Card Set Information
What is code is known for punishment in the name of the city-state?
Code of Hammurabi 1792-1750 B.C.E.
Law of Moses is based on what principle?
lex talionis or eye for eye
How long were the Twelve Tables in use?
300 years in Rome
Which law governed relationships between Roman citizens?
Which Roman law governed foreigners?
Which Roman principle allowed magistrates to supplement law with rulings and became the basis for modern case law?
When a judge makes a ruling that effects law it is called__.
Law that governs churches, especially Roman Catholic Church?
Germanic law that includes sanctions of monetary compensations; developed to avoid blood feuds.
What are botes?
Exile or banishment in a structured version.
Rules conforming to human nature discovered through reason. Rules without knowledge or reference to artificial laws of society.
In the 17th century, the idea was fostered taht science holds answers to all of society's challenges. What is this era called?
Age of Enlightenment, especially Montesquieu and Cesare Beccaria
A system of solitary confinement that became costly and did not take advantage of inmate labor.
A system that was regimented and utilized inmates for hard labor.
Auburn System, known for black and white stripes; used at Sing Sing
Who advocated for separation of powers into judicial, executive and legislative?
Who advocated that punishment be certain, swift and severe?
Describe the silent system.
Marching, working and eating in complete silence. Walking in lockstep. The Auburn System.
What are isolated areas for confinement via geography or topography?
Good behavior that results in leave is called?
Ticket of Leave
What is the key facet of Penal Servitute Act of 1853?
What is early release to supervision of local law enforcement?
Describe Irish ticket-of-leave system.
Reduced rations, then increased and added more priviledges.
Who is Enoch Wines?
What did Zebulon Reed Brockway develop?
Elmira model which aimed to reform offenders in three stages
What was the lowest grade in the Elmira model and what was emphasized?
Intake. Third grade. Emphasis on education.
Specific treatment for criminals esp., group therapy and behavior modification is known as which model?
The process of returning offenders to orderly or acceptable behaviors is called?
A bridge between the institution and the community is called?
What did Robert Martinson's 1974 report on corrections suggest?
What model suggests that offenders have free will and choose to violate laws and deserve to be punished?
What is a habitual offender statute?
Send an offender to prison for life following the three strikes.