Art of the Ancient Near East (part 2)

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    • Lion Gate
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Hitties 1400 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • fortification walls made out of cyclopian (huge) stones
    • fit stones together so that no mortar was needed
    • two lions carved into stone
    • protection mechanisms to scare of evil
    • lions show that ruler inside gate has great power
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    • Citadel of Sargon II
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 7200 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • king's palace 50ft above ground level (also above flood line) symbolizes his power and might
    • bent axis approach
    • large in perspective
    • ziggurat with 6 sanctuaries each representing a diggerent god
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    • Winged Human-Headed Bull (Lamassu)
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 7200 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • made of limestone
    • placed at gate to entrance of city to overwhelm visitor and demonstrate ruler's power and political authority
    • human head is ruler's face
    • ward of enemies and evil (possibly religious)
    • sculpture in the round (except back)
    • high relief sculpture
    • conceptual sculpture not optical
    • very skilled technique to create multiple levels of relief
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    • Ashurnasirpal II at War
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 875 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • painted relief sculpture on limestone
    • hierarchy of scale and winged figure (Ashur) denote the king
    • winged god Ashur gives king divine right
    • no ground line
    • no recession into space
    • uses overlap of figures to imply depth
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    • Ashurnasirpal II Drinking
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 
    • Techniques:
    • king is seated raising a cup, libation (ritual practice)
    • carved lines denote musculature, not realistic
    • bodies in 3/4 view with frontal eyes
    • human body is thick set and weighty
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    • Ashurbanipal Hunting Lions
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 650 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • made of alabaster
    • dramatic depiction of event
    • shows king's persistance to kill lions (multiple arrows in lions)
    • lions have rounded anatomy
    • humans show strength and courage 
    • no ground line
    • not sequential narrative
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    • Dying Lioness
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 650 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • pain is evident in body and face but there is still great dignity
    • emphasis on musculature
    • inspires sympathy
    • very rounded
    • great attention to detail
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    • Ishtar Gate
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Neo-Babylonian 575 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • ruler has tremendous power and wealth
    • gate is dedicated to god, Akkad, so he protects city
    • glazed bricks made of lapis lazuli
    • molded relief animals (both real and imaginary) into certain sections of wall
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    • Palace of Darius
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Achaemenid 520-460 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • had streets running through it
    • houses along streets
    • all halls had columns which held up the roof
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    • Royal Audience Hall (Persepolis)
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Achaemenid 520-460 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • outer wall covered in relief scuplture
    • 60 feet tall, 200 sq. feet
    • 36 pillars had capitals with lions and bulls
    • designed for visual effects
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    • Subjects Bringing Gifts to the King
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Achaemenid 500 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • made of limeston
    • Syrians have cone-shaped hats, Babylonians have hats with wide brims
    • no recession into space
    • would've had color 
    • rounded figures in natural profile
    • medium relief
    • stylized trees (giant leaves)
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    • Jar Handle in Form of Winged Ibex
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Achaemenid 400-300 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • silver in laid with gold
    • advanced skill
    • ibex mimics the shape of the vase
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    • Ceremonial Cauldron
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Achaemenid 8th century
    • Techniques:
    • animals reduced to decorative shapes
    • horns mimic the shape of the cauldron

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Art of the Ancient Near East (part 2)
2012-08-28 02:55:56

Art of the Ancient Near East (part 2)
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