EXP- Chapter 2

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Rburk022
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167813
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EXP- Chapter 2
Updated:
2012-09-06 00:11:10
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EXP Chapter
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Memory: Foundations and Applications
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  1. For a __________the brain is a mass of soft tissue inside the head that has to be handled very carefully when damaged. 
    Neurosurgeon
  2. For a ________the brain is a complex assortment of separate areas and regions, each of which has its own unique function.
    cognitive neuroscientist
  3. Who found cells in temporal lobe that respond to specific memories.
    Quiroga and colleagues
  4. biological cells that specialize in the transmission and retention of information.
    Neurons
  5. Brings electrical signal to neuron
    Dendrite
  6. Send electrical signal to next neuron
    axon
  7. The signal in the axon
    Action potential
  8. The gap between the dendrite and axon; bridged by neurotransmitters
    Synapse
  9. the chemicals that transmit information across the synapse
    Neurotransmitters
  10. dopamine,
    acetylcholine,
    serotonin,
    gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)
    norephinephrine.
    Common neurotransmitters
  11. the lowering of the threshold at which a post-synaptic dendrite will begin sending an electric signal. 
    Long-term potentiation
  12. hippocampus,
    amygdala,
    diencephalon,
    medial temporal lobes,
    pre-frontal lobes.
    Memory areas of the brain
  13. encodes new memories, both conscious and unconscious.

    Part of limbic system
    Hippocampus
  14. damage to the _____ can cause amnesia (acquired memory loss)
    hippocampus
  15. a set of brain structures, located just beneath the cerebral cortex. 

    It includes the hypothalamus, the hippocampus, and the amygdala.
      
    functions as an important area for both memory and emotion. 
    Limbic system
  16. connects features of memory with aspects of emotion.

    highly connected to the hippocampus and with the hypothalamus.
    amygdala
  17. an area of the brain associated with basic emotions.
    Hypothalamus
  18. This part of the brain includes the structure known as the thalamus and the hypothalamus.


    includes connections between the medial temporal lobes and the hippocampus with the prefrontal lobes.
    Diencephalon
  19. involved in the regulation of memory;
    initiating retrieval,
    source monitoring,
    metamemory
    Pre frontal areas of frontal cortex
  20. Like the hippocampus, this areas is involved in
    the encoding of information into memory, but not in the actual storage or representation of that information.
    Medial temporal cortex
  21. _______lobe is for vision
    Occipital
  22. ____ lobe is for somatosensory; attention
    Parietal
  23. _____ lobe is for  audition, language, memory
    Temporal
  24. _____ lobe is for higher emotion, decision-making, metacognition, memory
    Frontal
  25. Serves as a routing center, connected disparate parts of the brain.
    Thalamus
  26. is the technology that allows us to create images that demonstrate which regions of the brain are working during a particular memory or cognitive task.
    Neuroimaging
  27. averaged EEG waves in response to the onset of a stimulus.
    Event related potential (ERP)
  28. As electrical activity moves from one area of the brain to another, it can be measured as distinct “waves” of electrical
    activity.
    (EEG) Electroencephalography
  29. allows scientists to get a detailed image of a living human brain without having to damage any living tissue. 
    PET Technology
  30. different molecules in the brain react differently when placed in an extremely strong magnetic field
    MRI
  31. offer much great spatial resolution of where events take place in the brain than any other neuroimaging technique. 
    fMRIs
  32. were interested in the differences in working or short-term memory for faces in autistic individuals.
    Koshino
  33. the inability to learn and remember information after a brain-damaging event.
    Anterograde amnesia
  34. the inability to remember information learned before a brain-damaging event.
    Retrograde amnesia
  35. induce
    mild temporary amnesia.
    • Benzodiazepines
    • Ex: valium
  36. improve memory in early Alzheimer’s disease.
    Cholinergics
  37. the primary organ in the brain for processing odors.
    Olfactory bulb
  38. involves many right hemisphere processes.
    Music and memory

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