Exam Review for Mr. Catalanotto's 8th grade theology
The goodness or evil of human acts
The teachings of Jesus during the Sermon on the Mount in which he describes the actions and attitudes that should characterize Christians and by which one can discover genuine meaning and happiness. (means happiness or blessedness)
What is Avarice (greed)?
Greediness. Hoarding of money and things.
What is Envy?
The resentment that we direct toward others who have some success, thin, or privilege that we want for ourselves.
What is Evil?
The twisting of the Good.
What is Conscience
The ‘interior voice’ of a person, a God-given internal sense of what is morally wrong or right.
Define Free will
The gift from God that allows human beings to choose from among various actions, for which we are held accountable. It is the basis for moral responsibility.
What is Gluttony?
Excessive eating or drinking.
What is a habbit?
An acquired behavioral pattern regularly followed until it has become almost involuntary.
What is Lust?
Undisciplined, unchecked desire for self-enjoyment, especially of a sexual nature.
What is mortal sin?
An action so contrary to the will of God that it results in a complete separation from God and God’s grace.
What is pride?
Believing you are better than others, often resulting in despising or disrespecting other people.
What is sloth?
Habitual laziness; failing to put forth the effort and take action.
What are virtues?
Habitual good acts.
What are vices?
habitual bad or evil acts.
What is wrath?
Strong anger that makes us want to seek revenge and prevents reconciliation.
What is venial sin?
A less serious offence against the will of God that diminishes one’s personal character and weakness but does not rupture one’s relationship with God.
What is the good?
that which is virtuous, moral, righteous, and favorable and in accord with reason, will and intellect.
What is the virtue of courage?
a virtue of strength. Spiritual Bravery
What is the other name that the virtue of courage is known by?
The virtue that disposes practical reason to discern our true good in every circumstance and to choose the right means of achieving it. (doing the right thing at the right time) is known as what?
Moral virtue that moderates the attraction of pleasures and provides balance in the use of created goods is known as what?
The virtue that consists in the firm and constant will to give God and neighbor their due is known as what?
1. The virtue by which we believe in God and believe all that he has said revealed to us, and that the Holy Church proposes for our belief, because he is truth is known as?
The virtue which we desire the kingdom of heaven and eternal life as our happiness, placing our trust in Christ’s promises and relying not on our own strength, but on the help of the grace of the Holy Spirit is known as what?
The virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God is known as what?