MTCh1

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Anonymous
ID:
167435
Filename:
MTCh1
Updated:
2012-08-25 20:49:25
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Medical Terminology
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Description:
Chapter 1 of Medical Terminology
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  1. Root
    Foundation of the term
  2. Suffix
    Word ending
  3. Prefix
    Word beginning
  4. Combining vowel
    Vowel (usually o) that links the root to the suffix or the root to another root
  5. Combining form
    Combination of the root and the combining vowel
  6. Aden/o
    Gland
  7. Adenoma
    Tumor of a gland
  8. Arthr/o
    Joint
  9. Adenitis
    Inflammation of a gland
  10. Arthritis
    Inflammation of a joint
  11. Bi/o
    Life
  12. Biology
    Study of the processes and conditions of life
  13. Biopsy
    A sample of tissue for review under microscope
  14. -logy
    Process and condition of study
  15. Carcin/o
    Cancer, cancerous
  16. Carcinoma
    A cancer of surface or skin cells
  17. Cardi/o
    Heart
  18. Cardiology
    Study of the processes and conditions of the heart
  19. Cephal/o
    Head
  20. Cephalic
    Pertaining to the head
  21. -ic
    Pertaining to
  22. Cerebr/o
    Cerebrum
  23. Cerebral
    Pertaining to the cerebrum
  24. -al
    Pertaining to
  25. Cis/o
    To cut
  26. Incision
    The process of cutting into
  27. Excision
    The process of cutting out of
  28. Crin/o
    To secrete (to give off)
  29. Endocrine glands
    Glands that secrete inside the body
  30. Endo-
    Within
  31. Exo-
    Outside/Without
  32. Cyst/o
    Urinary bladder; a sac or cyst (sac containing fluid)
  33. Cystoscopy
    The process of visually examining the bladder
  34. -scopy
    Process of visually examining
  35. Cyt/o
    Cell
  36. Cytology
    The study of processes and conditions of cells
  37. Derm/o
    Skin
  38. Dermatitis
    Inflammation of the skin
  39. Dermat/o
    Skin
  40. Hypodermic
    Under or below the skin
  41. Electr/o
    Electricity
  42. Electrocardiogram
    Recording the electrical activity of the heart
  43. Encephal/o
    Brain
  44. Electroencephalogram
    Recording the electrical activity of the brain
  45. Enter/o
    Intestines (usually the small intestines)
  46. Eteritis
    Inflammation of the intestines
  47. Erythr/o
    Red
  48. Erythrocyte
    Red cell
  49. Gastr/o
    Stomach
  50. Gastrectomy
    Excision or removal of all or parts of the stomach
  51. Glyc/o
    Sugar
  52. Hyperglycemia
    More than normal levels of sugar in the blood
  53. Gnos/o
    Knowledge
  54. Diagnosis
    A complete statement on the condition of
  55. Gynec/o
    Woman/female
  56. Gynecology
    Study of the processes and conditions of the female
  57. Hemat/o
    Blood
  58. Hem/o
    Blood
  59. Hematology
    Study of the processes and conditions of blood
  60. Hematoma
    A mass or collection of blood
  61. Hepat/o
    Liver
  62. Hemoglobin
    Oxygen transport in red blood cells
  63. Hepatitis
    Inflammation of the liver
  64. Iatr/o
    Treatment, physician
  65. Iatrogenic
    Produced by a treatment/physician
  66. Leuk/o
    White
  67. Leukocyte
    White blood cell
  68. Log/o
    Study of
  69. Dermatology
    Study of the processes and conditions of skin
  70. Nephr/o
    Kidney
  71. Nephritis
    Inflammation of the liver
  72. Nephrology
    Study of the processes and conditions of the liver
  73. Neur/o
    Nerve
  74. Onc/o
    Tumor
  75. -ist
    One who specializes in a field of medicine (or other profession)
  76. Ophthalm/o
    Eye
  77. Oste/o
    Bone
  78. Path/o
    Disease
  79. Ped/o
    Child
  80. Psych/o
    Mind
  81. Radi/o
    X-rays
  82. Ren/o
    Kidney
  83. Rhin/o
    Nose
  84. Sarc/o
    Flesh
  85. Sect/o
    To cut
  86. Thromb/o
    Clot/Clotting
  87. Ur/o
    Urinary tract/urine
  88. -ac
    Pertaining to
  89. -al
    Pertaining to
  90. -algia
    Pain
  91. -cyte
    Cell
  92. -ectomy
    Excision/removal
  93. -emia
    Blood condition
  94. -genic
    Pertaining to/Producing/Produced by/Produced in
  95. -globin
    Protein
  96. -gram
    Record
  97. -ic, -ical
    Pertaining to
  98. -ion
    Process
  99. -ist
    Specialist
  100. -opsy
    Process of viewing
  101. -sis
    State of; condition
  102. -y
    Process, condition
  103. a-, an-
    No/Not/Without
  104. Aut-/Auto-
    Self/Own
  105. Dia-
    Through/Complete
  106. End-/Endo-
    Within
  107. Epi-
    Above/Upon
  108. Ex-, Exo-
    Out/Outside of/ Outward
  109. Hyper-
    Excessive/Above/More than normal
  110. Hypo-
    Deficient/Below/Under/Less than normal
  111. In-
    Into/in
  112. Peri-
    Surrounding/Around
  113. Pro-
    Before/Forward
  114. Re-
    Back/Backward/Again
  115. Retro-
    Behind
  116. Sub-
    Below/Under
  117. Trans-
    Across/Through

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