Medical Terminology U1,2

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migratorycoconut
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Medical Terminology U1,2
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2012-09-05 13:53:55
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medical terminology MATC madisoncollege madison college chapters
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practice for chapters 1 and 2 of medical terminology course Madison Area Technical College Fall 2012
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  1. plural of -a 
    as in axilla
    • -ae
    • axillae
  2. plural of -ax
    as in thorax
    • -aces
    • thoraces
  3. plural of -en
    as in lumen
    • -ina
    • lumina
  4. plural of -ex
    cortex
    • -ices
    • cortices
  5. plural of -is
    diagnosis
    • -es
    • diagnoses
  6. plural of -is
    epididymis
    • -ides
    • epididymides
  7. plural of -ix
    appendix
    • -ices
    • appendices
  8. plural of -ma
    carcinoma
    • -mata
    • carinomata
  9. plural of -on
    ganglion
    • -a
    • ganglia
  10. plural of -um
    septum
    • -a
    • septa
  11. plural of -us
    viscus
    • -era
    • viscera
  12. plural of -us
    corpus
    • -ora
    • corpora
  13. plural of -x
    phalanx
    • -ges
    • phalanges
  14. plural of -y
    ovary
    • -ies
    • ovaries
  15. plural of -yx
    calyx
    • -ices
    • calices
  16. inflammation of the skin
    dermatitis
  17. one who studies skin
    dermatologist
  18. study of skin
    dermatology
  19. visual exam of a joint
    arthroscopy
  20. fixation of a joint
    arthrodesis
  21. repair of a joint
    arthroplasty
  22. structure around heart
    pericardium
  23. structure inside heart
    endocardium
  24. pertaining to above the stomach
    epigastric
  25. pertaining to below the stomach
    hypogastric
  26. pertaining to inside the stomach
    endogastric
  27. inflammation
    -itis
  28. one who studies
    -logist
  29. study of
    -logy
  30. visual exam of something
    -scopy
  31. fixation of something
    -desis
  32. surgical repair of something
    -plasty
  33. around something
    peri-
  34. inside something
    endo-
  35. above something
    epi-
  36. below something
    hypo-
  37. pertaining to teeth
    dental
  38. specialist in dentistry
    dentist
  39. evaluation, diagnosis, prevention, treatment of oral cavity and associated structures
    dentistry
  40. determination of cause of disease
    diagnosis
  41. plural of diagnosis
    diagnoses
  42. pertaining to or establishing a diagnosis
    diagnostic
  43. to make a diagnosis
    diagnose
  44. inflammation of the lining inside the heart
    endocarditis
  45. to bleed profusely
    hemorrhage
  46. abnormal sound heard in auscultation of the heart or blood vessels
    murmur
  47. abnormally high body temperature or fever
    pyrexia
  48. -al
    pertaining to
  49. -ry
    occupation
  50. dent-
    tooth
  51. complete
    dia-
  52. knowledge of abnormal condition
    -gnosis
  53. -tic
    pertaining to
  54. recognize an abnormal condition
    -gnose
  55. heart
    card
  56. to flow profusely
    -rhage
  57. blood
    hem-
  58. condition
    -ia
  59. fever or heat
    pyrex-
  60. tube from kidney to bladder
    ureter
  61. tube from bladder to outside
    urethra
  62. back muscle confused with wrist bone
    trapezius
  63. wrist bone confused with back muscle
    trapezium
  64. small bone in middle ear confused with bony part of ankle
    malleus
  65. bony part of ankle confused with small bone in ear
    malleolus
  66. study of diseases of the nervous system
    neurology
  67. study of diseases of the kidney, bladder, male reproductive system
    urology
  68. low blood pressure
    hypotension
  69. high blood pressure
    hypertension
  70. pertaining to the rib and spine
    costovertebral
  71. female
    gynec
  72. breathing
    respir
  73. -tory
    relating to
  74. stomach
    gastr
  75. intestine
    enter
  76. small unit of matter. greek: indivisible
    atom
  77. first 2 weeks of a developing embryo
    blastocyst
  78. smallest unit capable of independent existence
    cell
  79. pertaining to a cell
    cellular
  80. study of the cell
    cytology
  81. union of sperm and egg
    fertilization
  82. pertaining to care of whole person
    holisitic
  83. small particle of two or more atoms bonded together
    molecule
  84. female egg cell
    oocyte
  85. structure with specific functions in a body system
    organ
  86. specialized funtioning part of a cell
    organelle
  87. collection of similar cells
    tissue
  88. latin: glass
    vitro
  89. process of combining sperm and egg in a lab and placing the resulting embryo inside a uterus
    in vitro fertilization
  90. cell resulting from the union of the sperm and egg
    zygote
  91. bladder, sac
    -cyst
  92. immature cell
    blast-
  93. -ar
    pertaining to
  94. process
    -ation
  95. to bear
    fertiliz-
  96. -ule
    small
  97. molec-
    mass
  98. cell
    cyte-
  99. egg
    o-
  100. latin: to weave
    tissue
  101. greek: yolked
    zygote
  102. -elle
    small
  103. something formed
    -plasm
  104. -lyte
    soluble
  105. electric
    electro-
  106. greek: set in motion
    hormone
  107. -ar
    pertaining to
  108. intra-
    within
  109. -cellul
    small cell
  110. latin: parchment
    membrane
  111. -ism
    condition
  112. metabol-
    change
  113. changing physical and chemical proceses occurring in the cell
    metabolism
  114. large family of chemical substances found in many drugs, hormones, etc.
