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What is EGO
- 1) Functions on ‘reality principle’
- Constrains id to reality.
2) Defers gratification.
3) Develops within first two or three years of life
- 4)Serves to balance the demands the
- Id and the Superego
- 5) Assesses what is realistically
- possible in satisfying the Id and/or Superego
- 6) Ego uses defense mechanisms to
- protect itself
7) Master of compromise
8) Secondary process thinking
result of the battle for control between id, ego & superego
secondary process thinking
developing, devising, executing strategy that find a way to satisfy wants in a way that’s ok/acceptable
the ability of the ego to make plans that take reality into account, even if it means postponing pleasure or enduring pain.
The ego deals with the id, the superego, and reality by...
- !) Secondary process:
- Ideal, but especially for
- children not always possible
- 3) Defense mechanisms:
- Sometimes, the best anyone can
- do. But can be used maladaptively
- 2) Symptoms (neurotic):
- Last resort, things are bad when
- someone has to use these
3 types of anxiety
1) Neurotic anxiety. Feat of being overwhlmed by the unacceptable id impulses. EGO vs ID. the most common form of anxiety the promotes using defense mechanisms
2) Moral anxiety. Fear of being punished by the superego. EGO vs SUPEREGO
3) Objective (reality) anxiety. Fear of danger in the outside world.EGO vs REALITY
What is a Defense mechanism?
- processes that distort reality to protect the individual from anxiety
- 2) Prevent
- threatening unconscious material from reaching consciousness
- The most basic defense mechanism.
- The cornerstone on which the whole structure of psychoanalysis rests
- keep a memory or wish from becoming conscious
Pushes threatening thoughts and ideas into the unconscious
- As an explanation for:
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
Denying the anxiety outright.
- occurs to terminally ill patients and their fams.
- smokers. etc
Reaction formation (DM)
people who are gay dont like that they are gay so they repress their feeligs and become prejudice against gay people and aact straight
- channeling anxiety into socially acceptable activities.
- DIsplacement which discharges the energy successful.
- Music, art, working out etc
Final points on defense mechanism
THey are unconscious.
repression and displacement are involced in most defense mechanisms
Psychodynamics of disgust
- The disgust reaction derives from
- the anal stage of psychosexual development.
- "THe lost generation"
- Mistrust. Didnt get through the first stage of development. Harsh conditions in childhood.
Ericksons 8 stages of development: Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt.
- learning control over body.
- control impulses.
- knows difference between right and wrong.
- close to freuds anal stage
eriksons 8 stages: intiative vs guilt
- Child knows self to be an independent/autonomous person.
- Learns to plan and carry out actions.
identity vs. role confusion
- impulse control:
- incentive processing system (begins changing rapidly with the onset of puverty)
- Cognitive control system: (develops at a much slower rate)
The peer effect:
- is the set of psychological traits and
- mechanisms within the individual that is organized
- and relatively enduring and
- that influences
- his or her interactions with, and adaptations to, the environment.
- In German means, a “bungled action”
- but is not limited to, “Freudian Slips”
- includes “forgetting” of names, appointments, etc.}Includes
- things we think of as “accidents”
- it entails that you end up communicating something
- you didn’t intend to communicate
- but were likely thinking subconsciously.