The Respiratory System

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Anonymous
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168111
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The Respiratory System
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2012-08-30 05:55:02
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Chapter 27 Respiratory System
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The Respiratory System
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  1. Alveoli (singular, alveolus)
    Grape-like clusters of tiny air sacs in the lungs, where gas exchange takes place
  2. Asthma
    A condition that affects the bronchi and bronchioles of the lungs; triggers (such as cold weather, allergies, respiratory infections, stress, smoke, and exercise) cause the bronchi and bronchioles to become narrower, making breathing difficult
  3. Bronchi (singular, bronchus)
    Passageways that carry air from the trachea ("windpipe") to the lungs, one bronchus goes to the right lung and the other goes to the left
  4. Bronchioles
    The smallest branches of the bronchi
  5. Bronchitis
    Inflammation of the bronchi
  6. Chronic bronchitis
    A disorder caused by long-term irritation of the bronchi and bronchioles, such as that caused by inhaling tobacco smoke; one of two forms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  7. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    A general term used to describe two related lung disorders, emphysema and chronic bronchitis; the leading cause of COPD is smoking
  8. Diaphragm
    The large flat surface of the stethoscope that is used to hear loud, harsh sounds
  9. Emphysema
    A disorder caused by long-term exposure of the alveoli to toxins, such as tobacco smoke; one of two forms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  10. Endotracheal tube
    A device that is inserted into a person's nose or mouth and extends to the trachea; used when a person must receive mechanical ventilation for a short time
  11. Facemask
    A device used for delivering oxygen that is made of soft, molded plastic material that fits over the nose and mouth
  12. Flow meter
    A device used to set the rate at which oxygen is delivered to a patient or resident who is receiving oxygen therapy
  13. Gas exchange
    The transfer of oxygen into the blood, and carbon dioxide out of it
  14. Hemoptysis
    The coughing up of blood or blood-stained sputum
  15. Hemothorax
    A condition that occurs when blood builds up in the space between the lungs and the chest wall
  16. Hypoxic
    The state of being deficient of oxygen
  17. Influenza
    An acute respiratory infection caused by the influenza virus; characterized by a sore throat, dry cough, stuffy nose, headache, body aches, weakness, and fever, commonly known as "the flu"
  18. Laryngitis
    Inflammation of the larynx (the "voice box")
  19. Larynx
    Part of the respiratory airway; also known as "the voice box"
  20. Lungs
    The primary organs for respiration, the process the body uses to obtain oxygen from the environment and remove carbon dioxide (a waste gas) from the body
  21. Mechanical ventilation
    A life sustaining treatment in which a machine breathes for a person who can no breathe on his or her own
  22. Mucous mebrane
    A type of epitheleal tissue that lines many of the organ systems in the body and is coated with mucus
  23. Mucus
    A slippery sticky substance that is secreted by special cells and serves to keep the surfaces of the mucous membranes moist
  24. Nasal cannula
    A device used to deliver oxygen to a patient or resident; consists of two prongs of soft plastic tubing that are inserted into the nostrils
  25. Nasal cavity
    The inside of the nose
  26. Nasopharyngeal airway
    A soft rubber tube that is inserted into a person's nose and extends back toward the throat that creates an opening that air can flow through
  27. Oropharyngeal airway
    A hard plastic device that is inseted into a person's mouth to stop the tongue from falling back into the throat; used to keep the airway open
  28. Pharyngitis
    Inflammation of the throat (pharynx)
  29. Pharynx
    Throat region
  30. Pleura
    The membrane that lines the chest cavity and covers the outside of the lungs
  31. Pleurisy
    Inflammation of the pleura, the membrane that lines the chest cavity and covers the lungs
  32. Pneumonia
    Inflammation of the lung tissue, caused by infection with a virus or bacterium, and resulting in impaired gas exchange
  33. Pneumothorax
    The build-up of air in the space between the lungs and the chest wall
  34. Respiration
    The process the body uses to obtain oxygen from the environment and remove carbon dioxide (a waste gas) from the body
  35. Respiratory therapy
    Any treatment that is used to help a person achieve satisfactory respiration
  36. Sputum
    Mucus and other respiratory secretions that are coughed up from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea; also known as phlegm
  37. Suctioning
    The process of removing fluid and mucus from a person's airway
  38. Trachea
    The passage that carries air from the larynx down into the chest toward the lungs; commonly known as the "windpipe"
  39. Tracheostomy
    A surgically created opening in the neck that opens into the trachea; often used with a tracheostomy tube (instead of an endotracheo tube) when a person must be on a mechanical ventilator for more than a week or so

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