SUR 118

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SUR 118
2012-08-24 15:27:43
Intro surg instrument mayo stand

Week 1 Introduction to surgical instruments and building a Mayo stand
Show Answers:

  1. Metal that has been most successful in instrument production...
    Stainless steel; usually with a satin finish to avoid glare.
  2. Name the parts of a clamp...
    Label picture.
  3. Know the classifications of instruments:
    • 1. cutting and dissecting
    • 2. grasping and holding
    • 3. clamping and occluding
    • 4. retracting and viewing
  4. Describe cutting and dissecting instruments:
    Has one or more sharp edges.
  5. Describe grasping and holding instruments:
    They are designed to manipulate tissue to facilitate disecting or suturing; may or may not contain ratchets.
  6. Describe clamping and occluding instruments:
    They are designed to constrict tissue to "shut off the flow" will always have a ratchet and finger rings.
  7. Describe retracting and viewing instruments:
    They are designed to assist w/ the exposure of the operative site; hand-held or self-retaining/ double-ended or single-ended; many different sizes.
  8. The 4 categories of a mayo stand:
    • 1. Knives
    • 2. Scissors
    • 3. Tissue forceps
    • 4. Clamps
    • * Most set ups will have retractors.
  9. What are the characteristics/identifiers of an instrument?
    curved, straight, horizontal, longitudinal, cross, with teeth, without teeth, single-ended, double-ended, sharp, dull, self-retaining, hand-held, working end, non-working end.
  10. atraumatic
    without trauma
  11. dilation
    enlarging an opening in a progressive manner.
  12. dissection
    process of separating tissues through anatomic planes by using both sharp and blunt instruments.
  13. grasping
    holding an instrument in an atraumatic or traumatic manner.
  14. suture
    bringing together 2 parts of the body to heal into one.
  15. retraction
    stabilizing a tissue layer in a safe position for exposing of a part.