Language: The communication of Information
A. the Development of Language
Annoying minor events of everyday life that cumulatively can affect psychological well-being.
When you are asked to do too much in too short a time.
Being asked to do too little;causes boredom.
The ability to influence decisions about how and when one's job is performed.
Being the target of conflicting demands or expectations from different groups of people.
The mechanism through which our bodies recognize and destroy potentially harmful substances.
White blood cells that fight infections and disease.
A hormone that suppresses part of our immune systems.
Health Belief Model:
Our willingness to seek medical help depends of: 1) The extent to which we pereceive a threat to our health and 2) The extent to whcih we believe that a particular behavior will effectively reduce that threat.
A group in whcih abnormal cells are formed that are able to proliferate, invade, and overwhelm normal tissues and to spread to distant sites in the body.
Aspects of our environment or behavior that influence our changes of devloping or contracting a particluar disease (within the limits established through our genetic structure).
Cancer-producing agents in our environment.
440,000 deaths a year in the U.S
46 millions Amercian smoke
consequences of smoking
Norepinephrine and Acetycholine
dangerous to health
* 64% of Amecian adults are overweight.
Asserts that long-term maintenance of weight loss depends on whether the motivation for doing so is perceived by the dieter as autonomous or controlled.
A systme of symbols, plus rules for combining them, used to communicate information.
In response to anger, pain, and hunger
"cooing"- vowel sounds
"Babbling"- adding consonants to vowels.
Linguistic stage- the child begins to undrstand that sounds is ralted to meaning.
Using words to include objects that don't fit the words meaning.
Telegraphic speech: 2 or 3 words sentences that contain only the necessary words.
Overusing the rules of grammer-like with past tense and plurals.
*by age 5-2000 words. e.g cuted my finger, hurted my toe.
Language Acquistion Device (LAD):(nature)-(chomsky):
theory asserts that our brains are "prewired" to learn language.
*also learn language via imitation and reward (nurture).
Mental frameworks that help us process and store new information.
Taking in new infomation that easily fits into an existing schema (breast feeding).
Modifications in existing knowledge structures (schemas) as a result of exposure to new information or experiences (from a bottle to a spoon).
Changes in the the capacity to reason about the rightness or wrongness of various actions that occur with age.
Changes in social behavior and social relations occuring over the life span.
Stable individual differences in attention, arousal, mood, and reactivity to new sistuations at, or shorlty after birth.