The Functions of Deviance: The Structural-Functional Analysis
According to Emile Durkheim, there is nothing abnormal about deviance. In fact he says that it performs four essential functions:1) Deviance affirms cultural values and norms. Any definition of virtue rests on an opposing idea of vice: In other words, there can be no good without evil.2) Responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries. By defining some individuals as deviant, people draw a boundary between right and wrong. For example, when a student gets caught cheating and the professor calls him or her out on it in class, that lets other students know it will not be tolerated.3) Responding to deviance brings people together. A prime example of this is 9/11. The whole country was brought together by the 9/11 attacks to affirm their patriotism and punish those responsible.4) Deviance encourages social change. Your book mentions how rock-and-roll was labeled deviant in the 1950s but became main stream by the 1960s. Hip-hop music seems to following the same path in respectability as an art form.