IV Solutions

Card Set Information

Author:
mpope99
ID:
168215
Filename:
IV Solutions
Updated:
2012-09-04 00:55:26
Tags:
IV Solutions NS LRT D5
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Description:
IV Solution Informaton
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    • 1/2NS
    • Components: sodium chloide 0.45%, 0.45g / 100ml
    • Tonicity: 154 mOsm/L; hypotonic
    • D5 1/2NS
    • Components: Dextrose 5%, 5g/100mL,sodium chloide 0.45%, 0.45g / 100ml
    • Tonicity: 406 mOsm/L; hypertonic
    • D5 1/2NS  c  20mEq KCl/L
    • Components: Dextrose 5%, 5g/100mL; sodium chloide 0.45%, 0.45g/100ml; potassium chloride 20mEq/L
    • Tonicity: 447 mOsm/L; hypertonic
    • D5 1/4NS
    • Components: Dextrose 5%, 5g/100mL; sodium chloide 0.225%, 0.225g/100ml
    • Tonicity: 329 mOsm/L; isotonic
    • D5 LR
    • Components: Dextrose 5%, 5g/100mL; sodium lactate 0.31g /100mL, NaCl 0.6g/100mL;  KCl 0.03g/100mL; CaCl 0.02g/100mL
    • Tonicity: 525 mOsm/L; hypertonic
    • D5 NS
    • Components: Dextrose 5%, 5g/100mL; sodium chloide 0.9%, 0.9g/100ml
    • Tonicity: 560 mOsm/L; hypertonic
    • D5 W
    • Components: Dextrose 5%, 5g/100mL
    • Tonicity: 252 mOsm/L; isotonic
    • NS
    • Components: Sodium chloide 0.9%, 0.9g/100ml
    • Tonicity: 308 mOsm/L; isotonic
  1. ISOTONIC
    Solvent and solute are balanced.
  2. HYPERTONIC
    Solutes excedes solvent.
  3. HYPOTONIC
    Solvent excedes solutes.
  4. Peripheral Line
    via vein in arm, leg, or scalp (baby)
  5. What is the maximum glucose concentration that can be tolerated peripherally?
    12%
  6. What is the maximum infusion rate for peripherally administered glucose?
    200mL per hour
  7. What is a Central Line and why are they used?
    A special catheter inserted in to a large vein. Can be administered through chest wall or subclavian or (PICC) large vein in the arm.

    Central lines can facillitate faster IV rates and higher glucose concentrations of up to 35%.

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