# Chem #1

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1. Which of the following cannot be seperated into a simpler substance by chemical means?
• A. Element
• B. Emulsion
• C. Compound
• D. Homogenous mixture
• E. Heterogenous mixture
2. If a liquid contains 60% sugar and 40% water throughout its composition then what is it called?
• A. Solute
• B. Compound
• C. Homogenous mixture
• D. Heterogenous mixture
• E. Solvent
3. The SI prefixes milli and mega represent, respectively:
• A. 10^6 and 10^-6
• B. 10^-3 and 10^6
• C. 10^3 and 10^-6
• D. 10^-3 and 10^9
• E. 10^-6 and 10^-3
4. How many milliliters is 0.0055L?
• A. 0.55mL
• B. 5.5 mL
• C. 0.55 mL
• D. 0.0000055mL
• E. 182 mL
5. How many inches are in 382.5 cm? (1in=2.54cm)
• A. 150.6 in
• B. 6.641x10^-3 in
• C. 151 in
• D. 971.6 in
• E. 972 in

382.5 cm x 1in/2.54 cm=150.6
6. What is the volume of a container that contains 14.3g of a substance having a density of 0.988 g/cm3?
14.5 cm3

14.3gx 1cm/.988g=14.5g/cm3
7. if you have a graduated cylinder containing 15.5 mL and this volume changes to 95.2 mL after a metal with a mass of 7.95g is dropped into the graduated cylinder then what is the density of this metal?
9.97x10^-2 g/mL
8. Radio waves travel at the speed of light which is 3.00x10^8 m/s. How many minutes does it take for a radio message to reach earth from saturn if saturn is 7.9x10^8 km from earth?
• 44 min
• 7.9x10^8 km x 1sec/3x10^8 m
• 3x10^8/1sec x 60sec/min x 1km/1000= 1.8x10^7 km/min

1min/1.8x10^7 km x 7.9 x10^8/1min = 44min
9. If the temperature is 38F then what is the temperature in Kelvin?
276.5 K

• 38-32/1.8 = 3.34 C
• 3.34C + 273K= 276.5K
10. Select the answer with the correct number of decimal places for the following sum:
13.914 cm+ 243.1 cm + 12.00460 cm=
269.0 cm
11. Express 122F in C
50.0 C

122F-32/1.8=50C
12. Convert 500 milliliters to quarts. (1L=1.06qt)
0.528 qt

500 mlx 1L/1000mlx 1.06 qt/1L = 0.52 qt
13. After carrying out the operations below, how many significant figures are appropriate to show in the result?
(13.7 + 0.027) / 8.221
3 significant figures
14. The speed needed to escape the pull of earth's gravity is 11.3 km/s.
What is this speed in mi/h? (1mi=1609m)
25,300 mi/h

11.3km/1hr x 1000 m/1km x 1mile/1609m x 60 sec/min x 60 min/1hr-= 25,300mi/h
15. The SI base unit of mass is
Kilogram
16. Acetone, which is used as a solvent and as a reactant in the manufacture of plexiglass boils at 56.1C
What is the boiling point in degrees Farenheit?
133F

1.8 X 56.1 + 32= 133
17. Which of the following is a chemical change?
Broiling a steak on a grill
18. The number 6.0448, rounded to 3 decimal places, becomes 6.045
TRUE
19. Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space
TRUE
20. When applying the scientific method, a model or theory should be based on experimental data.
True
21. The scientist who determined the magnitude of the electric charge of the electron was
Robert Millkan
22. Which of the following is a type of radioactive radiation which has no charge and are unaffected by external
electric or magnetic fields?
Y Rays
23. Which of these scientists developed the nuclear model of the atom?
Ernest Rutherford
24. Which one of the following statements about atoms and subatomic particles is correct?
A neutral atom contains equal numbers of protons and electrons
25. Atoms of the same element with different mass numbers are called
Isotopes
26. How many neutrons are there in an atom of lead whose mass number is 208?
126

208-82=126
27. Give the number of protons (p), electrons (e), and neutrons (n) in one atom of Chlorine-37
17p, 17e, 20n
28. A magnesium ion, Mg2+, has
12 protons and 10 electrons
29. An oxide ion, O^2-, has
10 protons and 8 electrons
30. The elements in a column of the periodic table are known as
a group
31. Which of the following is a non-metal?
bromine, Br, Z=35
32. Which of these elements is chemically similar to magnesium?
Calcium
33. Which of the following is the empirical formula for hexane, C6H14?
C3H7
34. The compound, P4S10, is used in the manufacture of safety matches. What is its name?
Tetraphosphorus Decasulfide
35. Tetrasulfur dinitride decomposes explosively when heated. What is it's formula?
S4N2
36. An anion is defined as
A charged atom or group of atoms with a net negative charge.
37. Which pair of elements would be most likely to form an ionic compound?
F and Al
38. What is the formula for the ionic compound formed by calcium ions and nitrate ions?
Ca (NO3)2
39. What is the formula for the ionic compound formed by calcium and selenium?
CaSe
40. The formula for magnesium sulfate is
MgSO4
41. Potassium permanganate is a strong oxidizer that reacts explosively with easily oxidized materials. What is it's formula?
KMnO4
42. What is the name of Mn(CO3)2?
Maganese (IV) carbonate
43. Iron (III) Chloride hexahydrate is used as a coagulant for sewage and industrial wastes. What is it's formula?
FeCl3 6H2O
44. Which of the follwoing are allotropes?
diamond and graphite
45. Which of these elements is chemically similar to potassium?
Cesium
46. What is the correct name for ClO3-
Chlorate Ion
47. A compound with an -OH functional group is called
Alcohol
48. An alkane with eight carbons would be called
Octane
49. How many hydrogen atoms are in the propane compound?
8

C3H8
50. What is the formula for Aluminum Oxide?
Al2 O3
 Author: dee3215 ID: 16857 Card Set: Chem #1 Updated: 2010-04-30 01:09:17 Tags: elements Folders: Description: Conversions, Si prefixes Show Answers: