MUH 218 Harmony

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Anonymous
ID:
167298
Filename:
MUH 218 Harmony
Updated:
2012-08-24 15:19:32
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jazz vocab
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Description:
terms descriptive of harmony
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  1. blue notes
    notes that are played or sung lower than the specified pitch, especially notes 3, 5, and 7 of the major scale
  2. blues scales
    six note scale that developed as the result of the fusion of the western european major scale and the african pentatonic scale
  3. chord
    the sounding of three or more different notes simultaneously usually constructed with pitches that have specific harmonic relationships to each other
  4. chord alterations
    the process of changing one or more notes in an extended chord to add color or dissonance
  5. chord extensions
    the process of enlarging or thickening a chord by adding additional upper notes to the basic notes of a triad
  6. chord progression (changes)
    a series of succeessive chords or the movement from one chord to the next in harmonizeing a melody; the set, predetermined sequence of accompaniment chords intended for the original melody of the tune and used as the basis of an improvisation
  7. chord substitutions
    the process of replacing a chord in a standard chord profression with another chord
  8. chord symbol
    the notational sign that represents a particular chord sonority
  9. chromatic scale
    a sequence of consecutive pitches ascending or descending by half steps
  10. consonance
    a pleasant, stable sound
  11. diatonic
    harmonies and melodies derived from a specific major or minor scale
  12. dissonance
    an unpleasant, discordant sound
  13. functional harmony
    chord progressions that outline a particular key or tonality
  14. half step
    the smallest interval in western tonal music
  15. harmonic rhythm
    the frequency and speed of the chord changes
  16. chorus
    one complete statement of the melody or the chord progression underlying a tune; also refers to the refrain which recurs after the verse in pop songs
  17. coda
    an epilogue or concluding section of a piece
  18. collective improvisation
    simultaneous melodic improvisation by several players
  19. countermelody
    a secondary melody that compliments the primary melody
  20. counterpoint
    two or more independent melodic lines of equal importance sounding simultaneously (aka polyphony)
  21. cross section voicing
    a big band arranging technique in which a harmonized melody is voiced utilizing instruments from different sections of the ensemble to create unique instrumental colors
  22. ensemble chorus
    the opening chorus in a New Orleans style jazz performance where the trumpet plays the main melody of the tune while the other front line instruments (usually clarinet and trombone) each play improvised counter melodies
  23. flagwaver
    a very fast big band swing tune
  24. form
    the basic structure or organizing principle of a piece of music
  25. head
    the initial statement of the melody and accompanying chord progression
  26. head chart
    an arrangement, usually based on riffs, that is worked out during the performance rather than being written beforehand
  27. hook
    the most memorable part of the song
  28. interlude
    a short transitional section that connects larger sections of a piece that is often used to change keyes (aka segue)
  29. introduction
    a preliminary musical pharase often 4-8 measures long that occurs before the head
  30. monophony
    when one person is playing a single line melody or unison playing occurs amongst several players
  31. montuno
    a repeated rhythmic figure usually two measures long played by the rhythm secion in latin music
  32. motif
    a short musical idea used as the basis for development
  33. ostinato
    a repeated melodic pattern that forms the basis of a rhythmic pad
  34. out chorus
    the last climatic ensemble section in the performance of a piece
  35. pedal point
    a low pitch that is repeated or sustained above which the chords change
  36. rhythm changes
    the chord and form of the song changes
  37. riff
    a short, often improvised, melodic pattern repeated by horns as a background for a soloist
  38. shout chorus
    refers to the climactic tutti section near the end of a big band arrangement
  39. soli
    a big band arrangement technique in which the entire horn section plays a melodic line in harmony
  40. standard song form
    most often a 32-measure structure (AABA, ABAC, ABAB) in which most popular songs of the first 60 years of the 20th century were written; also the structure for many modern jazz standards
  41. tag
    a short coda
  42. turnaround
    a short chord progression usually at the end of a chorus that sets up the next chorus
  43. tutti
    a big band arranging technique in which the entire horn section plays a melodic line in harmony
  44. vamp
    a repeated music phrase often used to kill time in anticipation of the next cued section
  45. voicing
    the process in arranging of assigning the notes in a chord to each instrument

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