GCSE Gegraphy

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Author:
ghoran
ID:
167245
Filename:
GCSE Gegraphy
Updated:
2012-08-29 04:50:20
Tags:
urban change part six developing world city social problems squatter settlements Sao Paulo
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Description:
revision
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  1. in Sao Paulo ..... of its .... people still live in shanty towns
    2.5million 18 million
  2. Many of Sao Paulo's poor live in
    temporaary accommodation in shanty settlements usually on the outskirts of the city . These people are squatters and have no legal right to the land they occupy
  3. Sao Paulo is the .... , .... and most ...... city in Brazil . With the cities population having grown from ....in 1970 to ...... by 2000 , the authorities have had an almost impossible task in providing sufficient housing services .
    • largest richest
    • insdustrialised 
    • 7 million 
    • 16.6 million
  4. what is the name of the largest slum in Sao Paulo in Brazil (in terms of population size)
    Heliopolis
  5. once infamous as the largest favela in Brazil , through a process of imporvement (...........................................................................) Helipolis today ..............................................................
    (via self-help and site and service and other schemes) oficially has the status of a low class neighbourhood , not a favela . However , within Helipolis access to basic facilities is extremely variable - some of the improved homes have a water supply , sewers , electricity and even wifi but the basic shacks of recent newcomers often have nothing
  6. nowadays a population of ........ people live in Heliopplis in a mix of absaloute and .....-..... in an area of almost ..... ..... square metres , with a super rich area located next to it
    • 120,000
    • semi-poverty 
    • one million
  7. where is Heliopolis built
    in the district of Sacoma , SE Sao Paulo , on the slopes and bottom of a valley around streams and rivers
  8. when was Heliopolis established
    50 years ago
  9. self help schemes are the only hope for the sqautters to improve their homes . The most intemidiate needs of the poor are often simple :
    a plot on which to build , a small loan to improve or extend the house , cheap buildling materials and basic services
  10. why dont authorities remove shanty settlements from their cities
    beacsus few can find the necessary resources that would be needed to provide alternate accomodation . as a result shanty towns become permanent
  11. how effective are self help schemes
    unfortunately , despite the introduction of self help schemes , local authorities in developing cities like Sao Paulo and Rio De Janiero rarely can keep pace with the continuous and large numbers of newcomers
  12. two local government-assisted schemes in Sao Paulo aimed at improving the quality of life in a favela are :
    • low cost improvements which is a community housing project
    • self help schemes
  13. explain the low cost improvements in Sao Paulo
    • it is an ASH community housing projcet 
    • existing homes may be improved by rebuilding the houses with cheap and quick and easy to use breeze blocks . A water tank on the rood collects rain water and is connected to the water supply and , in turn , to an outside wash basin and an indoor bathroom/toilet . Electricty and mains seage are added .
  14. most inhabitants of the houses that have experienced low cost improvements , which is found in the peripheral parts of Sao Paulo , will have
    some type of employment enabling them to pay low rent
  15. explain the self help scheme in Sao Paulo
    groups of people are encouraged to help build their own homes . Each group will do the basic work such as digging ditches to take the water and sewage pipes . The local authority will then provide breeze-blocks and roofing tiles , and then the group will provide the labour . The money which this saves the authorities can then be used to provide amenities such as electricity , a clean water supply , tarred roads and a community centre
  16. what are the advanatges of self help schemes
    • they can be done in stages 
    • they can create a community spirit 
    • as the cost of building is relatively cheap , more houses can be provided
  17. the ash scheme has meant that
    the status of housing areas has improved and some areas have become lower class/low income urban residential districts with their own services . Roads built by authorities through the settlements , even if not paved , enabled the area to be intergrated into the city's bus network . Some families in formal work , with a regular income , have build upwards and added an extra storey
  18. ...... (which means paradise city) id one of Brazil's largest favelas , home to about ...... people
    • Paraispolis 
    • 80,000
  19. In recent years Ash schemes have linked it into the main
    service network of Sao Paulo
  20. Many areas in Paraisopolis now have
    piped water and electricity . Schools have also been built in order to improve the level of education in the favela so that young people have the chance to get a better and more skilled job and therefor earn more money in order to improve their quality and way of life
  21. Many residents in Paraisopolis now have
    low skilled jobs
  22. in 2008 the Brazilian chain store , Casas Bahia , which sells furniture and electrical goods ,
    opened its first ever store in a favela . This was only possible as it was only real social and economic improvements which meant the PCC (a criminal organisation in Sao Paulo) to be driven out , so businesses no-longer had to pay a bribe to them , which allowed new businesses to arrive
  23. the improvements in Paraisopolis have made a huge difference . A
    market for housing now exists with houses being bought and sold for between 4,000 and 80,000

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