EXP- Chapter 3

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Author:
Rburk022
ID:
168313
Filename:
EXP- Chapter 3
Updated:
2012-09-06 00:23:39
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Working memory
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Chapter 3: Working memory
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  1. the neural structures and cognitive processes which maintain the accessibility of information for short periods of time in an active conscious state.
    Working memory
  2. Working memory can only hold so much information and no more.
    limited capacity system
  3. Who reviewed all available data and determined that the capacity of working memory was about 7 units of information, plus or minus 2.
    George Miller (1956)
  4. an experimenter reads a list of numbers to a willing participant or group.  As soon as the list is read, the participants must repeat back the numerals in order, either by reading them or writing them.
    Digit span task
  5. A memory unit consisting of related components
    Chunk
  6. For digits in American English, most of us can say 7 digits in 1.5 seconds. 
    Word-length effect
  7. the amount of time it would take to say aloud the items being rehearsed in working memory.
    Pronunciation time
  8. actively maintaining the items in working memory by repeating it over and over
    maintenance rehearsal
  9. actively maintaining the items in working memory by elaborating on the item to some other concept
    elaborative rehearsal
  10. new information enters working memory and displaces information already present.
    Interference
  11. good memory for words early in the list; based on long-term memory
    primary effects
  12. good memory for words at the end of the list; based on working memory.
    Recency effects
  13. An attentional mechanism that coordinates the systems.
    central executive
  14. coordinates overlap between the auditory and visual systems
    Episodic buffer
  15. Which type of working memory is considered the
    phonological loop?
    Auditory
  16. Which type of working memory is considered the visual-spatial
    sketchpad?
    Visual
  17. When a participant had to do two things at once.
    Concurrent tasks
  18.  A limited capacity working memory system that stores sounds for a short period of time.
    Phonological loop
  19. phonological loop is mildly impaired when there is background talking going on. 
    Irrelevant speech effect
  20. A limited capacity working memory system that
    stores visual and spatial information for a short period of time.
    Visuo-spatial sketchpad

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