Regimental Induction Ceremony Questions
Card Set Information
Regimental Induction Ceremony Questions
Questions and Answers
What branch of service had the first Navy?
Army, The Hannah was commissioned on August 24, 1775; two months before the Continental Congress authorized a Continental Navy (The origin of the U.S. Navy).
What was the original dividing line between the Army's Navy and the U.S. Navy?
Brown water versus blue water
Why did the Army create wagoneers in the Revolutionary War?
Because of the unreliability of civillian contractors
The US Military Railroad System belonged to which branch of the Army in the Civil War?
What was the fundamental difference between North and Southern utilization of rail and watercraft during the Civil War?
Centralized versus decentralized control
What organization was created in 1899 to manage ports of embarkation and the Army's Sea Going Fleet?
Army Transportation Service
The Standard B "Liberty Truck" was unique in what respect?
It was the first standard design vehicle approved by the Army Quartermaster that any manufacturer could make and all parts were interchangeable.
What organization managed all Army trucks in WWI
The Motor Transport Corps
What lesson about transportation was learned in France during the World War One?
All modes of transportation needed to be managed by a single command - The Chief of Transportation
Why did the Army adopt pack mules as a means of transportation?
The mounted branch needed a means of transportation that could keep pace over any kind of terrain.
Where did the Army use pack mules during World War Two? And why did they use them?
The mountains of Italy and Jungles of Burma due to restrictive terrain.
When was the Transportation Corps created?
July 31, 1942
The Transportation Corps was primarily created to provide what capabilities?
Traffic management (Movement Control), Port Operations, and Rail Operations.
What was the historical significance of Operation Mulberry for the Army?
It set the standard against which all subsequent JLOTS operations are measured.
In World War Two, why did the Army need amphibious vehicle?
It needed a vehicle that, unlike normal landing craft, could drive over sand bars and not have to stop at the water's edge.
Before the 2d Engineer Special Brigade could provide landing craft in the South Pacific, General Douglas McArthur relied on what unique capability that allowed him to retake New Guinea?
Small sailing ships manned by Australian Sailors.
The Red Ball Express and subsequent express routes were an out of the box traffic management solution to what problem?
The lack of functioning rail leading out fo the Cherbourg Pennisula
The Quartermaster Corps gave the Transportation Corps trucks when?
in 1946, after World War II
When did the Transportation Corps create the first Army Helicopter Company?
1950, right before the Korean War.
The 1st Marine Division and the 2d Infantry Division escaped through the gauntlet of the Chinese encirclement on what?
Who was the first Transportation Corps Medal of Honor recipient?
LTC John U.D. Paige. He was an X Corps Artillery Officer who was performing the duties of a Transportation Officer during the withdrawal of the 1st Marine Division.
In 1954, The Transportation Corps received total responsibility for what mode of Army Transportation?
Transportation Corps received responsibility for all Watercraft from the Corps of Engineers.
What was the Transportation Corps solution to convoy ambushes during the Vietnam War?
The "Eve of Destruction" has how many M2 .50 caliber machine guns?
Four; one in the front right, and one in front left corner plus a set of rear duals.
What were the first complete units to deploy to the Vietnam War?
Transportation Corps helicopter companies which arrived in 1962.
During the height of the Vietnam War, the Transportation Corps was responsible for what aspects of Army aviation?
Aviation maintenance and aircraft recovery.
The vast majority of cargo was moved in Vietnam by what mode of transportation?
To shorten the lines of communication and reduce the vulnerability to convoy ambush, the Transportation Corps did what?
Built Army Ports and conducted LOTS operations near bases needing supplies.
What Transportation Corps Soldiers earned the Medal of Honor during the Vietnam War?
SP4 Larry Dahl and SGT William Seay
The 403rd A/DACG was the first transportation unit to conduct a combat jump in what conflict?
Operation Just Cause, the Invasion of Panama in 1989.
Operation Desert Storm was the first post-Vietnam War operation of the 7th Transportation Group. What was its role?
Port Operations and Port Clearance; or Reception, Staging, and Onward Movement.
As a result of the ambushes in Mogadishu, Somalia, The Transportation Corps developed what fully armored vehicle?
The M1114 Up-Armored HMMWV.
The primarily role of the Transportation Corps during the early years of operations in the land-locked country of Afghanistan was what?
Movement Control and A/DACG.
The War in Iraq realized the need for what Vietnam War capability?
Convoy security or gun trucks.
Who was the first truck driver to earn the Silver Star Medal during the war in Iraq?
SPC Jeremy Church.
During the war in Iraq, the Transportation Corps was so short of what two assets that it had to borrow "in lieu of" companies from other Army branches and US Air Force?
Truck companies and convoy escort companies.