ANTH 101 CH 1-3
Card Set Information
ANTH 101 CH 1-3
Anthropology Culture Cultural
What is Anthropology, Culture, Method and Theory in Cultural Anthropology
the study of the human species and its immediate ancestors
Encompassing past, present, and future; biology, society, language, and culture
Traditions and customs transmitted through learning, that form and guide the beliefs and behavior of the people exposed to them
Organized life in groups
the process by which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses.
hunting and gathering of nature's bounty
an economy based on plant cultivation and/or animal domestication
(AKA "Four-Field" Anthropolgy)
anthropology as a whole:
cultural, archaeological, biological, and linguistic anthropology
combining biological and cultural approaches to a given problem
the comparative, cross-cultural, study of human society and culture
fieldwork in a particular cultural setting
the study of human behavior through material remains
the study of sociocultural differences and similarities
the study of interrelations among living things in an environment from the past
involves digging through a succession of levels at a particular site
studies ecosystems that include people; focuses on the ways in which human use of nature influences and is influenced by social organization and cultural values
period of time before the invention of writing
Biological (aka Physical) Anthropology
the study of human biological variation in time and space
the study of language and linguistic diversity in time, space, and society
the study of language in society
human evolution as revealed by the fossil record
field of study that seeks reliable explanations, with reference to the material and physical world
studies coss-cultural variation in psychological traits
Applied (aka Public) Anthropology
using anthropology to solve contemporary problems
a set of ideas formulated to explain something
an observed relationship between two or more variables
Cultural Resource Management
deciding what needs saving when entire archaeological sites cannot be saved
The truth of a scientific statement is confirmed by ___ ___.
a suggested but as yet unverified explanation
a general principle/relationship
What most characterizes anthropology among disciplines that study humans?
It is holistic and comparative
What is the most critical element of cultural traditions?
their transmission through learning rather than through biological inheritance
Over time, how has human reliance on cultural means of adaptation changed?
Humans have become increasingly more dependant on them
___ anthropology was largely shaped by early American anthropologists' interests in Native Americans.
The study of nonhuman primates is of special interest to which subdiscipline of anthropology?
The Scientific Method
characterizes any anthropological endeavor that formulates research questions and gathers/uses systematic data to test hypotheses
Anthropology is unique among other social sciences in its emphasis on both ___ and ___ perspectives.
holistic and cross-cultural