Card Set Information
Med Term Davi Ellen Chabner
all terms for ch.2
Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials.
process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simpler substances and release energy
structure surrounding cell; protection and determines what enters and exits cell
rod-shaped structures that contain DNA called genes. 46 chromosomes (23 pairs) in every cell (not including egg or sperm cells)
all material outside nucleas and contained within cell membrane
chemical found in each chromosome; directs activity of a cell
structure(canals) within cytoplasm. makes large proteins smaller; anabolism takes place here.
Regions of DNA within each chromosome
picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell
total of the chemical processes in a cell
structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy. Catoblism takes place here.
control center of the cell; contains chromosomes and directs the activities of the cell
collection of fat cells
flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints.
skin cells that cover the external body surface and line the internal surgaces of organs.
specialist in the study of tissues
"voice box" located at the upper part of the trachea
throat. common passageway for food and air
endocrine gland at the base of the brain
endocirine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck
"windpipe" (tube leading to throat to the bronchial tubes)
one of two tubes, each leading from a kidney to the urinary bladder.
tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
space below the chest containt organs such as: liver, stomach, gallbladder, and intestines. Also called Abdomen.
space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the skull.
muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavaties. Moves up and down and aids in breathing.
pertaining to the back
centrally located space between the lungs
space below the abdomen containing portions of the intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs.
double layerd membrane surronding the abdominal organs.
double layered membrane surrounding each lung
space between the pleural membranes
space withing the spinal column (backbones) and containing the psinal cord. also called spinal canal.
space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus, and other organs
pertaining to the front
Right and Left upper regions beneath the ribs
middle and upper region
above the stomach
Right and left middle regions near the waist
central region around the naval
right and left lower regions near the groin also called iliac regions
middle lower region below the umbilical region
right upper quadrant; contains liver, gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of small and large intestines.
left upper quadrant; contains liver, stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of small and large intestines
right lower quadrant; conrains parts of the small and large intestines, right ovary & fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter.
lower left quadrant contains parts of the small and large intestines,left ovary & fallopian tube, and left ureter
neck region: 7 vertebrae
chest region: 12 vertebrae
loin waist region: 5 vertebrae
region of the sacrum; 5 bones fused together to form the sacrum.
region of the coccyx (tailbone) small bone composed of four fused pieces.
bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
pad of cartilage between vertebrae.
away from the surface
far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure
frontal (coronal) plane
vertical plane dividing body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) sections.
below another structure; pertaining to the tail or lower portion of the body
pertaining to the
pertaining to the middle or near the medial plane of the body.
lying on the belly (face down,palms down)
near the point of attachment to trunk or near the beginning of a structure.
sagittal (lateral) plane
lengthwise, vertical plane dividing the body or structure into
on the surface
above another structure; pertaining to the head.
lying on your back; face up palms up
transverse (cross-sectional or axial) plane
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions
abdominal- pertaining to the abdomen (region below the chest contianing internal organs)
adipose- pertaining to or full of fat
anterior- pertaining to the front
to cast (throw)
anabolism- cellular process in which proteins are built up
neck (of the body or of the uterus)
cervical- pertaining to the neck of the body or neck of the uterus.
cartilage (type of connective tissue)
chondroma- benign tumor of the cartilage
chromosomes- these nuclear structures absorb the color of dyes used to stain the cell. Literally "bodies of color"
coccygeal- pertaining to the coccyx
craniotomy- incision of the skull
cytoplasm- formation of a cell (all material outside nucleas and within cell membrane)
distal- far from the point of attachment to trunk or from beggining of structure
back portion of the body
dorsal- pertaining to the back side of body
histology- the study of tissue
ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
iliac- pertaining to the upper part of the hip bone
inguinal- pertaining to the groin
karyotype- classification of the nucleus
lateral- pertaining to the side
lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
lumbosacral- pertaining to the lumbar vertebrae and the sacrum.
medial- pertaining to the middle of the body
nucleic- pertaining to the nucleus
pelvis, hip region
pelvic- pertaining to the pelvis or hip region
posterior- pertaining to the back side of the body, or behind another object
proximal- pertaining to the nearest point of attachment to the trunk or beginning of a structure.
sacral- pertaining to the sacrum
sarcoma- cancerous tumor of fleshy connective tissue (muscle bone and fat)
spinal- pertaining to the spine
epithelial cell- cell that lies on body surfaces, externally and internally (orginally identified in the skin of the nipples)
thoracic- pertaining to the chest
thoracotomy- incision of the chest.
tracheal- pertaining to the trachea
umbilical- pertaining to the navel
belly side of the body
ventral- pertaining to the belly side of the body
vertebral- pertaining to the verterbrae or backbone
visceral- pertaining to the internal organs
anabolic- pertaining to the process of building
complex materials (proteins) from simple materials.
catabolism- cellular process of breaking down foods to release energy
epigastric- pertaining to above the stomach
hypochondriac region- upper region
the cartilage of the ribs
intervertabral- pertaining to between vertebrae. (disks are intevertabral)
metabolism- literally "to cast a change", meaning chemical changes that occur in a cell
pertaining to; full of