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2012-09-02 13:48:54
Integumentary System

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  1. Outer layer of skin...
  2. Horny, or cornified, layer composed of protein.  It is contained in the hair, skin, and nails.
  3. Color, or pigmentation, of the skin.
  4. Inner layer of skin.
  5. Tiny, coilied, tubular structures that emerge through pores on the skins surface and secrete serat.
    Sudoriferous (sweat) glands.
  6. Secrete sebum (oil) into the hair follicles where the hair shafts pass through the dermis.
    Sebaceous Glands.
  7. Compressed, keratinized cells that arise from hair follicles, the sacs that enclose the hair fibers.
  8. Originate in the epidermis.  Naiels are found on the upper surface of the ends of the fingers and toes.  The white area at the base of the nail is called the lunula, or moon.
  9. Cutaneo/o , derm/o , dermat/o
  10. hidr/o
  11. kerat/o
    horny tissue, hard
  12. onych/o , ungu/o
  13. seb/o
    sebum (oil)
  14. trich/o
  15. aut/o
  16. bi/o
  17. coni/o
  18. crypt/o
  19. heter/o
  20. myc/o
  21. necr/o
    death (cells, body)
  22. pachy/o
  23. rhytid/o
  24. staphyl/o
    grapelike clusters
  25. strept/o
    twisted chains
  26. xer/o
  27. epi-
    on, upon, over
  28. intra-
  29. para-
    beside, beyond, around, abnormal
  30. per-
  31. sub-
    under, below
  32. trans-
    through, across, beyond
  33. -a
    noun suffix, no meaning
  34. -coccus (pl= cocci)
    berry shaped
  35. -ectomy
    excision or surgical removal
  36. -ia
    diseased or abnormal state, condition of
  37. -malacia
  38. -opsy
    view of, viewing
  39. -phagia
    eating or swallowing
  40. -plasty
    surgical repair
  41. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  42. -tome
    instrument used to cut
  43. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin
  44. dermatoconiosis
    abnormal condition of the skin caused by dust
  45. dermatofibroma
    fibrous tumor of the skin
  46. hidradenitis
    inflammation of a sweat gland
  47. leiodermia
    condition of smooth skins
  48. leukoderma
    white skin
  49. onychocryptosis
    abnormal condition of a hidden nail (ingrown nail)
  50. onchomalacia
    softening of the nails
  51. onychomycosis
    abnormal condition of a fungus in the nails
  52. onychophagia
    eating the nails
  53. pachyderma
    thickening of the skin
  54. paronychia
    diseased state around the nail
  55. seborrhea
    discharge of sebum
  56. trichomycosis
    abnormal condition of a fungus in the hair
  57. xeroderma
    dry skin
  58. abrasion
    scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury
  59. abscess
    localized collection of pus
  60. acne
    inflammatory disease of the skin involving the sebaceous glands and hair follicles
  61. actinic keratosis
    a precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure to sunlight.  It may evolve into a squamous cell carcinoma
  62. albinism
    congenital hereditary condition chracterized by partial or total lack of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes
  63. basal cell carcinoma
    epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis.  It seldom metastasizes but invades local tissue.  Common in individuals who have had excessing sun exposure.
  64. candidiasis
    an infection of the skin, mouth, or vagina caused by the yeast type fungus Candida albicans.  Candida is normally present in the mucous membranes; overgrowth causes an infection.  Esophageal cadidiasis is often seen in patients with AIDS.
  65. Carbuncle
    skin infection composed of a cluster of boils caused by staphylococcal bacteria
  66. cellulitits
    inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, leading to redness, swelling and fever
  67. Contusion
    injusry with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration
  68. Eczema
    Noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scabs and itching
  69. Fissure
    slit or cracklike sore in the skin
  70. Furuncle
    painful skin node caused by staphylococcal bacteria in a hair follicle
  71. Gangrene
    death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply followed by bacterial invasion
  72. Herpes
    Inglammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus characterized by small blisters in clusters.  Many types of herpes exist.  
  73. Impetigo
    Superficial skin infection characterized by pustules and caused by wither staphylococci or streptococci
  74. Infection
    the invasion of pathogens in bosy tissue.  An ingection may remail localized if the bodys defense mechanisms are effective.  If the infection persists, it may become acute, subacute, or chronic.  A systemic infection occures when the pathogen causing a local infection gains access to the vascular or lymphatic system and becomes disseminated throughout the body.
  75. Kaposi Sarcoma 
    A cancerous condition starting as a purple or brown papules on the lower extremeties that spreads through the skin to the lympg nodes and internal organs.  Freq. seen with AIDS.
  76. Laceration
    Torn, ragged-edged wound
  77. Lesion
    Any visible change in tissue resulting from injury or disease.  It is a broad term that includes sores, wounds, ulcers, and tumors.
