EXP- Chapter 3
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EXP- Chapter 3
Chapter 3: Working memory
the neural structures and cognitive processes which maintain the accessibility of information for short periods of time in an active conscious state.
Working memory can only hold so much information and no more.
limited capacity system
Who reviewed all available data and determined that the capacity of working memory was about 7 units of information, plus or minus 2.
George Miller (1956)
an experimenter reads a list of numbers to a willing participant or group. As soon as the list is read, the participants must repeat back the numerals in order, either by reading them or writing them.
Digit span task
A memory unit consisting of related components
For digits in American English, most of us can say 7 digits in 1.5 seconds.
the amount of time it would take to say aloud the items being rehearsed in working memory.
actively maintaining the items in working memory by repeating it over and over
actively maintaining the items in working memory by elaborating on the item to some other concept
new information enters working memory and displaces information already present.
good memory for words early in the list; based on long-term memory
good memory for words at the end of the list; based on working memory.
An attentional mechanism that coordinates the systems.
coordinates overlap between the auditory and visual systems
Which type of working memory is considered the
Which type of working memory is considered the visual-spatial
When a participant had to do two things at once.
A limited capacity working memory system that stores sounds for a short period of time.
phonological loop is mildly impaired when there is background talking going on.
Irrelevant speech effect
A limited capacity working memory system that
stores visual and spatial information for a short period of time.