The Endocrine System

Card Set Information

The Endocrine System
2012-08-30 04:00:22
Chapter 31 Endocrine System

The Endocrine System
Show Answers:

  1. Diabetes mellitus
    An endocrine disorder that results when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin
  2. Goiter
    Enlargement of the thyroid gland
  3. Hormones
    Chemicals that act on cells to produce a response
  4. Hyperglycemia
    A state of having too much glucose in the bloodstream
  5. Hyperthyroidism
    A condition caused by the excessive secretion of thyroxine, one of the thyroid hormones; characterized by increased hunger accompanied by weight loss, an irregular heartbeat, an inability to sleep, irritability, confusion, increased perspiration, and intolerance to heat
  6. Hypoglycemia
    A dangerous drop in blood glucose levels
  7. Hypothyroidism
    A condtion caused by the low secretion of thyroxine; one of the thyroid hormones; characterized by fatigue, weakness, depression, anorexia, weight gain, constipation, and intolerance to cold
  8. Tetany
    A condition that occurs when the body's calcium level drops too low; characterized by cramping of the skeletal muscles and an irregular heart beat
  9. Type 1 diabetes mellitus
    A type of diabetes caused by destruction of the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas
  10. Type 2 diabetes mellitus
    A type of diabetes caused by the inability of the cells of the body to respond to insulin; the pancreas still produces some insulin