    steroid
  115. -oid
    resemble
  116. solid
    ster-
  117. anabolism
    use of simple substances to build more complex substances
  118. carbohydrate
    organic food compounds that include sugars starches glycogen an cellulose
  119. catabolism
    breakdown of complex substances into simpler ones, releases energy in metabolism
  120. junction that holds together two chromatids of a chromosome
    centromere
  121. one of the two strands of a chromosome
    chromatid
  122. substance composed of DNA that forms chromosome during cell division
    chromatin
  123. anabol-
    to build up
  124. -ate
    composed of, pertaining to
  125. carb-
    carbon
  126. -hydr-
    water
  127. catabol-
    to break down
  128. -mere
    part
  129. chromat-
    color
  130. -in
    substance, chemical compound
  131. chrom-
    color
  132. -um
    structure
  133. reticul-
    network
  134. glyc-
    sugar
  135. complex
    woven together
  136. -some
    body
  137. lys
    decompose
  138. -us
    pertaining to
  139. -lus
    small
  140. prot
    first
  141. rib
    like a rib
  142. anterior
    front surface of body, situated in front
  143. collateral
    situated at the side or having an accessory function
  144. coordinate
    bring together different structures into harmonious function
  145. shaped like a cross
    cruciate
  146. tissue that covers surfaces or lines cavities
    epithelium
  147. passing waste products of metabolism out of the body
    excrete
  148. transplantation of living tissue
    graft
  149. study of the structure and function of cells, tissues, and organs
    histology
  150. band of fibrous tissue connecting two structures
    ligament
  151. nearer to middle of body
    medial
  152. disc of connective tissue cartilage between the bones of a joint, such as in the knee
    meniscus
  153. a tissue consisting of contractile cells
    muscle
  154. thin, circular bone  in front of the knee joint
    patella
  155. to produce and release a chemical substance
    secrete
  156. co-
    together
  157. -ior
    pertaining to
  158. ordion
    arrange
  159. thel
    nipple
  160. hist
    tissue
  161. latin: small plate
    patella
  162. latin: release
    secrete
  163. latin: separate
    excrete
  164. greek: crescent
    meniscus
  165. to form a joint so as to allow movement
    articulate
  166. fibrous tissue layer surrounding a joint or other structure
    capsule
  167. nonvascular firm, connective tissue found mostly in joints
    cartilage
  168. major protein of connective tissue, cartilage, and bone
    collagen
  169. cell that forms collagen fibers
    fibroblast
  170. substance that surrounds cells, is manufactured by the cells, and holds them together
    matrix
  171. a substance in food required for normal physiologic function
    nutrient
  172. bone forming cell
    osteoblast
  173. bone removing cell
    osteoclast
  174. bone maintaining cell
    osteocyte
  175. fibrous membrane covering bone
    periosteum
  176. fluid of joints
    synovial
  177. fibrous band that connects muscle to bone
    tendon
  178. -ule
    little
  179. caps-
    box
  180. Latin: gristle
    cartilage
  181. -gen
    produce, form
  182. latin: mater / mother
    matrix
  183. -ent
    end result
  184. nutri-
    nourish
  185. -blast
    germ cell
  186. oste
    bone
  187. -clast
    break
  188. -cyte
    cell
  189. -um
    tissue
  190. syn-
    together
  191. -ovi
    egg
  192. List the 11 organ systems
    • integumentary
    • skeletal
    • muscular
    • nervous
    • endocrine
    • cardiovascular
    • lymphatic
    • digestive
    • respiratory
    • urinary
    • reproductive
  193. homeostasis
    stability or equilibrium of a system or body's internal environment
  194. increase in size, but not in number, of a tissue
    hypertrophy
  195. integrate
    to bring together in a complete and harmonious whole
  196. greek: instrument
    organ
  197. disease of muscular rigidity, tremors, and masklike facial expression
    Parkinson's Disease
  198. latin: placement
    carriage of body as a whole and position of limbs
    posture
  199. blood poisoning
    septicemia
