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2012-09-07 17:09:48
Medical Microbiology

Medical Microbiology terms
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  1. The term refering to putting organisms into categories to show degrees of similitaries
  2. The study of the evolutionary history of organisms
    Systematics, or phylogeny
  3. What are the three kingdoms of the domain Eukarya?
    Animals, Plants and Fungi
  4. What is included in the Domain Bacteria?
    All pathogenic prokaryotes as well as many of the nonpathogenic prokaryotes.
  5. What does the Domain Archaea inlcude?
    prokaryotes that do not have peptidoglycan in their cell walls.
  6. for evolution, is based on nucleotide sequences in the genomes of organisms
    Molecular clock
  7. the system that gives two names to each organism
    binomial nomenclature
  8. family
    a group made up of genera
  9. order
     groups of similar families
  10. class
    groups of similar orders
  11. phylum
    groups of related classes
  12. kingdom
    groups of phyla that are related to each other
  13. domain
    groups of related kingdoms
  14. difined as a population of cells with similar charchteristics
    Prokaryotic species
  15. A pure culture that is a population of cells with similar charachteristics
  16. A group identified by numbers, letters or names that follow the specific epithet
  17. Simple eukaryotic organims, mostly unicellular
  18. The organisms once classified as protists are being divided into this group, those that are genetically related
  19. This kingdom includes all mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants
  20. The kingdom of multicellular organisms includes sponges, various worms, insects and animas with backbones
  21. A population of ciruses with similar charachteristics, that occupies a particular ecological niche.
    Viral species
  22. Trophozite
    The vegetative form of a protozoan
  23. Schizogony
    The process of multiple fission, in which one organism divides to produce many daughter cells
  24. Vector
    an anthropod that carries disease causing organisms from one host to another
  25. STD
    infection with Trichomonas vaginalis and is called Trichomoniasis
  26. Dysentary
    A disease charachterized by frequent, watery stools containing blood and mucous
  27. Formite
    A nonliving object that can spread infection
  28. Conjugation
    The transfer of genetic material from one cell to another involving cell-to-cell contact
  29. Parisitism
    A symbiotic relationship in which one organism (the parasite) exploits another (the host) w/out providing any benefit in return
  30. Commensalism
    A sybmiotic relationship in which two organisms live in associatin and one is benefiited while the other is neither benefited nor harmed
  31. Mutualism
    A type of symbiosis in which both organisms or populations benefit