Card Set Information
AP TEST REVIEW
considered the beginning of modern europe
"most serene republic"
governed by great council and doge
-rich in trade
-special trading privileges with byzantine empire until the fall of constantinople (1453)
center of the renaissance
-rich on trade, textiles, banking
major center of art patronage
nominally a republic but was dominated by powerful families
476 fall of rome = poverty and ruin
-presence of catholic church kept the city relevant (1400s papacy returned from avignon)
-art and diplomacy
federigo da montefeltro
-emplyed by kings of naples, poes and dukes of milan
known for intelligence and political wisdom
-patron of the arts
co-ruler of matua
-classically educated and cultured
1453 developed the moveable type printing
-revolution in literacy
"expulsion of adam and eve"
classical revolution in painting
classical revolution in sculpture
discovered by pope julius II
"school of athens"
frescoes in popes room
"birth of venus"
revolutionary theme of gods
centered intellectually on religion and efforts at reformation
-erasmus of rotterdam, more, luther
LESS SECULAR THAN ITALIAN RENAISSANCE
famous for religious works, woodblocks, and self portraits
famous for realistic portraits
"the wedding portrait"
attention to detail
brutal examination of human morality
-friends hiding from the plague, chronicled various reactions to the black death
branch banking for the pope
-1434 secured his family's control
a book of etiquette of the ideal renaissance man
combined medeival and modern virtues
first major work of political science
-duty bound ruler
"better to be feared than loved"
"ends justify the means"
-has been misused to justify dicatatorships
first significant work written in english vernacular instead of latin
pilgrims traveling between london and the canterbury cathedral telling stories
crowning acheivments of spanish literature
characters represent the dual nature of spanish character
the divine comedy
-abandoned latin for vernacular
"cathedral of florence"
-largest dome since antiquity
-boom in domes
"sistine chapel cieling"
"the last judgement"
st peters basilica
study of man and man's achievments
petrarch "father of humanism"
-wrote only in latin
-letters to cicero
of or pertaining to ancient greece or rome
government by the few, the rich
split in religion
face of a church
mother with crucified body of christ
mother with child
mother and michael
historic name for belgium
synonym for netherlands
belgium, netherlands, louxembourg
revolutionary sailing ship developed in 1300s
-rounded hull and three triangular sails
north african muslim tribe that had conquered the iberian peninsula around 1700