  200. incision into the windpipe so that tube can be inserted for breathing assistance
    tracheostomy
  201. pertaining to urine
    urinary
  202. -stasis
    stand still, control
  203. home-
    same
  204. excessive
    hyper-
  205. -trophy
    development
  206. integr-
    whole
  207. -emia
    blood condition
  208. septic-
    infected
  209. -stomy
    new opening
  210. trache-
    windpipe
  211. -ary
    pertaining to
  212. urin-
    urine
  213. study of the structures of the human body
    anatomy
  214. pertaining to strucutures of the human body
    anatomical
  215. front surface of body, situated in front
    anterior
  216. pertaining to neared to the tail
    caudal
  217. nearer to the head
    cephalic
  218. vertical plane dviding the body into anterior and posterior (equivalent to frontal plane)
    coronal plane
  219.  situated away from the center of the body compared to something else, usually for limbs
    distal
  220. pertaining to the back or situated behind, equivalent to posterior)
    dorsal
  221. pertaining to the vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions, equivalent to coronal
    frontal plane
  222. situated below
    inferior
  223. pertaining to the back surface of the body, situated behind
    posterior
  224. lying face down
    prone
  225. situated nearest the center of the body when compared to something else, usually used for limb parts
    proximal
  226. the vertical plane through the body that divides the right and left portions
    sagittal plane
  227. situated above
    superior
  228. lying face up, flat on your s-pine
    supine
  229. the horizontal plane the divides the body into upper and lower portions
    transverse plane
  230. pertaining to the belly or situated nearer the surface of the belly
    ventral
  231. -tomy
    separating
  232. ana-
    apart from
  233. -ical
    pertaining to
  234. -ior
    pertaining to
  235. anter-
    coming before
  236. caud-
    tail
  237. cephal-
    head
  238. coron-
    crown
  239. dist-
    away from center
  240. dors-
    back
  241. poster-
    coming behind
  242. latin: bending forward
    prone
  243. proxim-
    nearest
  244. sagitt-
    arrow
  245. super-
    above
  246. Latin: bending backward
    supine
  247. latin: crosswise
    transverse
  248. ventr-
    belly
  249. part of trunk between thorax and pelvis
    abdomen
  250. pertaining to abdomen and pelvis
    abdominopelvic
  251. hollow space or body compartment
    cavity
  252. the musculomembranous partition that separates the abdominal and thoracid cavities
    diaphragm
  253. abdominal region above the stomach
    epigastrium / epigastric
  254. abdominal region below the stomach
    hypogastric
  255. one quarter of a circle
    quadrant
  256. pertaining to the center of the abdomen
    umbilical
  257. pelv-
    perlvis
  258. Latin: hollow place
    cavity
  259. Greek; fence
    diaphragm
  260. umbilic-
    belly button , navel
  261. skull
    crani-
  262. brain
    cerebr-
  263. cartilage
    chondr-
  264. liver
    hepat
  265. heart
    cardi
  266. lung
    pulm-
  267. kidney
    nephr-
  268. red
    erythr-
  269. intestine
    ciele-
  270. blood
    heme-
  271. tongue
    gloss- ling-
  272. muscle
    my-
  273. blood vessel
    angi-
  274. lower back
    lumb-
  275. gland
    adren-
  276. diaphragm
    phren-
  277. psych-
    mind
  278. white
    leuk-
  279. supra-
    above
  280. per-
    through
  281. micro
    small
  282. macro
    large
  283. di-
    complete
  284. intra-
    within
  285. co-
    together
  286. semi-
    half
  287. meta-
    beyond
  288. anti-
    against
  289. an-  
    a-
    without
  290. eu-
    normal
  291. mal-  
    dys-
    bad
  292. para-
    along side
  293. re-
    again
  294. auto-
    self
  295. homo-
    same
  296. pre-
    ante-
    before
  297. inter-
    between
  298. exo-
    towards
  299. bi-
    two
  300. -oma
    tumor
  301. -emia
    blood condition
  302. -osis
    -ia
    -ous
    condition
  303. -pathy
    disease
  304. -ectomy
    surgical removal
  305. -gram
    -graphy
    record or process of
  306. -algia
    pain
  307. -megaly
    enlargement

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