IBHS Lab Quiz 1

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lintyone
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167330
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IBHS Lab Quiz 1
Updated:
2012-08-24 21:27:45
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medterms
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MedTerms Ch 1&2
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  1. word root:
    lith
    lithos (greek= stone)

    lithiasis
  2. word root:
    psych
    psyche (greek = mind)

    psychology
  3. word root:
    caud
    cauda (latin = tail)

    caudal
  4. word root:
    or
    oris (latin = mouth)

    oral
  5. suffix:
    -al, -ous
    pertaining to
  6. prefix:
    cutane/o
    skin
  7. prefix:
    derm/a
    skin
  8. ot/o 
    ear
  9. ot/o + -itis
    otitis
    inflammation of the ear
  10. ot/o + -logy
    otology
    study of the ear
  11. ot/o + -plasty
    otoplasty
    plastic surgery of the ear
  12. ot/o + -rrhea
    otorrhea
    discharge from ear
  13. ot/o + -tomy
    ototomy
    incision of ear
  14. end/o-
    inside
  15. definition of pharmacology
    study of preparation, properties, uses and actions of drugs
  16. another term for medicines
    pharmaceuticals
  17. if singular ending = 
    is
    • plural ending =
    • es

    • diagnosis > diagnoses
    • prognosis > prognoses
    • psychosis > psychoses
  18. singular ending = um
    plural ending = a

    • atrium > atria
    • ileum > ilea
    • septum > septa
    • bacterium > bacteria
  19. singular ending = us
    plural ending = i

    • alveolus > alveoli
    • bacillus > bacilli
    • bronchus > bronchi
  20. singular ending = a
    plural ending = ae

    • vertebra > vertebrae
    • patella > patellae
    • petechia > petechiae
  21. singular ending = ix
    plural ending = ices

    • appendix > appendices
    • cervix > cervices
  22. singular ending = ex
    plural ending = ices

    cortex > cortices
  23. singular ending = ax
    plural ending = aces

    thorax > thoraces
  24. singular ending = ma
    plural ending = s (or mata)

    • carcinoma > carcinomas (or carcinomata)
    • sarcoma > sarcomas (or sarcomata)
  25. singular ending = on
    plural ending = a

    • protozoon > protozoa
    • spermatozoon > spermatozoa
  26. singular ending = nx
    plural ending = nges

    • phalanx > phalanges
    • larynx > larynges
  27. appendectomy
    removal of appendix
  28. suffix: specialists
    -er, -ist
    one who
  29. suffix: specialists
    -iatrician
    practitioner
  30. suffix: specialists
    -logist
    one who studies; specialist
  31. suffix: specialties
    -ac, -al, -ic
    pertaining to
  32. suffix: specialties
    -logic, -logical
    pertaining to the study of
  33. suffix: specialties
    -iatrics, -iatry
    medical profession or treatment
  34. suffix: specialties
    -logy
    study or science of
  35. cardi/o = heart
    • cardiology
    • cardiologist
  36. crin/o = to secrete
    • endocrinology
    • endocrinologist
  37. dermat/o = skin
    • dermatology
    • dermatologist
  38. esthesi/o = feeling or sensation
    • anesthesiology
    • anesthesiologist
  39. gastr/o, enter/o = stomach, intestines (small)
    • gastroenterology
    • gastroenterologist
  40. ger/a, ger/o, geront/o = elderly
    • geriatrics
    • geriatrician
  41. gynec/o = female
    • gynecology
    • gynecologist
  42. immun/o = immune
    • immunology
    • immunologist
  43. ne/o, nat/o = new, birth
    • neonatology
    • neonatologist
  44. neur/o = nerve
    • neurology
    • neurologist
  45. obstetr/o = midwife
    • obstetrics
    • obstetrician
  46. onc/o = tumor
    • oncology
    • oncologist
  47. opthalm/o = eye
    • opthalmology
    • opthalmologist
  48. orth/o = straight
    ped/o = child (or foot)
    • orthopedics
    • orthopedist, orthopedic surgeon
  49. ot/o, laryng/o = ear, larynx
    • otolaryngology
    • otolaryngologist
  50. path/o = disease
    • pathology
    • pathologist
  51. ped/o = child
    • pediatrics
    • pediatrician
  52. psych/o = mind
    • psychiatry
    • psychiatrist
  53. radi/o = radiation (or radius)
    • radiology
    • radiologist
  54. rheumat/o = rheumatism
    • rheumatology
    • rheumatologist
  55. rhin/o = nose
    • rhinology
    • rhinologist
  56. ur/o = urinary tract (or urine)
    • urology
    • urologist
  57. cardiac = ?
    MD specializing in disease of heart = ?
    • pertaining to heart
    • cardiologist
  58. dermal = ?
    dermatologic and dermatological = ?
    pertaining to the skin
  59. dermatologist
    dermatology
    • specialist in skin
    • specialty concerned with dx and tx of diseases of skin
  60. gynecology
    • specialty treating disease of female reproductive organs
    • specialist = gynecologist
  61. obstetrics 

    obstetric and obstetrical = pertaining to obstetrics
    • specialty in pregnancy, labor, delivery and immediate care after childbirth
    • specialist = obstetrician
  62. neonatology
    neonatologist
    • specialty in care of newborns, infants from birth to 28 days of age
    • specialist
  63. pediatrics
    • specialty in tx of children
    • pediatrician = practitioner of children and infants
  64. opthalmic, opthalmologic, opthalmological
    pertaining to the eye

