Chapter 1

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Chapter 1
2012-08-26 12:04:50
Medical Terms

Medical Terms for Ch 1
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  1. Cyanosis
    a blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of oxygen ( cyan/o means blue, and  -osis means abnormal condition or disease)
  2. Erythrocyte
    a mature blood cell (erythr/o means red, and -cyte means cell)
  3. Poliomyelitis
    ( poh-lee-oh-my-eh-LYE-tis)
    is a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord (poli/o means gray, myel means spinal cord, and -itis means inflammation)
  4. Gastroenteritis
    ( gas-troh-en-ter-EYE-tis)
    is an inflammation of the stomach and the small intestine (gastr/o means stomach, enter/o means small intestine, and -itis means inflammation)
  5. Neurorrhaphy
    is the suturing together the ends of a severed nerve (neur/o means nerve, and -rrhaphy means surgical suturing)
  6. Tonsillitis
    is an inflammation of the tonsils (tonsill means tonsils, and -itis means inflammation)
  7. Abdominocentisis
    the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid (abdomin/o means abdomen, and -centesis means a surgical puncture to remove fluid)
  8. Acronym
    word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term
  9. Acute
    condition has a rapid onset, a severe, course, and a relitively short duration
  10. Angiography
    the process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of blood vessels after the injection of a contrast meduim to make thos blood vessels visible (angi/o means blood vessel, and -graphy means the process of recording)
  11. Appendectomy
    the surgical removal of the appendix (append means appendix, and -ectomy means surgical removal)
  12. Arteriosclerosis
    the abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries (arteri/o means artery, and -sclerosis means abnormal hardening)
  13. Arthralgia
    pain in a joint or joints (arthr means joints, and -algia means pain)
  14. Colostomy
    surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface (col means colon, and -ostomy means surgical creation of an artificial opening)
  15. Dermatologist
    a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin (dermat means skin, and -ology means the study of)
  16. Diagnosis
    identification of a disease
  17. Diarrhea
    the frequent flow of loose, watery stools (dia- means through, and -rrhea means flow or discharge)
  18. Edema
    swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body
  19. Endarterial
    pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery (end- means withing, arteri/o means artery, and -al means pertaining to)
  20. Eponym
    a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first
  21. Fissure
    a groove or crack-like sore on the surface of the skin
  22. Fistula
    an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body
  23. Gastralgia
    pain in the stomach (gastr means stomach, and -algia means pain)
  24. Gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach (gastr means stomach and -itis means inflammation)
  25. Gastrosis
    any disease of the stomah (gastr/o means stomach, and -osis means abnormal condition or disease)
  26. Hemorrhage
    the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time (hem/o means blood, and -rrhage means abnormal excessive fluid discharge)
  27. Hepatomegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the liver (hepat/o means liver, and -megaly means enlargment)
  28. Hypertension
    higher than normal blood pressure (hyper- means excessive or increased)
  29. Hypotension
    lower then normal blood pressure (hypo- means deficient or decreased)
  30. Infection
    the invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease-producing) organism
  31. Inflammation
    a localized response to an injury or to the destruction of tissues
  32. Interstitial
    between, but not within, the parts of a tissue (inter- means between or among)
  33. Intramuscular
    within the muscle (intra- means within or inside)
  34. Laceration
    a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
  35. Lesion
    pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
  36. Malaise
    feeliing of general discomfort or uneasiness the is often the first indication of an infection or other disease
  37. Mycosis
    any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus (myc means fungus, and -osis means abnormal condition or disease)
  38. Myelopathy
    any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord (myel/o means spinal cord or bone marrow, and -pathy means disease)
  39. Myopathy
    any pathologic change or disease in muscle tissue (my/o means muscle, and -pathy means disease)
  40. Myorrhexis
    the rupture of a muscle (my/o means muscle, and -rrhexis means rupture)
  41. Natal
    pertaining to birth (nat means birth, and -al means pertaining to)
  42. Neonatalogy
    the study of disorders of the newborn (neo- means new, nat means birth, and -ology means study of)
  43. Otorhinolaryngology
    study of the ears, nose, and throat (ot/o means ear, rhin/o means nose, laryng means larynx or throat, and -ology means the study of)
  44. Palpation
    examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
  45. Palpitation
    pounding or racing heart
  46. Pathology
    study of all aspects of diseases (path means disease, and -ology means study of)
  47. Phalanges
    bones in the fingers or toes
  48. Prognosis
    prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
  49. Pyoderma
    any acute, inflamatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection (py/o means pus, and -derma means skin)
  50. Pyrosis
    discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus, aka: heartburn (pyr means fever or fire, and -osis means abnormal condition or disease)
  51. Remission
    temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having acheived a cure
  52. Sign
    objective evidence of disease, such as a fever
  53. Supination
    act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
  54. Suppuration
    formation or discharge of pus
  55. Supracoastal
    above or outside the ribs (supra- means above or excessive)
  56. Symptom
    subjective edvidence of a disease, such as pain or headache
  57. Syndrome
    set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
  58. Trauma
    wound or injury
  59. Triage
    medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
  60. Viral
    pertaining to a virus