Biological (physiological) perspective focuses on what?
The physical body; what we are born with.
Behavioural perspective focuses on what?
Observable behaviour; what we do.
Humanistic perspective focuses on what?
The control and change of oneself
Cognitive perspective focuses on what?
That what we think governs us.
Evolutionary perspective focuses on what?
How natural selection enhances human and animal ablility to survive. "We evolve"
What are the intellectual parents of Psychology?
Philosophy and Physiology
It argued that the most complex conscious experiences could be broken down into basic structures or parts, thoughts, feelings and sensations.
It is how behavioral functions allow people to adapt to their environments.
Name the 6 ways to get an "A"
Set a schedule for studying
Know your learning style
Find a place to concentrate
Reward for studying
Take all tests. Do all assignments
Name 6 ways to get more out of lectures
Active listening. Participate
Organize the ideas in a way that makes sense to you
Recognize teacher clues
What does SQ3R stand for when getting more out of reading?
Survey-Glance over chapter
Question-Formulate questions about the chapter heading
Read-Read to answer your question
Recite-Put material in you own words
Review-Go back over key points
Name 5 tips for multiple choice tests
Anticipate the answer
Be aware of information given away in another test item
All of the above. Look for one incorrect
Generalizations tend to be wrong
3 Themes related to Psychology as a field of study
Psychology is empirical. Research based
Psychology is theoretically diverse. Many different explanations
Psychology evolves in a sociohistorical context. Trends, events, issues and values influence psychology and visa-versa. EX-homosexuality was removed from the dsm-iv, and WWII created a need for more clinical services.
4 themes related to Psychology's subject matter
Behavior is determined by multiple causes
Behavior is shaped by cultural heritage
Heredity and environment jointly influence behavior. Nature vs. Nurture
People's experience of the world is highly subjective."Lenses"
3 Professions related to Psychology
Educational and School
Industrial and Organizational
Explain Clinical Psychology
Psychiatrist(MD) specialize in diagnosing and prescribing medicinde to treat psychological disorders. Also nurse practitioner and physician assistant, which are nursers with masters degrees that prescribe medicine.
Psychologist(Ph.D) specialize in using tests and measurements to evaluate, diagnose and treat individuals with psychological disorders.
Therapists evaluate, diagnose, and treat psychological disorders, and have a masters degree.
explain educational and school psychology
School counselors with masters degree, perform tasks related to students success in school.
explain industrial and organizational psychology
they evaluate businesses and perform tasks to enhance human relationships.