    • opthalmology
    • opthalmologist
  65. otic = pertaining to ear
    otologist specializes in otology
    otolaryngology specialist = ?
    otolaryngologist
  66. rhinology 
    rhinologist
    • specialty in dx and tx of disorders involving nose
    • specialist
  67. urology = concerned with urinary tract

    urologic, urological, urinary = ?
    pertaining to urine or urinary system

    specialist = urologist
  68. neurologist specializes in neurology
    field of med dealing with nervous system
  69. rheumat/o = pertaining to rheumatism
    greek> rheum = watery discharge
    rheumatism = disorders marked by inflammation, degeneration of connective tissues, esp joints.

    • rheumatology
    • rheumatologist
  70. immunology = study of immune system
    • specialist = immunologist
    • sometimes combined with ID and tx of allergies
  71. endocrine = to secrete inside
    - secretes hormones into blood stream
    • endocrinology
    • endocrinologist
  72. radiology = use of many forms of radiation in dx and tx of disease
    • radiologist = specialist
    • pertaining to = radiologic and radiological
  73. melan/o = black
    -oma = tumor
    melanoma
  74. neoplasm
    spontaneous new growth of tissue
  75. pathology = study of characteristics, causes and effects of disease

    pathologic and pathological = ?
    • "morbid"
    • "pertaining to condition caused by or involves disease process"
  76. surgery = (G) handwork
  77. an- = no
    esthesi/o = feeling
    -logy = science of
    anesthesiology
  78. -ist = specialist
    orth/o = striaight
    ped/o = child
    orthopedist
  79. neur/o = nerve
    neurosurgery involves...
    • brain, spinal cord or peripheral nerves
    • neurosurgeon specializes in surgery of nervous sys
  80. orthopedics
    • branch of surgery dealing with preservation and restoration of bones and associated structures
    • specialist = orthopedist
  81. anesthesiology
    branch of medicine concerned w/admin of anesthetics and their effects

    MD administering anesthetics during surgery = anesthesiologist
  82. anesthetist = trained person in administering anesthetics
    anesthetic - drug or agent capable of producing anesthesia or loss of sensation or feeling
  83. triage
    method of sorting according to pts' needs for care
  84. hospitalists
    physicians who specialize in care of pts staying in hospital
  85. psychiatry
    specialty dealing with causes, tx and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders

    specialist = psychiatrist
  86. intensivists
    MDs specializing in care of pts in intensive care
  87. epidemiologist
    physician or scientist who studies incidence, prevalence, spread, prevention and control of disease in community or specific grp of individuals
  88. therapist
    person with special skills who is trained in one or more areas of health care
  89. forensic medicine
    deals with legal aspects of health care
  90. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -centesis
    surgical procedure to aspirate or remove fluid

    amniocentesis- puncture of amnion to remove fluid or admin tx to fetus
  91. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -ectomy
    excision (surgical removal or cutting out)

    appendectomy = excision of appendix
  92. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -lysis
    process of loosening, freeing or destroying

    hemolysis- destruction or dissolving
  93. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -pexy
    surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)

    mastopexy= plastic surgery to fasten breasts in fixed position to correct sagging
  94. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -plasty
    surgical repair
  95. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -rrhaphy
    suture (uniting a wound by stitches)

    angiorrhaphy = suture of BV
  96. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -scopy
    visual exam with lighted instrument

    microscopy- visual exam of very small objects with microscope
  97. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -stomy
    formation of an opening

    tracheotomy- surgical procedure that forms new opening into trachea (windpipe)
  98. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -tome
    instrument used for cutting

    microtome- used for cutting thin sections of tissue for microscopic study
  99. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -tomy
    incision (cutting into tissue)

    tracheotomy- incision of trachea thru skin and muscles in neck that overlie trachea
  100. suffixes: surgical procedures
    -tripsy
    surgical crushing

    lithotripsy- surgical crushing of calculus (stone)
  101. amni/o-
    amnion
  102. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  103. fet/o-
    fetus
  104. uter/o-
    uterus
  105. -ary, -eal
    pertaining to
  106. corpor/o-
    body
  107. extra-
    outside
  108. lith/o-
    stone (calculus)
  109. -tripsy
    surgical crushing
  110. urin/o-
    urine or urination

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