  78. MRSA Infection
    Invasion of body tissue by methicillin-resistant S. aureus, a strain of common bacteria that has developed resistance to penicillin and other antibiotics.  It can produce skin and soft tissue infections and sometimes bloodstream infections and pneumonia, which can be fatal if not treated.  MRSA is quite common in hospitals and long term care facilities but is increasingly emerging as an important infection on the general population.
  79. Pediculosis
    Invasion into the skin and hair by lice.
  80. Psoriasis
    Chronic skin condition producing red lesions covered with silvery scales. 
  81. Rosacea
    Chronic disorder of the skin that produces erythema, papules, pustules, and broken blood vessels, usually occurring on the central area of the face in people older than 30.
  82. Scabies
    Skin infection caused by the itch mite, characterized by papule eruptions that are caused by the female burrowing into the outer layer of the skin and laying eggs.  This condition is accompanied by severe itching.
  83. Scleroderma.
    A disease characterized by chronic hardening of the connective tissue of the skin and other body organs.
  84. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    A malignant growth that develops from scalelike epthelial tissue.  Unlike basal cell carcinoma, there is a signigicant potential for metastasis.  The most frequent cause is chronic exposure to the sun.
  85. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    A chronic inflammatory disease involving the skin, joints, kidneys, and nervous system.  This autoimmune disease is characterized by periods of remission and exacerbations.  It also may affect other organs.
  86. Tinea
    Fungal infection of the skin.  The fungi may infect keratinof the skin, hair, and nails.  Infections are classified by body regions such as tinia capitis (scalp), tinea corporis (body), and tinea pedis (foot).  Tinea in general is also called ringworm, and tinea pedis specifically is also called athletes foot.
  87. Urticaria
    An itching skin eruption composed of wheals of varying size and shape, which usually resolves in a short period of time.  While often idiopathic, urticaria is sometimes associated with infections and with allergic reactions to food, medicine, or other agents.  Other causes include internal disease, physical stimuli, and genetic disorders.
  88. Vitiligo
    White patches on the skin caused by the destruction of melanocytes associated with sutoimmune disorders.  
  89. Biopsy (bx)
    View of life... the removal of living tissue from the body to be viewed under the scope.
  90. Dermatoautoplasty
    Surgical repair using ones own skin.  Autograft
  91. Dermatoheteroplasty
    Surgical repair using skin from someone else.
  92. Dermatome
    Instrument used to cut skin.
  93. Dermatoplasty
    Surgical repair of the skin.
  94. Onychectomy
    Excision of a nail.
  95. Rhytidectomy
    Excision of wrinkles, facelift.
  96. Rhytidoplasty
    Surgical repair of wrinkles
  97. Cryosurgery
    Destruction of tissue by using exteme cold, often by using liquid nitrogen.
  98. Debridement
    removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from an open wound
  99. Dermabrasion
    procedure to remove skin scars with abrasive material, such as sandpaper
  100. Excision
    removal by cutting
  101. Mohs surgery
    technique of microscopically controlled serial excisions of skin cancers
  102. Erythroderma
    Red skin
  103. Keratogenic 
    originating in horny tissue
  104. Percutaneous
    pertaining to through the skin
  105. Ungual
    pertaining to the nail
  106. Xanthoderma
    Yellow Skin... aka Jaundice
  107. Alopecia
    Loss of hair
  108. Cicatrix
  109. Cyst
    A closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material.
  110. Cytomegalovirus
    A herpes-type virus that usually causes disease when the immune system is compromised 
  111. Diaphoresis
    Profuse sweating.
  112. Ecchymosis
    Escape of blood into the skin, causing a small, flat, purple, or blue discoloration, as may occur when blood is withdrawn by a needle and syringe from an arm vein.
  113. Edema
    Puffy swelling of tissue from the accumulation of fluid.
  114. Erythema
  115. Induration
    abnormal hard spots
  116. Jaundice
    condition characterized by a yellow tinge to the skin
  117. Keloid
    overgrowth of scar tissue
  118. Leukoplakia 
    condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane, with may be precancerous
  119. Macule
    flat, colored spot on the skin
  120. Nevus
    circumscribed malformation of the skin, usually brown, black, or flesh colored.  A congenital nevus is present at birth and is regerred to as a birthmark
  121. Pallor
  122. Papule
    small, solid skin elevation
  123. Petechia
    a pinpoint skin hemorrhage
  124. Pressure ulcer
    erosion of the skin caused by prolonged pressure, often occuring in bedridden patients.
  125. Pruritus
    severe itching
  126. Purpura
    small hemorrhages in the skin, giving a purple red discoloration; associated with blood disorders or vascular abnormalities
  127. Verruca
    circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus (wart)
  128. Vesicle
    small elevation of he epidermis containing liquid (blister)
  129. Wheal
    transitory, itchy elevation of the skin with a white center and a red surrounding areal a wheal is an individual urticaria (hive)