Am. Hist. Ch 20 Terms
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favoring the interests of native-born people over foreign-born people.
opposition to political and economic entanglements with other countries
an economic and political system based on one-party government and state ownership of property
a person who opposes all forms of government
Sacco and Vanzetti
Nicola Sacco, a shoemaker; Bartolomeo Vanzetti, a fish peddler;
italian immigrants; anarchists; evaded the draft
arrested and charged with the robbery and murder of a factory paymaster and his guard in South Braintree, Mass.
a system that sets limits on how many immigrants from various countries a nation will admit each year
John L Lewis
leader of United Mine Workers of America, 1919
called a strike in protest of low wages and long workdays;
defied a court order to keep mines closed for another month; gained a 27% raise
Warren G. Harding
29th President of the United States; appealed to America's desire for calm and peace after the war, but resulted in scandal.
Ohio senator, assumed presidency in 1921 promising a nation of "normalcy"; his cabinet members used their power to become corrupt and wealthy
considered one of the least successful presidents.
Charles Evans Hughes
Secretary of State under Harding; he wanted no warships to be built for 10 years; Kellogg-Briand Pact--renounced war as a national policy, signed by 15 countries
convinced 5 major nations to disarm and destory battleships, cruisers, and aircraft carriers;
a setof regulations, enacted by Congress in 1922, that raised taxes on imports to record levels in order to protect American businessesagainst foreign competition
a group of close friends and political supporters whom President Warren G. Harding appointed to his cabinet
Teapot Dome Scandal
Secretary of the Interior AlbertB. Fall’s secret leasing of oil-rich public land to private companiesin return for money and land
Albert B. Fall
- U.S. Navy Secretary of the Interior, under Harding;
- secretly leased the land to two private oil companies; Teapot Dome Scandal
- found guilty of bribery;
- became first American to be convicted of a felony while holding a cabinet post;
30th President of the United States;
"the chief business of the American people is business..."
favored government policies that would keep taxes down and business profits up, giving businesses more available credit in order to expand;
government interference with business a minimum and allow private enterprise to flourish
the unplanned and uncontrolled spreading of cities into surrounding regions
an arrangement in which a purchaserpays over an extended time, without having to put downmuch money at the time of purchase
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