forerunner of italian renaissance painting
b. drew figures that were solid, rounded, and 3d depth. realistic human qualities
a. thoery that only church council and end schism and bring reform to church
b. people had conflicts deciding who would call the council.
***council of constance
a. made by sigismund from 1414-1418
b. ended schism and made cardinal oddone colonnto to pope martin v