Card Set Information
6 classified essential nutrients
vitamins, minerals and water ( micro don't need alot)
(others are macro)
Form key parts of the body's main structural components - muscles and bones & of blood, enzymes, cell membranes, and some hormones.
The building block of protein...
Types of Protein
Complete- meat sources
Incomplete- plant sources
Average daily protein intake for adults
.8% of body weight
20 common amino acids, 9 are essential
also known as lipids, supply energy, insulate the body, support and cushion organs, absorbs fats-soluble vitamins, add flavor and texture to food.
Types of Fats
is an unsaturated fatty acid produced during the process of hydrogenation.
is a process which hydrogen is added to unsaturated fats, turning liquid fats into solids.
In large amounts, trans fats can lowed HDL (good cholesterol) levels and promote the risk of heart disease.
The primary function of dietary carbohydrate is to supply energy to body cells.
Carbs broken down...
carbs are broken down into glucose, it's simplest form.
have higher nutritional values compared to refined carbohydrates by: fiber, vitamins, minerals.
take longer to chew and digest, enter the bloodstream slower and reduce the possibility of overeating.
is a measure of how the ingestion of a particular food affects blood glucose levels.
fiber passes through the intestinal tract and provides bulk for feces.
are indigestable carbohydrates that are infact in plant sources
Types of Fiber
soluble fiber- slows the bodys absorption of glucose binding cholesterol containing compounds in the intestines
insoluble fiber- binds with water, allowing fecal matter to become bulkier and softer.
are organic substances needed in small amounts to help promoted and regulate chemical reactions and processes in body cells.
Types of Vitamins
Sources of Vitamins
Are abundant in fruits and veggies and grains they are also added to some processed foods
inorganic, needed in small amounts for regulation, growth and maintenance of body tissues and functions
Needed daily, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and sodium
the human body is composed of about 60%; you can live only a few days without water.
are substances that protects against the breakdown of body constituents by free radicals; binding oxygen, donating electrons
are chemically unstable, electron-seeking compounds that can damage cell membranes and mutate genes in its search for electrons.
Sources of Antioxidants
Fruits and veggies
no animal products (hardest)
includes milk and cheese products
vegetarian includes milk, cheese and eggs
Partial veg,semi veg
includes eggs, dairy products, small amounts of poultry and seafood in their diet